John Drexhage, IISD, said that the Climate Change Knowledge Network (CCTN) consistes of 12 research institutes from developing and developed countries and provides a forum for rigorous research on means to address climate change. He said research focuses on climate change issues, including adaptation, technology transfer and capacity building.
Jo-Ellen Parry, IISD, summarized some of the CCTN's activities, including capacity-building workshops in Africa and Latin America and projects addressing vulnerability and adaptation issues. She noted a project that focuses on identifying climate change impacts on India's agricultural sector.
Moussa Cisse, ENDA, introduced the book "Seeing the light: Adapting to climate change with decentralized renewable energy in developing countries," which will be released in February 2004. He said the book aims to raise awareness of the contributions that CDM projects can make to mitigation and adaptation, and CDM project design for integrating mitigation and adaptation. Cisse observed that the book highlights the positive contribution of decentralized renewable energy in addressing climate change, and summarizes case studies in Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Senegal and Zimbabwe.
Leonidas Osvaldo Girardin, Bariloche Foundation, explained that in Argentina, 30% of the rural population and 2% of the urban population do not have access to electricity. He noted a rural renewable energy project supported by the World Bank, GEF and government funds. He observed that the project illustrates that rural electrification mitigates greenhouse gas emissions, improves livelihoods, creates social opportunities, and builds capacity in rural communities.
Norbert Nziramasanga, Southern Centre for Energy and Environment, noted that Zimbabwe's case study shows ways to overcome obstacles relating to wind power, including cost-inefficiency, high maintenance, and non-versatile machines. Nziramasanga said that the technology transfer for wind power was successful because the systems were adapted to local needs, and local staff were trained to operate and maintain the machines. He noted that wind technology also has potential for water pumping and refrigeration.
Ijaz Hossain, Bangladesh, noted the importance of cooking technologies for diminishing biomass consumption, and land degradation in Bangladesh. He said that the CDM should avoid funding projects that cause land degradation and stated that decentralized renewable energy projects could be successfully implemented.
Angela Oliveira da Costa, presented a case study in Brazil that aims to supply electricity to two rural communities in the Amazon region. She explained that this project involves a fuel switch from diesel to biodiesel, which is produced from vegetal oils. She said the project has the potential to generate income, create jobs, reduce carbon emissions and diversify the electricity mix.
Moussa Cisse, ENDA, focused on a solar power case study in Senegal that adapts solar power systems to local conditions and improves water and electricity supplies. He noted that the project addresses issues relating to rural poverty, sustainable development, and mitigation and adaptation activities.