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  UNFCCC - COP5 Negotiations Wednesday, 3 November
Breaking the Impasse: Forging an EU Leadership Initiative on Climate Change

Dr. Sebastian Oberthür, Ecologic Berlin, and Dr. Hermann E. Ott, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy, outlined their proposal for a "European Union Leadership Initiative on Climate Change". The discussants were Bill Hare, Greenpeace International, and Lydia Popova, a leading environmental activist from the Russian Federation.

In our RealAudio presentation Oberthür and Ott outline their proposal and Bill Hare responds.

  • A deep depression: Hermann Ott explains the origins of the Leadership Initiative proposal, which took shape as Ott and Oberthür completed work on their book, The Kyoto Protocol: International Climate Policy for the 21st Century (1999).
  • A call for leadership: Sebastian Oberthür explains the authors' reasons for doubting that effective climate policies will be implemented without the leadership of the European Union.
  • The EU can do it with a little help from its friends: Ott describes how a coalition of countries led by the European Union and Japan can bring about the Entry into Force of the Kyoto Protocol. The proposal includes suggestions for bringing the Russian Federation and economies in transition on board.
  • Decarbonization begins at home: Oberthür underlines the fundamental importance of domestic implementation and leading by example in international environmental agreements. This thought lies behind the proposal's call for early domestic action by the EU.
  • Adaptation, not alienation: Ott outlines the proposal's call for a constructive engagement with developing countries, commencing with an offer by industrialized countries to address adaptation needs in non Annex-l countries. He described the US position on developing country participation as "deeply alienating."
  • When a good idea is in the air: Bill Hare, Greenpeace International, welcomes the call for a European Union Leadership initiative and describes how he anticipated a number of its elements in his own thinking.

Useful Contacts:

Hermann Ott: hermann.ott@wupperinst.org Web site: http://www.wupperinst.org
Heinrich-Böll-stiftung: info@boell.de Web site: http://www.boell.de


Hermann E. Ott, Acting Head of Climate Policy Division, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

Ott and Lydia Popova

The European Bubble was one of the early signs of leadership by the European
Union in the climate change negotiations. Has the time come for a new leadership initiative ?
Youths champion the nuclear option

How much CO2 do you think is being avoided by the use of nuclear power in Europe annually? This is the question that the European Nuclear Society (http://www.euronuclear.org) in collaboration with the 'Young Generation' posed outside the Martitim Hotel. They stress that nuclear generation is already avoiding global carbon emissions and said that currently the electricity generated by nuclear power stations in the EU avoids 800 million tonnes of CO2 each year. To demonstrate this, 800 balloons formed an arch overhead to symbolize the significant role of nuclear power generation. The demonstrators emphasized a balanced energy mix of all available energy sources and said every country should be able to find its own balance.

Their shirts bore the motto "Nuclear for climate protection - phase out something else, not nuclear power." The balloons read "Package for Saving--800 million tonnes of CO2 saved each year in the EU."
Clean Energy 2000

The World Meteorological Organization in collaboration with the International Clean Energy Consortium (ICEC) sponsored this event in order to launch the CLEAN ENERGY 2000 Conference and Exhibition, which will be held in Geneva from 24-29 January 2000. Technical, legal, fiscal and financial solutions will be presented at the Millennium Conference to help accelerate the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol. Participants will discuss how adequate measures can be taken to accelerate the development of the clean energy economy in industrialized as well as in developing countries and how more jobs this process can create. A new energy planning methodology and ISO standard for action-oriented steps towards a sustainable energy economy will be introduced. More information available by contacting conference@cleanenergy2000.com or visiting http://www.cleanenergy2000.com/

Above photo: Gustav Grob (left) and Abdolreya Metghalchi (right), World Sustainable Energy Coalition

A business perspective on the Kyoto Mechanisms
Peter Vis, Environmental Delegate of the EC, explains the importance of maintaining trading control over CDM credits and underlines the need to substantively define supplementarity under Article 17 of the Kyoto Protocol. The side event, "A business perspective of Kyoto mechanisms", was hosted by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), with speakers representing the ICC, the United States Council for International Business (USCIB), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and an advisor in international environmental and scientific affairs.
Desertification and Climate Change-making the links

Simon Khaya Moyo, Minister of Mines, Environment and Tourism, Zimbabwe, Mohamed Ag Erlaf, Minister of the Environment, Mali and Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary of the Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD), convened a press conference to highlight the interlinkages between climate change and desertification.

They stressed that climate change will affect drylands by impacting on water supplies and addressed heat extremes, the humidity and temperature of soils, and agricultural production. At the same time, deforestation and dryland degradation are influencing local climates, the global carbon cycle, and the albedo effect. Diallo stressed that the UNCCD and the UNFCCC can contribute to each other's objectives. For example, the introduction of renewable energy technologies can cut GHG emissions while easing pressure on the drylands by providing an alternative to unsustainable biomass fuels.

Simon Khaya Moyo, Minister of Mines, Environment and Tourism, Zimbabwe; Mohamed Ag Erlaf, Minister of the Environment, Mali and Hama Arba Diallo, Executive Secretary of the CCD
Mohamed Ag Erlaf, Minister of Environment, Mali
The front of the Maritim was closed off after an unidentified man threw eggs and paint at members of one of the COP delegations. The assailant was apprehended and it is not thought that the incident was related to the Conference.

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