Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
The penultimate day of the thirty-first meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol (MOP 31) convened on Thursday, 7 November 2019, in Rome, Italy.
The High-Level Segment opened with statements from dignitaries. Sergio Costa, Italian Minister for the Environment, Land and Sea, welcomed guests, and urged parties to work together “to shoulder our responsibilities to ensure the protection of the environment for the future.” Inger Andersen, UNEP Executive Director, underscored the interconnectedness of environmental challenges, stating “nothing short of universal ratification of the Kigali Amendment is acceptable.” Cardinal Pietro Parolin, Secretary of State, Holy See, on behalf of Pope Francis, cited aspects of a successful model of environmental protection and integral human development, highlighting the Montreal Protocol as an example.
Qu Dongyu, UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Director General, highlighted the impact that sustainable food chain can have on agriculture and food production. MOP 30 President Liana Ghahramanyan noted that it is difficult to overestimate the vital role of the ozone layer and its benefits to life on earth.
The high-level roundtable, on the Montreal Protocol’s contribution to the cold food supply chain, described national and global action plans to expand and promote cold chain infrastructure.
The Assessment Panels presented their synthesis report for the 2018 Quadrennial Assessment. Key messages included, inter alia:
2019 marks the smallest ozone hole since 1983, but this is due to unusual meteorological conditions;
the decline of methyl bromide in the atmosphere has halted;
CTC emissions are higher than expected due to unaccounted emission sources and a longer than expected CTC lifetime; and
understanding banks of ozone depleting substances (ODS) is key for understanding ozone recovery.
The Chair of the Multilateral Fund’s (MLF) Executive Committee (ExCom) described the Fund’s activities over the intervening year.
The MOP then heard statements from heads of delegations, with many noting national activities to phase-out ODS and prepare for the HFC phase-down.
The preparatory segment convened briefly in the afternoon to hear updates on outstanding agenda items. Contact groups and informal discussions took place throughout the day.
Over the course of the day, delegates were seen rushing in and out of meeting rooms as they tried to find common ground on outstanding agenda items. As they did so, many were reminded that the success of the Protocol is due to the fact that it doesn’t work in isolation. As Cardinal Parolin had reminded delegates in the morning, a successful environmental agreement “is grounded in the knowledge that everything is connected.”
IISD Reporting Services, through its Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) meeting coverage, provided daily web coverage and daily reports from MOP 31. In addition, IISD Reporting Services has published a summary and analysis report in HTML and PDF.
(L-R) Sergio Costa, Italian Minister of Environment, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, The Vatican, Liana Ghahramanyan, Armenia, Inger Andersen, Executive Director, UNEP, Qu Dongyu, Director-General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat
Cardinal Pietro Parolin, The Vatican, and Inger Andersen, UNEP
Sergio Costa, Italian Minister of Environment
Cardinal Pietro Parolin, The Vatican
Qu Dongyu, FAO
Liana Ghahramanyan, Armenia
Mohamed Mubarak Bin Daina, Chief Executive, the Supreme Council for Environment, Bahrain
Delegates review their notes
A view of the roundtable
Khadeeja Naseem, Deputy Minister of Environment, Maldives
René Castro-Salazar, Assistant Director-General, Climate, Biodiversity, Land and Water Development at FAO
Jose Raul Rios, Supply Chain and Project Manager at Agropecuaria Malichita
Geeta Menon, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, India
Roberto Morassut, Undersecretary of State, Ministry of the Environment, Land and Sea, Italy
Delegates reviewing meeting documentation
A delegate takes a shot of the roundtable
Bintony Kutsaira, Minister of Natural Resources, Energy and Mining, Malawi
Roundtable participants pose for a group photo
Gilbert Bankobeza, Ozone Secretariat, shares a laugh with Joseph Malongo, Tanzania
Delegates in discussion
Philip Chemouny, Canada, presents as Chair of the Executive Committee of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol
Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat, Megumi Seki, Deputy Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat and Nigel Paul, EEAP Co-Chair
John Pyle, SAP
Delegates share a laugh
Mohammad Mahmood Abubakar, Nigeria
Besma Jebali, Tunisia
Ramal Ferrera, Bahamas
Lamin Dibba, The Gambia
Tadahiko Ito, Japan
Celeste López Quiros, Costa Rica
Bakhrom Kuchkarov, Uzbekistan
Ferenesh Mekuria Gobena, Ethiopia
Around the Venue
The delegation from India
UN Environment OzonAction team and friend
Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat and Sergio Costa, Italian Minister of Environment
René Castro-Salazar, Assistant Director-General, Climate, Biodiversity, Land and Water Development, and Gilda Maria Torres Ferreira, Paraguay
Cardinal Pietro Parolin, The Vatican, greets a delegate
Jacqueline Nyanjui and Martha Mulumba, Ozone Secretariat
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Specific funding for IISD Reporting Services coverage of MOP 31 has been provided by the Ozone Secretariat