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The Chair, Lionel Hurst, outlined the programme of work and the Working Group elected Ghana, Pakistan and Turkey as Vice-Chairs and the Czech Republic as rapporteur.

XII. TECHNOLOGY, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT: After a chaotic start, the Chair asked delegates to work on a paragraph-by-paragraph basis. In all, 102 amendments were proposed.

A. Basic data collection and analysis: In 12.2 (objectives for data collection), India insisted on deleting reference to environmental variables. Bangladesh, Indonesia, Switzerland, Nigeria and the US agreed that the objectives should include dissemination of research findings. China felt that paragraph 12.3 (capacity for data collection) should specify assistance to developing countries in data collection. In the other action-oriented paragraphs, the Solomon Islands cautioned against research that takes advantage of vulnerable people. China, Peru and the EU stressed that both population and development data should be collected. The EU thought data collection should be used in the formulation and implementation of sustainable development strategies. Mexico proposed including data on international migration.

B. Reproductive health research: In 12.7 and 12.10, the Holy See proposed replacing "modern methods of fertility regulation" and "contraceptive methods" with "safe and responsible methods for the planning of family size," since this was language agreed to in other fora. Australia requested that amendments of this type include specific reference to the forum. In 12.8 (objectives), India proposed a new sub-paragraph on research on male contraceptive methods. The Holy See, the US, the EU and Bangladesh proposed amendments to sub-paragraph (b) on the safety of fertility regulation methods.

Jamaica and Mexico pointed out that 12.9 and 12.10 are repetitive, since they both deal with the development and introduction of new fertility methods. Mexico and Argentina called for the deletion of research on emergency contraception (i.e., post-coital contraception). India requested deletion of the need for research on the reproductive and sexual health needs of adolescents, since adolescents should not be having sex. Ghana responded that even though we may want to discourage adolescents from having sex, they are, and we cannot eliminate this research.

In 12.12 (research on reproductive health products), Jamaica suggested deletion of reference to women's perspectives on contraceptive research. In 12.13 (research on unsafe abortion), Argentina, Benin, Nicaragua and Senegal said the danger is not unsafe abortion, but abortion itself. Botswana, Nicaragua and Honduras said research should be done on the psychological effects of abortion. Honduras proposed a new paragraph on research to detect the time of ovulation for use with natural family planning methods.

C. Social and economic research: In 12.15 (objectives) Peru said that social, economic and cultural research should be promoted. C“te d'Ivoire said that 12.16 should promote social and economic research on population and development. India wanted to delete reference to linkages between population, environment and economic development, and Zambia wanted to change "economic development" to "sustainable development." The EU amended 12.17 (research built into population and development programmes) to incorporate research findings into the decision making process. In 12.18 (research on areas beset by population pressures), India inserted "over-consumption patterns" after reference to research on the effects of population pressures. Benin proposed dividing 12.21 (research on sexuality and gender roles) into two paragraphs and changing research on "violence against women" to "sexual violence against women." The Holy See suggested adding research on female infanticide and "feticide." Indonesia proposed adding a new paragraph on the importance of research on family indicators.

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