The lengthy 24-paragraph preamble was the subject
of three days of negotiation. The Holy See, supported by Mexico and
Brazil, proposed adding a new paragraph that affirms that human
beings are at the center of combatting desertification and
mitigating the effects of drought. A number of paragraphs led to a
long discussion on the need to acknowledge drought and the need to
mitigate its effects. Initially, the developed countries did not
want to expand the scope of the Convention to put drought on an
equal footing with desertification, however, they later agreed to
include these phrases.
The following is a summary of the paragraphs in the preamble that
still contain brackets. Paragraph numbers refer to the revised
negotiating text (A/AC.241/15/Rev.1).