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Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

Tenth Meeting of the Plants Committee and Sixteenth Meeting of the Animals Committee

Shepherdstown, West Virginia, USA, 11 - 15 December 2000

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On Thursday, delegates met in a morning Plenary to consider captive breeding, caviar labelling and freshwater turtles and tortoises. The Committee reconvened in the evening to discuss sharks, Black Sea bottlenose dolphin and trade in alien species. The afternoon was dedicated to working groups in which the following topics were discussed: captive breeding registration and monitoring, and the relationship between ex-situ breeding operations and in-situ conservation programmes; significant trade review; caviar labelling; freshwater turtles and tortoises; hard corals; time-sensitive research samples; and seahorses.


 Click here for ENB's coverage of: Second Joint Meeting of the Animals and Plants Committees

Entrance to the National Conservation Training Center, the weather has changed


Chair Hoogmoed on the INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SHARK SPECIES introduced a COP-11 decision to monitor an international action plan on sharks. He said there was no obligation to report to the next Animals Committee on this issue, but would maintain contact with the FAO on the status of the voluntary plan. He noted that many countries had already undertaken initial assessment of shark stocks.


Marinus Hoogmoed, the Netherlands, Chair of the Animals Committee


Craig Hoover, TRAFFIC

TRAFFIC addresses labels and export permits for caviar.

Iran makes a statement on the universal labelling of caviar.



Hon Keong Leong, City Veterinary Center, CITES Management Authority, Singapore 


Working group on the significant trade review process, and the issue of caviar labelling

UNIVERSAL LABELLING OF CAVIAR: TRAFFIC presented a document on the universal labelling system for the identification of caviar. He noted the system for caviar export applies to caviar entering international trade from the country of origin, but does not apply to re-exports of caviar, including caviar that may have been re-packaged prior to re-export. Iran added the need to consider illegal caviar exports. A working group, chaired by Oceania, was established to further discuss this technical issue.


 Regional representatives to the Animals Committee.

Front row, left to right: Katalin Rodics, Hungary, Marinus Hoogmoed, Chair and Susan S. Lieberman, US. Back row, left to right: Rod Hay, New Zealand, Michael Griffin, Namibia, Marco Polo Micheletti Bain, Honduras, Sixto J. Inchßustegui, Dominican Republic, Kim Howell, Tanzania, Tonny Rakhmat Soehartono, Indonesia and Schwann Tunhikorn, Thailand


Anders Rodin, Chelonian Research Foundation


Working Group on freshwater turtles and tortoises of Southeast Asia

Anders Rodin, attending his first CITES meeting, urges delegate to further explore the turtle trade issue in Asia, as well as Africa and other regions of the world.

Malan Lindeque, Chief, Scientific Coordination Unit, CITES Secretariat welcomes the discussion on the freshwater turtle and tortoises in Southeast Asia.

Susan Lieberman, North America representative for the Animals Committee offers assistance for establishing a technical workshop on freshwater turtle and tortoises.

Chair Hoogmoed introduced a document on trade in freshwater turtles and tortoises and noted the need to convene a workshop on the issue. Africa said although the focus is on Asian trade, it would like to be involved in any future workshop. China requested that more informational surveys be conducted before any workshop takes place. North America, with Germany, highlighted trade in freshwater turtles and tortoises as high priority and both offered funding for a workshop. The US said it was prepared to seek additional funds for a workshop and for capacity building. The Chelonian Research Foundation also pledged additional financial support. Conservation International highlighted its current initiatives in turtle and tortoise conservation and said it looked forward to collaborating on this issue. A working group, chaired by Asia, was established.



N.P. Singh, Botanical Survey of India


Chang-Man Won, Office of the Scientific Authority Wildlife Division, Korea

Kurt Buhlmann, Conservation International with Alison Rosser, IUCN


Ann Michels, Species Survival Network

Rodrigo Medellin, Mexico (left) with Yolanda Matamoros Hidalgo, Costa Rica and Agustin Iriarte, Chile


The Secretariat introduced Parties´┐Ż responses to notification on the registration and monitoring of animal species bred in captivity. The document notes that the registration process for Appendix I captive breeding programmes is required by the Secretariat for species which are critically endangered in the wild and/or difficult to keep or breed in captivity. All other species are to be registered by the Parties themselves. The Secretariat recommended concentrating on species that meet all three criteria and focusing registration on those species where there is a conservation impact as a result of breeding for commercial purposes.

Many delegates, including North America, China, Costa Rica, the US, Israel and others, noted a lack of clear criteria to define critically endangered in the wild and difficult to breed or keep in captivity. Germany stressed the need to further discuss criteria as a high priority and suggested setting up a working group on this issue. India noted that the effects of illegal trade should be taken into consideration when defining critically endangered. Mexico underlined the need for each State to evaluate their own species populations and, supported by the National University of Costa Rica and the IWC, said the Committee should not use IUCN´┐Żs criteria for critical endangerment because it assesses species on a global and not national level. IUCN confirmed that its classification system lists species at the global level, and in some cases, also at the national level.


US delegate introduces a document on the trade in the Black Sea  Bottlenose dolphin.
   Trade in alien species Regarding trade in alien invasive species, the Secretariat stressed the need to cooperate with the IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) and the CBD to minimize impacts on biodiversity from invasive species. Oceania, with Spain, North America, the EU and the US, supported developing a list of CITES invasives and efforts to maximize synergies with ISSG and the CBD. Listen to the Secretariat introducing this item.

Second Joint Meeting of the Animals and Plants Committees, homepage.
General Information from the CITES website.
ENB's coverage of CITES COP-11
Agenda of the Plants Committee.
Agenda of the Animals Committee.
CITES homepage.

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