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Twelfth Session of the Subsidiary Bodies of the UNFCCC
Bonn, Germany; 5 - 16 June 2000

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Monday, 5 June:

The week of informal meetings preceding the twelfth sessions of the subsidiary bodies (SB-12) of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) began with an initial briefing by the Chairs of the subsidiary bodies. Following this, a workshop was convened to consider the Protocol mechanisms, and informal meetings were held to address: guidelines on Protocol Articles 5 (methodological issues), 7 (communication of information) and 8 (review of information); FCCC Article 4.8 and 4.9 and Protocol Article 3.14 (adverse effects); and land use, land-use change and forestry

Opening Plenary

Michael Zammit Cutujar, [above left] Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, welcomed participants to SB-12, and reminded delegates of the Secretariat's role in facilitating and encouraging capacity building activities.

On the issue of technology transfer, Harald Dovland (Norway) [above left], Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), noted that the Friends of the Chair group, established at a previous SBSTA session, could accept more members, and would at some stage become a contact group, possibly at SB-13.

John Ashe (Antigua & Barbuda) [above right], Chair of the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI), said the goal of the informal meetings was to make substantial progress and provide textual proposals for the formal SB-12 sessions, taking place from 12-16 June. He noted that the week's informal discussions would address: guidelines under Protocol Articles 5,7 and 8; the Protocol mechanisms; compliance; FCCC Article 4.8 and 4.9 and Protocol Article 3.14; policies and measures; land use, land-use change and forestry; and the development and transfer of technology.

Nigeria, on behalf of the G-77/China, stated that the issue of technology transfer should be put on par with other issues, and to facilitate this he requested that the Friends of the Chair be made a joint contact group.
Guidelines Under Articles 5, 7 and 8 of the Kyoto Protocol

Co-Chair Plume identified the objectives of the meeting as finalizing the guidelines under Article 5.1 (national systems), and making progress on the guidelines under Article 8 (review of information) and methodologies under Article 5.2 (adjustments). She proposed convening two subgroups to address these objectives. In response to a request by the EU, she agreed to hold a session to exchange views on Article 7 (communication of information).

Co-Chair Paciornik suggested that the issue of national inventories making reference to monitoring of legal entities and/or projects under Articles 6 (joint implementation) and 17 (emissions trading) be considered further at the meeting scheduled on cross-cutting issues.

Co-Chairs Helen Plume (New Zealand) [left] and Newton Paciornik (Brazil) [right].

Takahiko Hiraishi, [above] of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)
Co-Chair Hiraishi (IPCC) presented the Special Report on Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories. Co-Chair Plume noted that a side event will be devoted to it during SB-12.
Articles 4.8 and 4.9 of the Convention and Article 3.14 of the Protocol : Adverse Effects

Co-Chair Reza Salamat (Iran) proposed discussing FCCC Article 4.8 and 4.9 on Monday, and Protocol Article 3.14 and procedural issues on Wednesday. He urged delegates to build on the conclusions of the technical workshops held in March.

Mohammed Reza Salamat (Iran) [above left] and Bo Kjellen (Sweden) [right].

Mechanisms Pursuant to Articles 6, 12 and 17 of the Protocol

Chow Kok Kee (Malaysia) [second from the left]

Workshop Chair Kok Kee Chow (Malaysia) identified the key features of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) based on work done on the mechanisms since COP-5. He outlined the following steps in the CDM project cycle: project identification and design; independent assessment of project design; project submission to the Executive Board; monitoring; independent assessment and verification of project performance; and identification and distribution of certified emission reduction units (CERs).

Land-Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry
Co-Chair Halldor Thorgeirsson (Iceland) identified key issues to be addressed during SB-12, including: consideration of the IPCC Special Report; preparation of Parties' submissions on land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF), which SBSTA-11 requested by 1 August 2000; and draft elements of decisions for COP-6. Regarding Parties' submissions, he noted a decision taken at SBSTA-11 that SBSTA-12 consider reporting formats for the submission of historical data and, where applicable, projections.
Co-Chair Halldor Thorgeirsson (Iceland) [centre]

In the corridors
Delegates expressed mixed views on the expected nature of the informal meetings. While some felt they were experiencing the "business as usual" atmosphere of formal subsidiary bodies meetings, others saw the week ahead as a confidence-building exercise. Although participants were cautious about predicting the extent of progress likely to be made on contentious issues before SB-12, many were generally optimistic

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