7th Session of the Conference of the Parties 
to the United Nations Convention 
to Combat Desertification 

17-28  October 2005, Nairobi, Kenya 


 Earth Negotiations Bulletin - ENB

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Highlights for Wednesday, 26 October 2005

The Special Segment continued with statements by delegations and NGOs. Delegates also met in the Committee of the Whole (COW) to consider: review of the implementation of the Convention; review of activities for the promotion and strengthening of relations with other relevant organizations; follow-up to the outcome of the World Summit on Sustainable Development; and the Global Mechanism. The fourth session of the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention (CRIC-4) convened to: consider the programme of work for CRIC-5; adopt the report of CRIC-4; and elect officers other than the Chairperson of the Committee.

Above photo L-R: Vice President Bernarditas Mueller (Philippines) presiding over the morning Plenary during the Special Segment with Nikhil Seth of the UN Secretariat.


JORDAN spoke on his country’s experience with the NAP, and the problem of land degredation refugees, and called for financial support for CCD implementation. 

Above photo: Raouf Dabbas (Jordan)

The REPUBLIC OF KOREA underlined the link between natural disasters and climate change and desertification, and asked that COP-7 adopt a decision on Korea hosting COP-8, to provide time for preparations.

Above photo: Junho Ko (The Republic of Korea)

ZAMBIA mentioned the trend of reduced ODA flows, supported the JIU report, and suggested that the COP call on the GEF to provide $5 million to affected parties that completed their NAPs.

Above photo: Frederick Mulenga (Zambia)

BRAZIL described national programmes to combat desertification, mentioned the need to identify synergies among the Rio conventions, and supported the RCUs.  

Above photo:  Antonio Josť Rezende de Castro (Brazil)

SOUTH AFRICA spoke of Africa ’s response to land degradation, and said that it would be ready to provide funds for the 2006 International Year of Deserts and Desertification, to make it a success.

Above photo:  Maria Mbengashe (South Africa)

JAPAN said that it would double its ODA to Africa in the next three years. He emphasized the importance of mainstreaming of desertification in development plans, and expressed concern regarding overspending of the Secretariat’s budget, as well as transparency of Secretariat activities.  
Above photo: Satoru Miyamura (Japan)

DENMARK emphasized prioritization of desertification and land degradation at the national level, sharing of lessons learnt and best practices, and increasing awareness on linkages between desertification and poverty.

Above photo: Bo Jensen (Denmark)

VIET NAM outlined national policies and strategies on combating desertification and land degradation, and expressed hope for continued support from international organizations and development partners for Convention implementation.
Above photo: Phan Van Hien (Viet Nam)

The EUROPEAN COMMISSION said that political will and mainstreaming of desertification are crucial for addressing land degradation and reaffirmed its financial support and partnership building. He also stressed the need for improving the efficiency of Secretariat’s activities. 
Above photo: Philip Mikos (EC)

FRANCE drew the attention of delegates to its  proposal to transform UNEP into a UN Environment Organization, he said addressing desertification—a crosscutting issue—needs a more integrated structure.

Above photo: Denys Gauer (France)

ICELAND stressed that addressing desertification must integrate all relevant disciplines, and strongly supported synergies with other conventions.

Above photo: Bjarni Sigtryggsson (Iceland)

GERMANY emphasized: the CCD’s role in promoting a global proactive approach to addressing desertification; the need for moving to Convention implementation; and guidance on financial opportunities in relation to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness.

Above photo: Bernd Braun (Germany)

The WORLD CONSERVATION UNION called upon parties to: mainstream the value and importance of dryland ecosystem services; increase economic opportunities in drylands by promoting diversification of livelihoods; and recognize pastoralism.

Above photo: Joachim Gratzfeld (IUCN)

The PERMANENT INTERSTATE COMMITTEE for DROUGHT CONTROL IN THE SAHEL described its role in encouraging NAP development, CCD implementation, and promoting intra-state dialogue in this region.

Above photo: Musa Saihou Mbenga (CILSS)

INDONESIA said that little progress has been achieved in implementation and called for concrete actions. He introduced his country’s efforts in implementing the NAP, including engaging local communities and NGOs.

Above photo: Djismun Kasri (Indonesia)


Above photos L-R: Douglas Pattie (UNCCD); Goodspeed Kopolo (UNCCD); Melchiade Bukuru (UNCCD); Massimo Candelori (UNCCD); Chair Riccardo Velentini and  Nikhil Seth (UN Secretriat)


The EU emphasized the importance of the review process in taking stock of the CCD’s contributions.

Above photo: Gemma Cook (UK)

SWAZILAND called for the renewal of the mandate and institutionalization of the CRIC, and suggested that initiating the formal review process would be premature at this juncture.

Above photo: Bongani Masuku (Swaziland)

ARGENTINA cautioned against sacrificing substantive debate in favor of long country statements. 

Above photo: Homero Bibiloni (Argentina)


REVIEW OF THE CONVENTION: The contact group on CRIC draft decisions remained divided regarding the Memorandum of Understanding with the GEF, and whether their relationship permitted them to “request” or merely “invite them to make financial resources available, and report to the COP on the implementation of the decision. Text was adopted reaffirming the applicability of the MoU to all eligible affected country parties.

Above photos L-R: Edmund Jackson (Saint Vincent and the Grenadines), Bongani Masuku (Swaziland) and Humphrey Kaburu (Kenya); Satu Ravola (UNCCD) and Chair Ositadinma Anaedu (Nigeria)




Willem Konjore, Minister for Environment and Tourism of Namibia presented the launch of the Gobabeb SADC Centre of Excellence, international center for dryland training and research in Southern Africa. For further information on Gobabeb and its activities relating to UNCCD please visit http://www.drfn.org/gobabeb.

Above photos L-R: Sem T. Shikongo (Namibia); Executive Secretary Hama Arba Diallo, UNCCD; Willem Konjore, Minister for Environment and Tourism of Namibia

This service was prepared in cooperation with the UNCCD Secretariat


UNCCD Secretariat
Session documents
GEF Secretariat
UNFCCC Secretariat
CBD Secretariat
ENB coverage of COP-6
ENB coverage of CRIC-3
Review of the First 10 years of the Convention

ENB archives of desertification meetings


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