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On behalf of the Rio Group (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay and Venezuela), Amb. Ronaldo Mota Sardenberg noted that desertification and drought affects 75% of the land surface in Latin America. Major amounts of resources and international cooperation are needed to combat desertification. The Rio Group recognizes that the problem is of extreme importance in Africa and stresses the need for preventive measures.