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The World Summit on 
Sustainable Development
Asia-Pacific Regional Preparatory Meeting

 27-29 November 2001, Phnom Penh, Cambodia
 

WEB ARCHIVES: Tuesday 27 November

Highlights from Wednesday, 28 November

 

ENB Final Summary

Mon 03


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Government delegates met all day and all night Wednesday and into Thursday morning to complete negotiations on the Regional Platform on Sustainable Development for Asia and the Pacific. These negotiations continued late into the evening. In the afternoon, the high level segment opened, followed by the following addresses: Kim Hak-Su, Executive Secretary of ESCAP and UN Under Secretary-General (bottom left); Shafqat Kakakhel, UNEP Deputy Executive Director; Kalman Mizsei, Assistant Administrator and UNDP Regional Director for Europe and CIS; Rolf Zelius, Chief, Office of Environment and Social Development, the Asian Development Bank; Message of Nitin Desai, UN Under Secretary-general for Economic and Social Affairs; and Inaugural address by his Excellency Hun Sen, Prime Minister, Royal Government of Cambodia (right photo) . Delegates then elected officers, adopted the agenda and discussed the Regional Platform on Sustainable Development for Asia and the Pacific, including assessment of the implementation of Agenda 21, key regional sustainable development issues and goals, and specific proposals for the World Summit on Sustainable Development. A policy statement was presented by Kim Hak-Su, ESCAP Executive Secretary. Another statement was presented by Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary, UN Convention to Combat Desertification, and Roundtable Chair Cielito Habito presented the report of the Asia-Pacific Roundtable on Sustainable Development. Delegates then made statements on WSSD issues, priorities, goals and actions for sustainable development.


Excerpts from the Prime Minister's inaugural address: One Two Three

Reflecting on Cambodia's recent transition to peace, Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen highlighted domestic rehabilitation efforts to eradicate poverty, maintain stability, improve living standards, promote sustainable development, and integrate into the regional and global economy. He elaborated on national initiatives to ensure the rational use of natural resources, such as: new legislation, including creation of a national biodiversity strategy and climate change action plan; establishment of various ministries to administer natural resources; and efforts to combat corruption in sectors such as forestry. He described the links between landmines, poverty, environmental degradation and social equity, and outlined lessons learned such as: peace and stability are determining factors for success of sustainable development programmes; civil society can positively contribute to achieving sustainable development objectives; NGOs and media are important partners; technical and financial assistance from donors should have emphasize on human resource development; sustainable development requires a new model based on human, not monetary, values that benefit the majority and increase well-being to an acceptable level; and that there is no uniform model of development.

 

Kim Hak-Su, Executive Secretary of ESCAP and UN Under Secretary-general, welcoming delegates, noted the Region's various preparatory meetings, outlined some of the region's sustainable development gains and challenges, and stressed poverty, globalization and emerging social issues as the Commission's future priority agenda, which will be further informed by the Regional Platform for Action.

Shafqat Kakakhel, UNEP Deputy Executive Director, emphasized poverty and globalization as the two major sustainable development challenges for the Region. He described the region's platform as remarkable - succinct yet comprehensive - and said the Summit challenge was reinvigorating the commitment to work for sustainable development.

Rolf Zelius, Chief, Office of Environment and Social Development, Asian Development Bank (right)

outlined ADB initiatives toward environmental and social capacity building and integration of poverty reduction and environmental improvement. He said too much attention has been placed on producing reports, and called for the involvement of environment, planning and financing agencies in action plans, which should ensure: sustained economic growth, inclusive social development and investment in social support programmes; and improved governance for institutions that support public sector management at all levels.

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Noting the region's economic changes since the 1960s, Kalman Mizsei, Assistant Administrator and UNDP Regional Director for Europe and the CIS, stressed the need to build on the 1992 achievements and to ensure the Summit launches a bold new plan that assures human security. He elaborated UNDP's planned activities towards the Summit, including a joint initiative with the ECE, UK and World Bank to highlight successful partnerships and practices to be spread across the world

On behalf of Nitin Desai, Under Secretary-general for Economic and Social Affairs, Hiroko Morita-Lou, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, pointed out that implementation of sustainable development actions have often proven less elusive and more successful at the regional level. She highlighted four main areas where the WSSD must show results: making sustainable development operational; managing challenges of globalization; securing financial resources and technology; and managing conservation of natural resources such as freshwater, oceans, soils and forests.

Informal Consultations on the draft Regional Platform on Sustainable Development for Asia and the Pacific
Chair of the informal consultations Kiyotaka Akasaka, Japan (right) with Ravi Sawhney, ESCAP

Regional Platform on Sustainable Development for Asia and the Pacific: Assessment of the implementation of Agenda 21; Key regional sustainable development issues and goals; and specific proposals for the World Summit on Sustainable Development

Kim Hak-Su, ESCAP Executive Secretary presented a statement on regional sustainable development policy, urging the promotion of economic and social development without undermining natural resources. He highlighted five priority areas for sustainable development: reject poverty as an acceptable human condition; maximize benefits and minimize adverse effects of globalization; conserve biodiversity and manage natural resources; improve governance and participation of government and civil society; and provide the financial resources for sustainable development.

Statement by Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary, UN Convention to Combat Desertification, said progress in sustainable development had been constrained by intervening factors, including the economic slowdown. Recalling the Convention's origin from the Rio process, he elaborated on progress in UNCCD implementation, noting this region's achievements and general implementation constraints, and noted the relevance to the CCD of the Kitakyushu deliberations on land degradation.

Roundtable Chair Cielito Habito presented the report of the Asia-Pacific Roundtable on Sustainable Development, and highlighted the composition of participants, the concerns raised and proposals made on the draft Regional Platform, as well as the deliberations of the panel discussion on financing for sustainable development.

 


Indonesia and Iran during the informal negotiations
The ESCAP information center

Side event: Strategic Dialogue on Civil Society: The Constituency for sustainable development? Hosted by UNDP

Delpin Ganapin, Chair, Civil Society Counterpart, Philippine Council for Sustainable Development, Kalman Mizsei, Assistant Secretary General and Director, Regional Bureau for Europe and CIS, UNDP, Agus Sari, PELANGI, Indonesia, Elizabeth Roxas, Director, Environmental Broadcast Circle, the Philippines, Minendra Rijal, APEX, College and Chair, Sustainable Development Agenda for Nepal (SDAN), Nepal
This event considered, inter alia, the following questions: What has civil society done in the last 10 years to implement sustainable development?; What does civil society need to do between now and the Johannesburg Summit to impact deliberations and decision-making?; and What concrete initiatives can be recommended for the implementation of sustainable development post-Johannesburg?

Press conference

Side event: UNEP information session on the Climate Change Implementation Mechanism
Vijai Sharma, UNEP, gives a briefing on the Clean Development Mechanism including a discussion of the negotiations backdrop, the nature and scope of the Kyoto Mechanisms, the Clean Development Mechanism, related institutional arrangements and further work. Vijai Sharma with Shafqat Kakakhel, UNEP Deputy Executive Director (left)


Linkage's Portal to the Johannesburg Summit 2002
ENB Coverage of the First Preparatory Session of the World Summit on Sustainable Development
ENB Coverage of the UNECE Regional Ministerial Meeting for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
ENB Coverage of the African Regional Preparatory Meeting for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
ENB Coverage of the West Asia Regional Preparatory Meeting for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
ENB Coverage of the Latin America and Caribbean Regional Preparatory Meeting for the World Summit on Sustainable Development

UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific
Asia Pacific Regional Preparatory Process
Stakeholder Segment at the Asia-Pacific Regional PrepCom

South Africa Summit Site
UN Official Summit Website

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