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CHILE: Samuel Franke Campa´┐Ża, Corporaci´┐Żn Nacional Forestal, described the geography, topography and climate of Chile, where 50% of the country is prone to desertification. Desertification is caused by over-grazing, mining, farming, logging, forest fires and severe water erosion. Recently Chile signed an agreement with UNEP to formulate a national anti-desertification plan. It is important to find coordination mechanisms embracing the public and private sectors, including: laws that are not over-stringent or over-indulgent; environmental education; and coordination among various institutions.