Home > COP 2016

UN Biodiversity Conference - Mainstreaming Biodiversity for Well-Being

2-17 December 2016 | Cancún, Mexico

Summary Highlights of the Meeting

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2 Dec
3 Dec
4 Dec
5 Dec
6 Dec
7 Dec
8 Dec
9 Dec
12 Dec
13 Dec
14 Dec
15 Dec
16 Dec
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Daily Web CoverageAbout | 2 Dec | 3 Dec | 4 Dec | 5 Dec | 6 Dec | 7 Dec | 8 Dec | 9 Dec
12 Dec | 13 Dec | 14 Dec | 15 Dec | 16 Dec | 17 Dec | Summary


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President, gavelled the meeting to a close at 5:03 am

IISD Reporting Services - COP 2016 Visit the full ENB+ web coverage for Saturday and Sunday, 17 and 18 December 2016

On Saturday, 17 December, Working Groups met in the morning to address outstanding items, including on the guidelines on prior informed consent and benefit-sharing from the use of traditional knowledge, and adopt their reports. An afternoon plenary addressed organizational matters and adopted decisions on all substantive agenda items. At 6 pm plenary was suspended to allow for the budget negotiations to conclude. It is expected to reconvene at 9:30 pm.

Update 00:20 am: Budget negotiations continue, plenary to resume at 1:30 am
Update 03:00 am: Plenary still awaits the outcome of budget negotiations
Update 04:15 am: Plenary still waiting
Update 04:50 am: Plenary resumes
Update 05:03 am: Plenary was gavelled to a close

IISD Reporting Services, through its ENB Meeting Coverage, has provided daily web coverage, daily reports and a summary and analysis report from the UN Biodiversity Conference. The summary and analysis report is available in HTML and PDF.
Photos by IISD/ENB | Francis Dejon
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Highlights for Saturday and Sunday, 17 and 18 December 2016


David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD Secretariat, gives a warm hug to
CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias


Plenary


CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President



Elizabeth Mrema, UNEP


David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD



Theresa Mundita Lim, the Philippines, incoming SBSTTA Chair


Fumiko Nakao, Japan


Participants from the Global Youth Biodiversity Network (GYBN)


Cancun Children's Choir entertaining COP 13 participants


L-R: David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD; Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President;
and CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias


L-R: Sergei Melnov, Rapporteur (Belarus); Worku Damena Yifru, CBD Secretariat; Valerie Normand, CBD Secretariat; David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD; Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President; Manoela Pessoa de Miranda, CBD Secretariat
and Ailis Rego, CBD Secretariat


Traditional Mexican Mariachi band at the close of COP 13

Highlights for Friday, 16 December 2016

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On Friday, 16 December, delegates addressed draft decisions on several agenda items, including: unintentional transboundary movements, transit, risk assessment and management of living modified organisms (LMOs), and assessment and review under the Cartagena Protocol; capacity building under the Convention and the Protocols; the financial mechanism; cooperation with other conventions; mainstreaming; synthetic biology; guidelines on prior informed consent (PIC) and benefit-sharing under Article 8(j); and ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs). Following agreement in the Friends of the Chair group, two draft decisions were approved on establishing a process for the consideration of digital sequence information on genetic resources in the next biennium under the Convention and the Nagoya Protocol. A contact group on the financial mechanism and the budget group met throughout the day. WG deliberations and informal consultations continued into the night.


Indigenous peoples and local communities representatives and supporters staged a walkout during the afternoon
session of WG II


Indigenous peoples and local communities representatives staged a sit-in protest at the main hall of the
COP 13 venue


WG I Chair Mette Gervin Damsgaard (Denmark)


Delegates from WG I consulting


L-R: WG II Chair Malta Qwathekana (South Africa) and Lisa Janishevski, CBD Secretariat


Delegates from Uganda and Mexico consulting


L-R: Pedro Ivo Arriegas, and Marco Rebello, Portugal


Conference room attendants

Highlights for Thursday, 15 December 2016

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On Thursday, delegates continued consideration of draft decisions in Working Groups (WG), contact groups and Friends of the Chair groups. WG I addressed draft decisions on financial resources and mechanism, capacity building, and public awareness, resource mobilization, and compliance under the Cartagena Protocol, among others. WG II considered draft decisions on: ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs); synthetic biology; and national reports. Contact groups and Friends of the Chair groups met throughout the day to address: transboundary movements of living modified organisms (LMOs); Article 8(j) (traditional knowledge); capacity building; digital sequence information on genetic resources; EBSAs; synergies; financial mechanism; a global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism under the Nagoya Protocol; risk assessment of LMOs; and the budget.


Flash Event: No to the Plunder of Our Territories! Yes to indigenous peoples' and community conserved
territories and areas (ICCAs) —Territories of Life!



Nneka Nicholas, Antigua and Barbuda


Ruben Dekker, EU



Ágnes Fejes, Hungary


Eleni Tokaduadua, Fiji


L-R: Victoria Lichtschein, Ana Julia Gutierrez Telleria, and Marcia Levaggi, Argentina

Highlights for Wednesday, 14 December 2016

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On Wednesday, 14 December, delegates continued negotiations on draft decisions in the Working Groups (WG), contact groups, and Friends of the Chair groups. WG I addressed draft decisions under the Cartagena Protocol on: the roster of experts; cooperation with other conventions; the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH); socioeconomic considerations; and assessment and review. WG I further addressed draft decisions under the Nagoya Protocol on: cooperation with other conventions; the ABS Clearing-House; and the financial mechanism. WG II addressed a draft decision on ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs). Contact groups and Friends of the Chair groups met throughout the day to address: Article 8(j) (traditional knowledge); risk assessment and risk management of living modified organisms (LMOs); mainstreaming; synergies; capacity building; the financial mechanism; and sequence information on genetic resources.


Delegates from WG I consulting



Antonietta Gutiérrez-Rosati, Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina, Peru

Felipe Costa, Brazil


Anne-Gabrielle Wüst-Saucy, Switzerland



François Lengrand, France


Eugenia Arguedas, Costa Rica


Anthony Foronda, ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB)


L-R: Mark Zimsky and Yoko Watanabe, Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Highlights for Tuesday, 13 December 2016

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On Tuesday, 13 December, an afternoon plenary held an interactive dialogue on “Living in Harmony with Nature.” Delegates also approved Egypt as host of COP 14 and related Protocol meetings; and Turkey as host of COP 16 and Protocol meetings. Working Group I approved, with minor amendments, a conference room paper (CRP) on progress in the implementation of the awareness-raising strategy; and further addressed CRPs on capacity building under the Nagoya Protocol and the Cartagena Protocol. Working Group II approved, with minor amendments, CRPs on: key scientific and technical needs related to Strategic Plan implementation, including voluntary guidance to improve the accessibility of biodiversity-related data and information; and the glossary under Article 8(j) (traditional knowledge). Working Group II further addressed invasive alien species, and biodiversity and human health.

Deliberations continued in contact groups and Friends of the Chair groups on: mainstreaming; unintentional transboundary movement of living modified organisms; financial resources; synergies; synthetic biology; capacity building; and the budget.



Neva Collings, IIFB


Sonia Peña Moreno, IUCN


Delegates from Morocco consulting



Vicky Tauli-Corpuz, Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


Peninah Zaninka, Batwa Community, Uganda



Dana Perls, Friends of the Earth


Lily Rodriguez, International Union of Biological Sciences (IUBS)


Juan Mateos, National Coordinator for COP 13, Mexico



Adem Bilgin, Turkey, announced that Turkey will host COP 16


Khaled Fahmy, Minister of Environment, Egypt
, announced that Egypt will host COP 14

Highlights for Monday, 12 December 2016

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On Monday, 12 December, WG I approved without, or with minor discussion, conference room papers (CRPs) on: Cartagena Protocol Article 30 (subsidiary bodies); review of progress towards Aichi Target 16 on the Nagoya Protocol; and monitoring and reporting, and use of the term “indigenous peoples and local communities” under the Cartagena Protocol. WG I further heard reports from contact groups and addressed CRPs on: Strategic Plan implementation; compliance under the Nagoya Protocol; integration among the Convention and its Protocols; the Supplementary Protocol on liability and redress under the Cartagena Protocol; assessment and review under the Nagoya Protocol; and the communications strategy.

WG II approved without, or with minor discussion, CRPs on the in-depth dialogue on thematic areas and other cross-cutting issues, best-practice guidelines on TK repatriation, and scientific assessment of progress towards selected Aichi Targets. WG II further addressed: implementation of Aichi Targets 11 (protected areas) and 12 (threatened species); the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) and IPBES; indicators; and invasive alien species.

Contact groups and Friends of the Chair groups met throughout the day to address: capacity building; unintentional transboundary movements under the Cartagena Protocol; sequence information on genetic resources; global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism under the Nagoya Protocol; biodiversity mainstreaming; the financial mechanism; and synergies.


Front: Hamdallah Zedan, Egypt and former CBD Executive Secretary; Enrique Lendo, Mexico; Juan Mateos,
National Coordinator for COP 13, Mexico; Khaled Fahmy, Minister of Environment, Egypt;
and Worku Damena Yifru, CBD Secretariat


L-R: Contact Group Co-Chairs Maria Schultz, Sweden, and Alfred Oteng-Yeboah, Ghana, reported on the
contact group on capacity building


L-R: Korsheda Yasmeen, Nurul Karim, Mohammed Solaiman Haider, and AKM Rafiqul Islam, Bangladesh


L-R: Helmut Gaugitsch, Elfriede Anna More, and Andreas Meissenberger, Austria


Delegates from Malaysia consulting

Highlights for Friday, 9 December 2016

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On Friday, WG I approved without, or with minor discussion, conference room papers on the SBI modus operandi and mechanisms to support review of implementation under the Convention and its Protocols. WG I further addressed: unintentional transboundary movements, and transit and contained use, of LMOs; and review of implementation of the Strategic Plan. WG II addressed: pollinators; forest biodiversity; biodiversity and climate change; ecosystem restoration; and progress towards Aichi Targets 11 (protected areas) and 12 (threatened species). Contact groups on resource mobilization, the financial mechanism, and risk assessment of LMOs met throughout the day. An evening plenary reviewed progress, adopted decisions and addressed organizational issues.


Captain Hook Awards at COP 13 organized by the Coalition Against Biopiracy


Delegates from China and Peru with CBD Secretariat, pose for a group picture to celebrate China's
hosting of COP 15



Hayria Mohamed, Comoros


Leticia Rubello, Grupo Ecologista del
Mayab A.C. (GEMA)


Lim Li Ching, Third World Network (TWN)



Anselmina Liphola, Mozambique


Shirin Karryeva, Turkmenistan


Soul Lee, Republic of Korea


L-R: Willy Tonui; Josphat Muchiri; and Kavaka Mukonyi, Kenya

Highlights for Thursday, 8 December 2016

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On Thursday, WG I addressed: cooperation with other conventions and organizations; a global multilateral benefit-sharing mechanism under the Nagoya Protocol; and socioeconomic considerations, liability and redress, risk assessment and risk management, and unintentional transboundary movement of LMOs under the Cartagena Protocol. WG II approved without, or with minor discussion, conference room papers (CRPs) on sustainable wildlife management, UNPFII recommendations and climate-related geo-engineering. WG II further addressed marine debris and underwater noise, marine spatial planning, biodiversity in cold-water areas and pollinators.

The budget group met in the morning. Contact groups on resource mobilization, capacity building, the financial mechanism, synthetic biology and Article 8(j) met throughout the day.


Delegates from Africa consulting


COP 13 delegates from ASEAN region


Chair Mette Gervin Damsgaard (Denmark) presiding over WG I



Claudio Chiarolla, World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)


Kent Nnadozie, Secretary, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGR)


L-R: Robert Höft, CBD Secretariat and WG II Chair Malta Qwathekana (South Africa)



Reneé Sauvé, Canada


Alain De Comarmond, Seychelles


L-R: Victor Canton, Anna Laura Mello, and Alejandro Nario Carvalho, Uruguay

Highlights for Wednesday, 7 December 2016

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On Wednesday, WG I had morning, afternoon and evening sessions to discuss: the financial mechanism under the Convention and its Protocols; capacity building under the Convention and its Protocols; awareness raising under the Nagoya Protocol; public awareness, education and participation under the Cartagena Protocol; the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH); the ABS Clearing-House; modus operandi under the Convention and its Protocols; integration among the Convention and its Protocols; and cooperation with other conventions and organizations. WG II addressed items related to Article 8(j) (traditional knowledge), the sixth national reports, the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO) and indicators.

The budget group met in the morning. Contact groups on ecologically or biologically sensitive marine areas (EBSAs) and synthetic biology met in the evening. Friends of the Chair groups addressed invasive alien species and resource mobilization.


WG I dais



Fuatino Leota, Samoa


Raed Bani Hani, Jordan



Jafar Barmaki, Iran


Jones Muleso Kharika, South Africa



Jennifer Corpuz, the Philippines


Roxana Solis, Peru


L-R: Mayra Sagui, Gloria Marina Apén Gonzalez, and Zonia Zacarias, Guatemala


L-R: Victoria Romero, IUCN and Harry Jonas, IUCN/Natural Justice

Highlights for Tuesday, 6 December 2016

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On Tuesday, 6 December, Working Group I discussed: implementation of Aichi Target 16 on the Nagoya Protocol; the third assessment and review of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety; monitoring and reporting under the Cartagena Protocol; compliance under both Protocols; assessment and review under the Nagoya Protocol; and resource mobilization and the financial mechanism under the Convention and both its Protocols. WG II addressed: invasive alien species (IAS); synthetic biology; pollinators; geoengineering; sustainable wildlife management; mainstreaming biodiversity; biodiversity and climate change; forest biodiversity; ecosystem restoration; progress towards Aichi Targets 11 (protected areas) and 12 (threatened species); and biodiversity and human health. Contact groups on IAS, ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs) and synthetic biology met throughout the day.


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President with Mexican youth volunteers


Meeting point at COP 13 featuring a video wall on biodiversity



Wadzi Mandivenyi, South Africa


Dubrovka Stepic, Croatia


Mariana Bellot, Mexico


WG II dais


Leina Al-Awadhi, Kuwait


Ricarda Steinbrecher, Federation of German Scientists


ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity booth

Highlights for Monday, 5 December 2016

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On Monday morning, plenary heard statements from participants and high-level representatives, including the President of Mexico. In the afternoon, WG I reviewed progress towards implementation of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and achievement of the Aichi Targets. WG II addressed issues related to marine and coastal biodiversity, including ecologically or biologically significant marine areas, biodiversity and acidification in cold-water areas, marine debris and underwater noise, and marine spatial planning; and started deliberations on invasive alien species.


L-R: Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director, UN Environment; Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico;
and CBD Executive Secretary
Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias



Cancun Children's Choir performing at COP 13 plenary


L-R: Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director, UN Environment; Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico; CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias; and Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President



Carlos Manuel Joaquín González, Governor of the State of Quintana Roo, Mexico


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President



Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director, UN Environment


CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias


Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico

Highlights for Sunday, 4 December 2016

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Following the conclusion of the High-Level Segment (HLS) and adoption of the Cancun Declaration, the main part of the UN Biodiversity Conference started in the afternoon of Sunday, 4 December, with opening plenaries of the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 13) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the eighth meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (CP/COP-MOP 8) and the second meeting of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (NP/COP-MOP 2).

Plenaries addressed organizational matters, and heard reports and opening statements. Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico, was elected President of COP 13, CP/COP-MOP 8 and NP/COP-MOP 2. Mette Gervin Damsgaard (Denmark) and Skumsa Mancotywa (South Africa) were elected Chairs of Working Group I and Working Group II, respectively.


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico, accepts the COP 13
Presidency from Chun Kyoo Park, Director-General, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of Environment,
Republic of Korea


View of the plenary


L-R: David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD Secretariat; Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, President of COP 13; Chun Kyoo Park, Director-General, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea; Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD); Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director, UN Environment; and Cristiana Pașca Palmer, Minister of Environment, Water and Forests, Romania, and incoming CBD Executive Secretary



Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, President of COP 13


Chun Kyoo Park, on behalf of COP 12 Presidency



Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, CBD Executive Secretary


Ibrahim Thiaw, Deputy Executive Director, UN Environment


Cristiana Pașca Palmer, Minister of Environment, Water and Forests, Romania,
and incoming CBD Executive Secretary


James Kaliisa and Grecia Barcena, Global Youth Biodiversity Network (GYBN)

Highlights for Saturday, 3 December 2016

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The HLS met for its final day on Saturday, 3 December, with delegates convening in two parallel roundtable discussions on forests, and fisheries and aquaculture in the morning. In the afternoon, delegates met in a closing plenary to adopt the Cancún Declaration on Mainstreaming the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity for Well-Being. A number of countries also highlighted their enhanced actions towards fulfilling the Aichi Targets under the umbrella of the Cancún Coalitions and Commitments for Enhanced Implementation. HLS Chair Pacchiano gaveled the meeting to a close at 6:34 pm.


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico, gaveling the
meeting to a close at 6:34 pm.


David Cooper, Deputy Executive Secretary, CBD Secretariat, congratulates Rafael Pacchiano Alamán,
Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico, at the conclusion of the HLS


Participants at the High-Level Segment Roundtable on Fishery


José Calzada, Minister of Agriculture, Mexico and Jihyun Lee, CBD Secretariat


Jorge Rescala, General Director, National Forest Commission, Mexico, opened the roundtable on forestry


Jorge Rescala, General Director, National Forest Commission, Mexico


High-Level Segment participants

Highlights for Friday, 2 December 2016

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On Friday, 2 December 2016, the High-Level Segment (HLS) of the thirteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP13) opened in Cancún, Mexico. Ministers and Heads of Delegation met in plenary in the morning. Two roundtables on agriculture and tourism convened in parallel in the afternoon, moderated by José Calzada, Minister of Agriculture, Mexico and Enrique de la Madrid, Minister of Tourism, Mexico, respectively.

The fourth Midori Prize for Biodiversity honoring outstanding contributions to conservation and sustainable use at local and global levels was awarded to Alfonso Aguirre-Muñoz, Grupo de Ecología y Conservación de Islas, Mexico; Yury Darman, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Russia; and Vandana Shiva, Founder and Director, Navdanya, India.


View of the High-Level Segment plenary



Chun Kyoo Park, Director-General, Nature Conservation Bureau, Ministry of Environment, Republic of Korea


Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, Minister of Environment and Natural Resources, Mexico



Helen Clark, Administrator,
UN Development Programme (UNDP)


Miguel Ruíz Cabañas, Vice-Minister of
Multilatreal Affairs and Human Rights,
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mexico


Naoko Ishii,
CEO and Chairperson, Global Environment Facility (GEF)



Erik Solheim, Executive Director, UN Environment Programme (UNEP)


Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, Executive Secretary, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)


Cristiana Pașca Palmer, Minister of Environment, Water and Forests, Romania,
and incoming Executive Secretary, CBD


L-R: Midori Prize winners Alfonso Aguirre-Muñoz, Grupo de Ecología y Conservación de Islas, Mexico; Yury Darman,
World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Russia; and Vandana Shiva, Founder and Director, Navdanya, India


Delegates at the roundtable on tourism

COP 13 Snapshots

CBD Secretariat staff


CBD Executive Secretary Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias, with ENB/IISD Reporting Services team


CBD Secretariat with UN and local staff



Rafael Pacchiano Alamán, COP 13 President, enjoying the Mariachi entertainment while waiting
for plenary to reconvene


Traditional Mexican Mariachi band


Delegates from Australia and New Zealand


Delegates from Mexico


Delegates from ETC Group, Econexus, Federation of German Scientists, and Friends of the Earth International


CBD Secretariat staff







Daily Web CoverageAbout | 2 Dec | 3 Dec | 4 Dec | 5 Dec | 6 Dec | 7 Dec | 8 Dec | 9 Dec
12 Dec | 13 Dec | 14 Dec | 15 Dec | 16 Dec | 17 Dec | Summary
Specific funding for coverage of the UN Biodiversity Conference has been provided by the Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico (SEMARNAT), the European Union (EU), and the Ministry of the Environment of Finland
SEMARNAT EU Ministry of the Environment of Finland

IISD Reporting Services is grateful to the many donors of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) and recognizes the following as core contributors to the ENB: the European Union, the Government of Switzerland (the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN)), the Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea, and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. General Support for the Bulletin during 2016 is provided by the Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (BMLFUW), the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, SWAN International, the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Japanese Ministry of Environment (through the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies - IGES), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC). Funding for translation of the Bulletin into French has been provided by the Government of France, the Wallonia, Québec, and the International Organization of La Francophonie/Institute for Sustainable Development of La Francophonie (IOF/IFDD).