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The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and the Government of Norway co-sponsored a Workshop on the Transfer and Development of Environmentally Sound Technologies, which was held in Oslo from 13-15 October 1993. The workshop, which was attended by more than 40 experts acting in their personal capacity, was structured around the following four themes: general technology-environment issues; supply side issues; demand side issues; and new initiatives. The report of the workshop identifies the following priority elements for an action programme:

The participants also called for further research in the following three areas: (a) a number of proposals for action are currently stalled because the relevant decision-makers in government and industry do not have sufficient empirical evidence of the realities of the situation to make a decision or because there was no consistent view on the nature of the problems involved; (b) a number of apparently successful institutional innovations need to be documented and tracked over time. Benchmarking and other best practices could be disseminated to inspire innovations elsewhere; and (c) there are weaknesses in the methodological approaches to a number of environmental issues.

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