First Meeting of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Cartegena Protocol (ICCP1)
Première Réunion du Comité Intergouvernemental pour le Protocole de Cartegena
Tuesday 12 December 2000
Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher, Ethiopia, faces his peers after achieving the Nobel Prize alternative for his action of mobilizing developing countries in the control of GMOs and the preservation of biodiversity. Tewolde was received by the Conseil General, Department Herault, France.
Earlier, delegates met in two working groups throughout the day. Working Group I (WG-I) discussed proposals on the pilot phase of the Biosafety Clearing-House (BCH) and then started addressing handling, transport, packaging and identification. A contact group met in the afternoon to continue discussing the BCH. Working Group II (WG-II) finalized initial discussions on capacity building, decision-making procedures and compliance.
Reception for Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher
Peers from the Cartegena Protocol delegations, CBD Secretariat, NGOs and civil society gathered to honor Tewolde Berhan Gebre Egziabher, recipient of the Nobel Prize alternate at the Department Herault, Consul General in Montpellier. Opening addresses were given, followed by anecdotal comments of congratulations from the floor.
Tewolde shared his happiness with his colleagues, and encouraged continued progress in the spirit of collaboration and humanitarianism.
Information Session About Labeling
Solagral, a French NGO focused on international regulations on agriculture, environment and development, hosted a morning side-event about practical, political and scientific issues surrounding labeling. Panelists included consultant David Hathaway, Brazil, microbiologist Isabelle Hippolyte, CIRAD, Solagral, France; and François Pythoud, Swiss Delegation; alongside co-chairs Pierre Castella and Katell Le Goulven, Solagral.
David Hathaway noted the who, what, when, where, and
how’s of labeling GMO/LMOs. Salient
issues include the need for public knowledge of the presence or
involvement of GMO/LMOs in food production on the basis of making informed
political/religio-spiritual/health decisions about consumption; policy
options for governments in labeling positively (e.g. “this food contains
GMO/LMO products”), negatively (e.g. “this food is GMO/LMO free”),
or ambiguously (e.g. “this food may contain GMO/LMO products”); and
that market forces and public consciousness can expedite policy
development in some cases.
Isabelle Hippolyte presented scientific parameters of
testing for GMO presence or involvement in food production: an antibody-antigene
process test producing a chomotographic protein separation which can
easily be compared with control group results from known organisms; and
gene testing through amplification of gene reproduction, which can rely on
comparative quantification of genetic sequencing of unknown and
genetically-related known organisms. Hippolyte noted that science can detect, quantify and analyze the
presence of GMOs in any product and European policies exist which have
quantified thresholds, but science is limited by lack of research and
reference materials in this field, and
difficulty in identifying or quantifying highly diluted GMO levels, or
GMOs in heavily produced products.
Pythoud, Swiss Delegation, underscored the considerable progress made in
the past two years bringing identification and labeling to the forefont,
however work remains to be done on how to define GMOs. Though there are many details to be ironed out, Pythoud assured
that the existence of the Protocol was indicative of countries’ will and
desire to continue discussing these issues.
The Information Systems of UNIDO and OECD
Peter Kearns, Environment Directorate - Biotechnology, OECD, presented the BIO-BIN, a joint UNIDO/OECD project and common resource for harmonization in biotechnology.BIO-BIN is a project of cooperation between OECD's BioTrack for OECD Member countries, and UNIDO's BINAS (Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service) which focuses on UN Member States and non-OECD Member countries; both of which are repositories for information on authorities, commercial releases and field trials of GMOs and documentation related to safety in biotechnology.
The information resource can be found at http://www.oecd.org/ehs/biobin/ .
SCBD Strategic Plan for 2002-2010
Sam Johnston outlined SCBD's need to develop a Strategic Plan for the next decade, highlighting process timelines to formulate, draft, discuss, revise and prepare an initial Plan by next year.
Questions raised included the length, differentiating between the Plan and the LTPW, the main focus of the Plan, the overall purpose of the Plan and its relation to existing programmes of work, and the relationship it will have with the Protocol.
LMO Labeling in the Architecture of International Standards
Tewolde Gebre Egzhiaber, Ethiopia, noted that the Protocol provides a basis for effective labeling of LMOs, including commodities, but it is not sufficient on its own. He noted the need for active government involvement to develop labeling standards at the national for contained use and transit as well as in the future under the Protocol for LMO commodities. He also noted that developing countries support labeling of all LMOs, because they have less capacity to deal with emergencies and their environmentï¿½s are more conducive to the survival of foreign organisms.
Patrice Dauchet, French Ministry of Finance and Industry, reviewed the history of labeling in the EU and ongoing activities under the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Marijane Lisboa, Greenpeace International, highlighted activities at the WTO Ministerial in Seattle related to biotechnology and growing public concern over labeling and environmental and food safety. Joï¿½o Magalhï¿½es and Doaa Abdel Motaal, World Trade Organization (WTO), discussed WTO disputes (Thailand vs. Egypt on tuna fish in GM soya oil) and the WTOï¿½s Agreements on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) regarding questions of labeling and biotechnology. They also focused on issues of non-discrimination, like products and production and process methods. Stï¿½phane Guï¿½neau, SOLAGRAL, noted the importance of traceability and harmonizing standards, as well as the lack of a conflict resolution mechanism under the Protocol.