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This chapter addresses the need to promote sustainable development in the cities of industrialized countries, which are severely stressing the global ecosystem, and settlements in developing countries that need more raw material, energy and economic development to overcome basic economic and social problems. As this chapter arrived in Rio as a clean text, with the exception of the paragraphs relating to finance, no further discussion was held in Rio and the text was easily adopted. Programme areas in this chapter of Agenda 21 include: Creating national strategies for providing shelter; Forming an international network of trained urban managers equipped to plan for human environmental and infrastructural demands; Easing migration pressures on cities by creating employment opportunities in rural areas; Focussing on energy use and mass transportation; and Reducing the impact of natural disasters.