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NORTH-SOUTH DIVIDE:

The North-South divide that had been growing throughout the 13 months of negotiations manifested itself in numerous ways. The African countries came to the negotiating table with great expectations. They had hoped that this Convention would provide new and additional financial resources and technical assistance to deal with the causes and effects of desertification and drought. Other non-African developing countries came to the negotiating table with varying agendas to ensure recognition of assistance for their countries' desertification problems, to ensure that the agreements reached at the Earth Summit were honored, and to ensure that they will not be obligated in any way to assist the Africans. The OECD countries came to the table with the firmly-held position that new and additional resources would not be forthcoming and, instead, called for existing resources to be used more efficiently. The difference of perceptions on the purpose of this Convention and the provision of financial resources did not facilitate the negotiating process.