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Due to increased population pressure and related land-use conflicts, management plans need to be elaborated in conjunction with other uses and policies. Appropriate forms of land tenure are to be encouraged as well as attention to physical planning in both urban and rural environments. Appropriate afforestation and reforestation programmes can ensure watershed and coastal protection and reduce land degradation. Regional and international actions can encourage capacity building for monitoring the rate and extent of land use changes and foster sharing of information and experience on sustainable land use practices and policies. It was also mentioned that, in accordance with Chapter 7 of Agenda 21, the availability, affordability and environmental quality of human settlements need to be improved through national and international action.