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IISD Reporting Services (IISD RS) is producing daily reports and daily web coverage from selected side events at CBD COP 11. To download our reports, please click the HTML/PDF icons below.
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Coverage of Selected Side Events at the Eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

8-19 October 2012 | Hyderabad, India

Coverage on Wednesday, 17 October 2012

Artwork at the Novotel Inside the Convention Center.
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Commitment to the Amazon: ARPA for Life – a Public-Private Partnership to Secure the Future of the World’s Largest Tropical Rainforest

Presented by Brazil And WWF International
Braulio Dias, SCBD, stressed that ARPA has been instrumental in enhancing the effectiveness of PAs and in providing goods and services for communities in the Amazon.
Gertrud Sahler, Germany, discussed her country’s financial support for biodiversity protection in the Brazilian Amazon.
Rosa Lemos, FUNBIO, summarized efforts to increase funding from federal and state budgets as well as private sources.

Roberto Cavalcanti, Brazil, moderated the event celebrating the tenth anniversary of the Amazon Regional Protected Area (ARPA) initiative and profiling the ARPA for Life Initiative, which aims to protect ten percent of the Brazilian Amazon and ensure the sustainable use of its resources.

Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary, CBD, highlighted the success of the ARPA initiative in increasing PAs and developing creative ways to mobilize sustainable financial support through public-private partnerships.

Izabella Monica Vieira Teixeira, Minister of Environment, Brazil, via video address, stressed that ARPA for Life offers a new vision and innovative policies for regional and international cooperation on biodiversity conservation.

Gertrud Sahler, Germany, highlighted 20 years of cooperation with Brazil on biodiversity and underscored: achievements in pairing international commitments with on-the-ground impact; innovative partnerships; and innovative institutional and technical solutions. Rosa Lemos, Brazilian Biodiversity Fund (FUNBIO), discussed the ARPA goal of protecting 60 million hectares, and discussed innovations in financial management, including the Protected Areas Fund (FAP), a trust fund for long-term sustainability.

Naoko Ishii, GEF, praised the initiative’s innovative partnerships, observing that they should be replicated globally. On lessons learned, she highlighted the focus on sustainable financing, noting that financial sustainability of PAs is a priority under GEF-5. Rachel Kyte, World Bank, highlighted endowments as a useful conservation mechanism. She noted that ARPA takes an integrated landscape management approach, with a focus on territorial development, PA connectivity, extractive reserves, and livelihoods.

Guillermo Castilleja, Gordon and Betty Moor Foundation, pledged continued support to the initiative. On next steps, he stressed creating new alliances and ensuring PAs are the “backbone for economic development.” Lasse Gustavsson, WWF, highlighted the need for continued support to ARPA for Life, noting its significance globally. Mauricio Dorfler, Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization, spoke on the organization’s strategic work on PAs and welcomed efforts to expand best practices from ARPA to other member countries. Francisco Gaetani, Brazil, focused on steps forward, including: private sector contribution; new public dialogues on PAs; long-term financial commitments; and expanding efforts to other biomes.

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Mauro J. Capóssoli Armelin

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Work in the WTO on the Relationship Between the TRIPS Agreement and the CBD

Presented by WTO
Jayashree Watal, WTO, highlighted common ground on: implementing TRIPS and the CBD in a mutually supportive way; avoiding erroneous patents; and wider acceptance that patent officers need to have necessary information to make proper decisions.
Markus Lehmann, SCBD, highlighted tools such as international certificates of compliance, noting that Patent offices can serve as check points.

Paulino de Carvalho, Brazil, noted that the Nagoya Protocol text is quite balanced and that balance should also be reflected within the context of the WTO.

Jaysahree Watal, WTO, observed that on one hand the CBD provides for the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs), whilst also stipulating that IPRs should be supportive and not run counter to the objectives of the Convention. She highlighted two issues on: whether or not there is a conflict between the Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement and the CBD; and whether or not something needs to be done in the WTO on TRIPS to ensure compliance.

Watal outlined four positions regarding the compatibility of the TRIPS Agreement and CBD that: there is no conflict between TRIPS and the CBD; there is no inherent conflict, however undecided on whether international action is desirable; there is no inherent conflict but international action is desirable, such as a disclosure requirement on patent applicants and an amendment to TRIPS; and that there is inherent conflict and a TRIPS amendment is necessary and patents over genetic resources are not compatible with sovereignty. Watal observed that the discourse approach, obliging patent applicants using genetic resource and associated Traditional Knowledge (TK) inventions to disclose the source country where known, is favored by Brazil, China, India, the EU, the African Group and others.

Markus Lehmann, SCBD, provided a background and an overview of the Nagoya Protocol. He noted that the Protocol aims to provide a legal framework to articulate the quid pro quo that underpins ABS by providing for access to genetic resources subject to prior informed consent in exchange for the fair and equitable share of benefits derived from their use.

Paulino de Carvalho, Brazil, discussed the Brazilian perspective on IPRs and the CBD, emphasizing the necessity of preventing the erroneous issuance of patents. He noted that the objectives of the Nagoya Protocol cannot just be achieved through contractual arrangements and a more general framework is required. He also noted that the Protocol was flexible and allowed countries to designate check points. He outlined his county’s support, together with others, for amending the TRIPS agreement by inserting a disclosure of origin requirement of genetic resources and/or associated TK.

Karin Feriter, US, highlighted her country’s position favoring a contractual approach, however acknowledging that it is not enough. She also supported developing a code of conduct as well as ethical guidelines and expressed reluctance to turn “the patent system into an enforcement system for other laws.” She emphasized that the disclosure requirement should not be added to the patent system because this would introduce an unreasonable formality, which is not required.

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Jayashree Watal

CBD Secretariat

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Measuring and Mainstreaming Natural Capital and Leveraging Biodiversity Finance

Presented by European Commission, World Bank, UNEP/TEEB, UNDP

Rachel Kyte, World Bank, stressed the importance of putting natural capital on the minds of finance ministers.

Pema Gyamtsho, Bhutan, said “we look at our biodiversity as a bank. We want to know what capital we have, what interest we can earn, and how much we can spend for social development, poverty reduction and environmental protection.”

Pavan Sukhdev, TEEB, stressed that reflecting the value of ecosystems in our policies and decision-making requires global collaboration and “the time is now.”

Rachel Kyte, World Bank, outlined The Wealth Accounting and the Valuation of Ecosystem Services (WAVES) project, a global partnership to integrate the value of ecosystem services into national accounting work. She explained that WAVES would: implement UN-agreed methodologies for environmental accounting; measure ecosystem services; and work with partner countries on sector-based accounting.

Pavan Sukhdev, TEEB, discussed country-level studies and The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) Business Coalition working to provide guidelines for corporations to assess impacts on nature based on international standards. Sukhdev introduced the TEEB National Implementation: Reflecting the Value of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in Policymaking, a project managed by UNEP.

Veerle Vandeweerd, UNDP, launched the UNDP managed project Building Transformative Policy and Financing Frameworks to Increase Investment in Biodiversity Management. She noted that the EC had contributed 4 million Euro and UNDP-GEF had contributed 2.4 million Euro. Vandeweerd explained that the project would be piloted in eight countries, and would contribute to a new generation of NBSAPs that include natural accounting for biodiversity.

Pema Gyamtsho, Bhutan, discussed the integration of ecosystems into Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness Index and into the country’s national accounting. Tania Villegas, Ecuador, observed that in her country the economics of nature is taken very seriously and nature is used as a driver for social equity, noting the need to capitalize on interesting initiatives.

Jonathan Davis, Liberia, highlighted challenges to valuing natural capital in Liberia. He observed that although his country is well endowed with natural capital, it has not had an opportunity to value it. He noted that the challenge would be to conduct a comprehensive assessment of the ecosystems and assign an appropriate value.

Carlos Rodriguez, Conservation International, provided a perspective from Costa Rica, observing that from 1986, his country had been able to grow while at the time taking care of natural capital. He highlighted four elements for achieving this: protecting natural capital through a strong, consolidated system of PAs; understanding the economics of nature and addressing perverse incentives; institutional transformation; and good governance, political stability and enhancing the means of doing business.

Jonathan Davis, Liberia, Tania Villegas, Ecuador, Carlos Rodriguez, Conservation International, Veerle Vandeweerd, UNDP, Juergen Voegele, World Bank, Pavan Sukhdev, TEEB, Janez Potočnik, EC, Pema Gyamtsho, Bhutan, and Pia Bucella, EC.
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Related Links
CBD resources
*Side events website
*CBD COP 11 website
*CBD COP 11 meeting documents
*CBD COP 11 revised annotations to the provisional agenda
*Draft decisions for CBD COP 11
*Information for participants
*Live webcast
*Press conferences
*High-Level Segment
*Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) Fair 2012
*Host country website

IISD RS resources
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion at CBD COP 11, 9-18 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 11, 8-19 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 6, 1-5 October 2012, Hyderabad, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Second Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-2), 2-6 July 2012, New Delhi, India
*IISD RS coverage of the Rio Conventions Pavilion, 13-22 June 2012, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of the Fourth Meeting of the Working Group on the Review of Implementation (WGRI 4) of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 7-11 May 2012, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Sixteenth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA 16) under the CBD, 30 April - 5 May 2012, ICAO headquarters, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD SBSTTA 15, 7-11 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the Seventh Meeting of the Ad Hoc Open-ended Working Group on Article 8(j) and Related Provisions (Article 8(j) WG 7) of the CBD, 31 October - 4 November 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of the First Meeting of the Open-ended Ad Hoc Intergovernmental Committee for the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ICNP-1), 5-10 June 2011, Montreal, Canada
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 10, 18-29 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP-MOP 5, 11-15 October 2010, Nagoya, Japan
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 9, 19-30 May 2008, Bonn, Germany
*IISD RS coverage of CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at CBD COP 8, 20-31 March 2006, Curitiba, Brazil
*IISD RS biodiversity and wildlife page
*Biodiversity-L - A mailing list for news on biodiversity and wildlife policy
*Biodiversity Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing International Biodiversity Policy
*SIDS Policy and Practice - A Knowledgebase on the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States
*Sustainable Energy Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of Sustainable Energy Activities
*Sustainable Development Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of International Activities Preparing for the UN Conference on Sustainable Development
*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy
*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
*African Regional Coverage
*Latin America and Caribbean Regional Coverage
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