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Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2018

30 April - 10 May 2018 | Bonn, Germany

Summary Highlights, 30 April - 10 May 2018

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Delegates attending the Bonn Climate Change Conference 2018


Highlights for Thursday, 10 May 2018

The Bonn Climate Change Conference ended on Thursday as each of the three bodies adopted conclusions for most of the issues on their agendas and agreed to future work, including at the next meeting in Bangkok, Thailand.

There were mixed views on progress made on the issues related to finalizing the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), the set of decisions that will help countries implement the Agreement. Some of the items discussed most in the closing statements were:

  • Transparency framework: There are different views on how the framework should help provide information on countries’ actions and support to developing countries, but many highlighted this issue as one needing further work.
  • Information on finance, especially provided by developed countries in advance of its provision: Many developing countries noted this issue is important to them in the overall PAWP package.
  • Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform (LCIP): Many countries and non-party stakeholders said they were disappointed with progress on this issue.
  • Action on Climate Empowerment (ACE): Parties agreed to a decision, the first issue completed in the PAWP, that will continue parties' and stakeholders' efforts on issues such as public participation, education, and access to information.

The PAWP is slated for conclusion in December 2018. At this meeting, parties agreed to several steps to move the work forward:

  • The Co-Chairs of all of the bodies will prepare a note that will consider all of the items and propose ways forward.
  • The Co-Chairs of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) will prepare a “tool” that will help parties develop an “agreed basis for negotiations.”
  • There will be an additional meeting in Bangkok devoted to the issues under the PAWP.

Parties adopted several decisions on issues related to the ongoing implementation of the UN Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, including the Koronivia joint work programme on agriculture, which includes a roadmap outlining the issues, workshops, and inputs of the work programme.

ENB SUMMARY AND ANALYSIS: The Earth Negotiations Bulletin summary and analysis of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April/May 2018 is available here.

IISD Reporting Services, through its Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) Meeting Coverage, provided daily digital coverage, daily reports, daily videos, and a summary and analysis report from the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April/May 2018. The summary and analysis report is now available in HTML and PDF.

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+ Visit the web coverage for Thursday, 10 May 2018


View of the dais during the closing plenary


Wael Aboulmagd, Egypt, speaking on behalf of the G-77/China

Boriana Kamenova, EU

Majid Shafie-Pour, Iran, speaking on behalf of the Like-minded Developing Countries (LMDCs)


Walter Schuldt Espinel, Ecuador

Franz Perrez, Switzerland, speaking on behalf of the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG)

MJ Mace, Saint Lucia, speaking on behalf of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS)


Halldór Thorgeirsson, Senior Director for Intergovernmental Affairs, UNFCCC


Highlights for Wednesday, 9 May 2018

At the Bonn Climate Change Conference, delegates worked to realize agreements on the second to last day. Negotiators concluded their consideration of several issues, while consideration of other issues, such as research and systemic observation and matters related to Article 6 of the Paris Agreement (cooperative approaches), continues.

To bring together the work related to several issues under the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) convened a contact group. During this meeting, the APA Co-Chairs proposed a way forward, which parties deliberated, revised, and eventually agreed to.

The Technical Expert Meeting on Adaptation (TEM-A) met throughout the day to discuss adaptation planning for vulnerable groups, communities, and ecosystems. The sixth Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment (ACE) continued, focusing on public participation, public access to information, and international cooperation.

The meeting is scheduled to close on Thursday, with conclusions expected on many issues.

+ Download the daily report for Wednesday, 9 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Wednesday, 9 May 2018


View of the dais during the APA contact group


Beth Lavender, Canada, Co-Facilitator for APA agenda item 4 - adaptation communication

Xiang Gao, China, Co-Facilitator for APA agenda item 5 - transparency framework

Janine Coye-Felson, Belize, Co-Facilitator for APA agenda item 7 - committee to facilitate implementation and promote compliance


APA Co-Chair Jo Tyndall, New Zealand, and Co-Facilitator for agenda item 8 - other matters

Pieter Terpstra, the Netherlands, and Co-Facilitator for APA agenda item 8 - further matters, Adaptation Fund

Outi Honkatukia, Finland, and Co-Facilitator for APA agenda item 6 - global stocktake


Members of civil society hold a demonstration to stress the importance of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly, association, speech, and privacy in the context of digital technologies and multilateral processes. They highlighted the role and importance of civil society in the fight against climate change.


Highlights for Tuesday, 8 May 2018

The Bonn Climate Change Conference continued on Tuesday, with negotiations on some issues yielding preliminary agreement, and negotiations on other issues trying to find solutions to disagreements. Preliminary agreement, pending formal adoption by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technical Advice (SBSTA), was found on some issues, including:

  • Capacity building under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol,
  • Coordination of support for the implementation of activities relating to mitigation actions in the forest sector by developing countries, including institutional arrangements, and
  • Response measures.

Throughout the day, several of the issues discussed under the SBI and SBSTA remained outstanding. The final plenaries for all the Subsidiary Bodies are scheduled for the last day of the conference, on Thursday, 10 May. Therefore, outstanding issues must be resolved on Wednesday.

To address the many interrelated issues under the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), a “joint” meeting convened to discuss adaptation communication and the transparency framework. Work under the PAWP also included continued discussions on the transparency framework, Article 6 (cooperative approaches), and information to be provided in advance by developed countries on their financial support.

The long-term finance workshop continued to discuss experiences and lessons learnt from articulating and translating needs identified in country-driven processes into on the ground projects and programmes. The sixth Dialogue on Action for Climate Empowerment (ACE) started today, focusing on public awareness and international cooperation.

The COP 23 Presidency held a session to report back on the Talanoas held as part of the Talanoa Dialogue on Sunday, 6 May. Many delegates expressed appreciation for the Dialogue’s format and atmosphere, noting its value in building trust between all stakeholders.

+ Download the daily report for Tuesday, 8 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Tuesday, 8 May 2018


ACE family photo


UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa

Juan Carlos Jintiach and Thin Yu Mon, Indigenous People Organizations (IPO)


Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, and COP 23 President, Fiji

SBI Chair Emmanuel Dlamini, Swaziland


Ex-ante transparency of climate finance family photo


Highlights for Monday, 7 May 2018

The Bonn Climate Change Conference started its second and final week, with some preliminary agreements emerging and a continued focus on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP). The negotiators working on the Koronovia joint work programme for agriculture and on common timeframes for nationally determined contributions (NDCs) agreed to draft conclusions that will be forwarded for adoption.

Discussions under the PAWP centered on:

  • transparency framework for action and support,
  • adaptation communications,
  • common timeframes for nationally-determined contributions (NDCs),
  • the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples (LCIP) platform,
  • financial communications by developed countries,
  • modalities to account for financial resources provided and mobilized through public sources, and
  • the global stocktake, which agreed to an informal note that will be forwarded to the Ad Hoc Working Group for the Paris Agreement (APA).

A workshop on long-term finance met, where delegates discussed countries' experiences and insights on how to facilitate developing countries' access to climate finance.

+ Download the daily report for Monday, 7 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
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Koronivia joint work on agriculture family photo


Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama, and COP 23 President, Fiji

UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa


Participants form break-out groups to discuss finance-related matters


Education, training and public awareness, public participation, and public access to information to enhance actions (ACE) family photo


Highlights for Sunday, 6 May 2018

On Sunday, seven Talanoa groups (“Talanoas”) met in an informal setting as part of the Talanoa Dialogue. Launched at the Fiji / Bonn Climate Change Conference in November 2017 (COP 23), the Dialogue is a global conversation about efforts to combat climate change, involving both UNFCCC parties and non-party stakeholders.

The Dialogue is mandated to take stock of collective efforts towards progress on the Paris Agreement’s long-term mitigation goal. It will also inform the preparation of parties’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), the second round of which are expected in 2020.

Following the Pacific region’s Talanoa tradition, the Dialogue’s goal is to share stories to find solutions for the common good. To this end, participants discussed three central questions:

  • Where are we?
  • Where do we want to go?
  • How do we get there?

Sunday’s meeting was part of the Talanoa Dialogue’s “preparatory phase,” which precedes a “political phase” that will take place at the Katowice Climate Change Conference in December 2018 (COP 24). Each of the seven Talanoas was named after an area in Fiji that is affected by climate change.

In addition to sharing stories during Sunday’s Dialogue, parties and non-party stakeholders participated by submitting inputs. By 2 April 2018, stakeholders had submitted a total of 220 inputs to the Talanoa Dialogue platform. An overview is available here.

+ Visit the web coverage for Sunday, 6 May 2018


Participants in the Koro room


Majid Shafie-Pour, Iran

Zoran Kus, Slovenia

Tshewang Dorji, Bhutan


Faustin Munyazikwiye, Rwanda

Carlos Fuller, Belize



Highlights for Saturday, 5 May 2018

With the first week of negotiations coming to a close, one of the day's key events was the joint stocktaking plenary by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI), the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA). A Gender Dialogue also convened, and the Paris Committee on Capacity-Building (PCCB) held a meeting.

The main focus in the negotiations remained on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), which needs to be finalized by COP 24. A range of topics were taken up during the day, including finance, adaptation, mitigation, market and non-market approaches, response measures, and the transparency framework.

Negotiating groups also met to discuss various other issues on the SBSTA and SBI agendas, including arrangements for intergovernmental meetings, agriculture, and research and systematic observation.

+ Download the daily report for Saturday, 5 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Saturday, 5 May 2018


View of the panelists during the Gender Dialogue


APA Co-Chairs Jo Tyndall, New Zealand, and Sarah Baashan, Saudi Arabia

SBI Chair Emmanuel Dlamini, Swaziland


Wael Aboulmagd, Egypt, speaking on behalf of the G-77/China

Franz Perrez, Switzerland, speaking on behalf of the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG)

SBSTA Chair Paul Watkinson, France


Tomasz Chruszczow, COP 24 Presidency, Poland, and Incoming COP 24 President Michal Kurtyka, Poland


Highlights for Friday, 4 May 2018

On Friday, negotiations once again focused on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), which needs to be finalized by COP 24 in December. A range of topics were taken up during the day, including:

  • the technology framework,
  • issues related to the Adaptation Fund (AF),
  • mitigation, and
  • education, training and public awareness, public participation, and public access to information to enhance actions (ACE).

Negotiating groups also met to discuss various other issues on the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) agendas, including National Adaptation Plans, research and systematic observation, and Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform.

The fifth workshop of facilitative sharing of views (FSV) under the International Consultation and Analysis also took place, along with the meeting of the Paris Committee on Capacity-Building.

+ Download the daily report for Friday, 4 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Friday, 4 May 2018


Delegates gather for the Facilitative Sharing of Views


Ceris Jones, Farmers

Gillian Nelson, Climate Action Network (CAN)

Tracy Bach, Research and Independent NGOs (RINGOs)



Rachid Tahiri, Morocco

Tong-q Lee, Republic of Korea


Members of civil society form a human pyramid representing eight fundamental elements of the Paris Agreement 'rulebook:' human rights, public participation, indigenous people's rights, just transition, gender, food security, ecosystem integrity and protection of biodiversity, and intergenerational equity. They demonstrate that if you remove one block, the entire Agreement will crumble.


Highlights for Thursday, 3 May 2018

A key focus area on Thursday was the negotiations under the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), which needs to be finalized by COP 24 in December. A range of topics were taken up during the day, including mitigation and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), finance, the transparency framework, and the mechanism to facilitate the Agreement's implementation and promote compliance. Negotiating groups also met to discuss various other issues on the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) agendas.

Capacity building and loss and damage featured among the other key themes on Thursday. The Suva Expert Dialogue on issues related to loss and damage continued for the second day. In addition, the Paris Committee on Capacity-Building (PCCB) held its second meeting, along with the seventh Durban Forum on Capacity-Building. The tenth session of the SBSTA research dialogue also took place.

+ Download the daily report for Thursday, 3 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Thursday, 3 May 2018


Members of the PCCB


Informal consultations on arrangements for intergovernmental meetings

Informal consultations on rules, modalities and procedures for the mechanism established by Paris Agreement Article 6.4


Salvatore Aricò, Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

Nicola Tollin, University of Southern Denmark

Sakhile Koketso, Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)



Highlights for Wednesday, 2 May 2018

The Bonn Climate Change Conference continued on Wednesday. Among the day’s key issues was the opening meeting of the Talanoa Dialogue, a global conversation about the efforts to combat climate change involving both parties and non-party stakeholders.

Another important theme was the the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP), scheduled for completion at COP 24 in December. Topics discussed during the day included mitigation and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), adaptation, global stocktake, and finance.

A number of negotiating groups also met to discuss issues on the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) agendas. In addition, the Suva Expert Dialogue was organized, focusing on issues related to loss and damage. A workshop on Climate Change and Gender also took place.

+ Download the daily report for Wednesday, 2 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Wednesday, 2 May 2018


View of the dais during the opening meeting of the Talanoa Dialogue


Juan Carlos Arredondo Brun, Mexico, speaking on behalf of the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG)

Simon Cardy, South Africa

Ravi Prasad, India


Luke Daunivalu, COP 23 Presidency, Fiji

SBI Chair Emmanuel Dlamini, Swaziland


A word cloud produced during the session demonstrates how delegates are most affected by climate change


Highlights for Tuesday, 1 May 2018

The Bonn Climate Change Conference continued on Tuesday, with negotiations on the Paris Agreement Work Programme (PAWP) as the day's main focus. Topics discussed included finance, mitigation, transparency, global stocktake, adaptation and the committee to facilitate the Paris Agreement's implementation and promote compliance. These discussions took place under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA), the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI), and the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) through various contact groups and informal consultations.

Negotiations also took place on other items under the SBI and SBSTA. Issues discussed included technology, Least Developed Countries (LDCs), the Adaptation Committee, research and systematic observation, and reporting.

In addition, three workshops took place throughout the day, on:

  • economic modeling tools related to the work programme on response measures;
  • the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples (LCIP) Platform; and
  • education, training, public awareness, public participation and public access to information to enhance actions under the Paris Agreement (ACE).

+ Download the daily report for Tuesday, 1 May 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Tuesday, 1 May 2018


APA family photo


Frank Ettawageshik, National Congress of American Indians, opens the session with a prayer


Geert Fremout, EU

Grace Balawag, Indigenous Leader Tebtebba

SBSTA Chair Paul Watkinson, France


Ana Maria Kleymeyer, ACE Workshop Facilitator

Adriana Valenzuela, UNFCCC Secretariat


SBSTA informal consultations on rules, modalities, and procedures for the mechanism established by Paris Agreement Article 6.4


Highlights for Monday, 30 April 2018

On Monday, parties at the Bonn Climate Change Conference focused on launching substantive work by establishing negotiating groups. Plenary meetings of the three main negotiating bodies, the Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI), the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) and the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement (APA) made good progress, with each body working through its agenda without major disagreements. In the evening, the three bodies held a joint plenary to hear statements from parties and observer organizations.

In the afternoon, several of the negotiating groups held their first meetings and started substantive negotiations on issues such as agriculture, technology, finance, market and non-market mechanisms, and adaptation.

Throughout the day, a training workshop also took place to consider economic modelling tools related to the work programme on response measures. Its aim was to understand and quantify the cross-border impacts of climate-related policies (i.e., response measures).

+ Download the daily report for Monday, 30 April 2018, in English (in HTML or PDF format), French (in HTML or PDF format), Arabic (in HTML or PDF format), or Japanese (in HTML or PDF format)
+ Visit the web coverage for Monday, 30 April 2018


View of the dais during the joint session for statements


SBSTA Chair Paul Watkinson, France

UNFCCC Executive Secretary Patricia Espinosa


Mohamed Nasr, Gabon, speaking on behalf of the African Group

Franz Perrez, Switzerland, speaking on behalf of the Environmental Integrity Group (EIG)

Patrick Suckling, Australia, speaking on behalf of the Umbrella Group


SBI/SBSTA in-forum training workshop on the use of economic modelling tools related to the areas of the work programme on response measures



CoverageAbout | 30 Apr | 1 May | 2 May | 3 May | 4 May | 5 May | 6 May | 7 May | 8 May | 9 May | 10 May | Summary
Specific funding for coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2018, has been provided by the
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and the European Union (EU)
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia EU

IISD Reporting Services is grateful to the many donors of the Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) and recognizes the following as core contributors to the ENB: the European Union and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. General Support for the Bulletin during 2018 is provided by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), Italian Ministry for the Environment, Land and Sea, Japanese Ministry of Environment (through the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies - IGES), New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Switzerland (Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN)), and SWAN International. Funding for translation of the Bulletin into French has been provided by the Government of France, Québec, and the Institute of La Francophonie for Sustainable Development (IFDD), a subsidiary body of the International Organization of La Francophonie (OIF).