Published by the
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Vol. 21 No. 29
Friday, 15 November 2002
CITES COP-12 HIGHLIGHTS:
THURSDAY, 14 NOVEMBER 2002
Following a brief Committee II meeting to
conclude outstanding items, delegates met in Plenary to adopt
resolutions, decisions, and amendments to the Appendices.
BUDGET: The Committee approved the draft
resolution on financing and budgeting of the Secretariat and COP
ANNUAL EXPORT QUOTA: GERMANY introduced
amendments to the draft resolution (Doc.50.1 Annex), including
recognition of the constraints of developing countries and voluntary
submission of national quotas to the Secretariat. TANZANIA
suggested, and delegates agreed, directing the issue to the Standing
APES IN WAR ZONES: KENYA presented amendments
to its proposal to include rescue of all Appendix I species from war
zones (Doc.63). SIERRA LEONE opposed, and HUNGARY and WWF supported
the amended proposal, which the Committee approved.
TRADITIONAL MEDICINES: The Secretariat
reported that CITES implementation regarding trade in traditional
medicines (Doc.64) was hampered by lack of resources. He
recommended, and delegates approved, deletion of Decision 11.165.
PUBLICITY MATERIALS: The Committee noted the
document on CITES publicity material (Doc.65) prepared by the
CITES AND CMS: The EU presented its proposal
(Com.II.7) suggesting two draft decisions to review the MOU between
CITES and the CMS, and to invite the CMS to participate in CITES
meetings on issues of common concern. Delegates accepted the
NON-COMMERCIAL LOAN OF SPECIMEN: The US
amended its proposal on non-commercial loan, donation or exchange of
museum and herbarium specimens (Com.II.9), which was accepted.
ASIA BIG CAT SPECIES: The Committee approved
minor amendments proposed by CHINA and others on the accepted draft
decision (Doc.32 (Rev.1) Annex 1 and 2).
ELECTIONS: Plenary approved the following
regional representatives to the Standing Committee: Africa: Cameroon
and Guinea (alternate); Asia: Malaysia and United Arab Emirates
(alternate); Europe: Germany and the UK (alternate); and South and
Central America and the Caribbean: Nicaragua and Costa Rica
(alternate). Representatives were also elected to the Animals and
CONSIDERATION OF COMMITTEE I RECOMMENDATIONS:
Cooperation with CCAMLR: Plenary adopted a resolution on
cooperation between CITES and CCAMLR (Doc.16.1 Annex (Rev.1)).
African Elephants Dialogue Meeting: Plenary
adopted a revised resolution on trade in elephant specimens, as
amended by Committee I (Doc.20.1 Annex 3) and two decisions
regarding the control and compliance of internal ivory trade
(Doc.20.1 Annex 4 and 5).
Wider Caribbean Hawksbill Turtle Dialogue
Meetings: Plenary adopted decisions on the conservation of the
hawksbill turtles in the wider Caribbean as amended by Committee I
(Doc.20.2 Annex 4).
Appendix I Species Export Quotas: Plenary
retained Resolution Conf. 10.14 on quotas for leopards, but removed
special reporting requirements and accepted TANZANIA’s proposal to
increase its annual leopard export quota from 250 to 500
(Doc.23.1.2). Plenary also removed special reporting requirements
for markhor and increased PAKISTAN’s export quota from 6 to 12
Amendment of Resolution Conf. 9.21: Plenary
adopted an amendment clarifying the 150 day deadline for submission
of proposals applies to "new and increased" quotas.
Stony Corals: Plenary adopted the draft
resolution on trade in stony corals (Doc.10.1 Annex I).
Specimens of Cetacean Stocks: Plenary noted
withdrawal of the proposal (Doc.38).
Tortoises and Freshwater Turtles: Plenary
adopted the revision of Resolution Conf. 11.9 (Doc.39 Annex II) and
two decisions (Doc.39 Annex III), and repealed Decisions 11.93 and
Pancake Tortoise: Plenary adopted a decision
directed to the Animals Committee (Com.I Rep.4).
Sharks: Plenary adopted a resolution on
conservation of and trade in sharks (Doc.41.2 Annex) as amended (Com.I
Seahorses: Plenary adopted the decision on
seahorses (Doc.43 and Com.I Rep.13).
Patagonian Tootfish: Plenary noted the
withdrawal of the document on conservation of and trade in
Dissostichus species (Doc.44).
Sea Cucumbers: Plenary adopted the decision
on trade in sea cucumbers directed to the Secretariat and the
Animals Committee (Com.I Rep.2).
Harpagophytum: Plenary adopted the
decision (Doc.46 Annex 2) and repealed Decisions 11.63 and 11.111.
Trade in Specimens of Appendix II Species Taken
from the Wild: Plenary adopted a revised resolution on review of
significant trade (Doc.48.1 Annex 2) as amended in Committee
discussions (Com.I Rep.2 and 3).
Nationally Established Export Quotas for Appendix
II species: Plenary adopted a decision resulting from working
group discussions, supporting the Secretariat’s capacity building
programme for science-based establishment and implementation of
voluntary national export quotas (Com.1.2).
Breeding Operations: Regarding revisions of
Resolutions Conf. 8.15 and Conf. 11.14 on registering and monitoring
breeding operations, Plenary adopted the amended resolution and a
decision directed to the Animals Committee (Com.I.1). On
applications to register breeding operations, Plenary approved SOUTH
AFRICA’s request for registration of a cheetah breeding operation
and rejected the UK’s request for a green turtle operation.
Criteria for Appendices Amendments: Plenary
deferred the issue’s consideration.
Amendment of the Appendices regarding
Populations: Plenary took note of this document (Doc.59).
ARGENTINA recorded its reservations on the document’s content.
CONSIDERATION OF COMMITTEE II RECOMMENDATIONS:
Budget: Delegates approved the budget for 2003-2005, and adopted
amendments to the procedure for approval of externally funded
Animals Committee: Plenary accepted the
Animals Committee’s recommendation (Doc.10.1) to repeal Decisions
11.91, 11.92, 11.93, 11.95, 11.96, 11.103-11.105, 11.98, and 11.99.
Plants Committee: Plenary accepted the Plants
Committee’s recommendation (Doc.10.2) to repeal Decisions
11.111-11.113 and 11.116-11.117, and to retain Decision 11.114,
11.115 and 11.118.
Establishment of Committees: Plenary adopted
a decision on a process to consider implementation issues (Com.II
Convention Title: Plenary noted the
withdrawal of the proposal to change the Convention’s title (Doc.14
Cooperation with FAO: Delegates adopted a
decision regarding the establishment of a MOU between CITES and FAO
(Doc.16.2.1 and 16.2.2.Addendum).
Cooperation with the Inter-American Convention on
Sea Turtles: Plenary agreed not to consider cooperation with
this Convention (Doc.16.3).
Cooperation with IWC: Plenary noted Mexico’s
withdrawal of its proposal on cooperation with the IWC (Doc.16.4).
Cooperation with CMS: Plenary adopted a
decision on cooperation with the Convention on Migratory Species
Sustainable Use: Plenary rejected a draft
resolution on sustainable use of and trade in CITES species
Economic Incentives: Plenary adopted the
amended decision (Doc.18), rejected the resolution on positive
economic incentives and trade policy (Com.II.1) and maintained
Resolution Conf.10.4 (Doc.21.1.1).
Financing Species Conservation: Plenary
adopted two amended decisions regarding financing conservation and
sustainable international trade of species of wild fauna and flora
Review of Resolutions: Plenary repealed
resolutions as suggested by the Secretariat, approved a decision
inviting the Secretariat to correct references to resolutions
(Doc.21.1.1 Annex 1) and maintained Resolution Conf. 10.4
Review of Decisions: Plenary endorsed
deleting Decisions 11.10, 11.62, 11.63 and 11.69 (Doc.21.2).
Annual Reports: Plenary adopted amendments to
Resolution Conf.11.17 (Doc.22.1).
Biennial Reports: Plenary adopted the
Secretariat’s recommendations (Doc.22.2).
Enforcement: Plenary adopted the amended
decision (Doc.27 Annex 1).
National Laws for Implementation: Plenary
adopted an amended decision (Doc.28 Annex 2), a revised decision
(Doc.28 Annex 3) and an additional decision on flexibility for
deadlines (Com.II Rep.10).
CITES Permits and Certificates: Plenary
adopted a decision (Doc.29) directed to the Secretariat.
CITES and the European Community: Plenary
adopted the decision (Doc.30).
Bears: Plenary agreed to: delete Decisions
11.43, 11.45, 11.46, 11.80 (Doc.31); incorporate Decision 11.44 into
Resolution Conf. 10.8 as an additional point; and adopt two
decisions (Com.II Rep.11).
Asian Big Cats: Plenary adopted a decision
(Doc.32 (Rev.1) Annex 2) and resolution (Doc.32 (Rev.1) Annex 1).
Tigers: Plenary adopted the report and
recommendations on conservation of and trade in tigers (Doc.33).
Rhinoceroses: Plenary accepted the report
(Doc.35) and the Secretariat withdrew its recommendation to repeal
Resolution Conf. 9.14.
Musk Deer: Plenary repealed Decision 11.92
and accepted the report and its recommendation on conservation of
and trade in musk deer (Doc.36).
Tibetan Antelope: Plenary accepted
recommendations on Resolution Conf. 11.8 on conservation of and
control of trade in Tibetan antelope (Doc.37) and the draft decision
Sturgeon and Labeling of Caviar: Plenary
adopted guidelines on regional conservation strategies (Doc.42.1)
and the resolution on caviar labeling (Doc.42.2 Annex) as amended (Com.II
Rep. 11 and 12).
Mahogany Working Group: Plenary adopted the
report (Doc.47) and decided that the mahogany working group would
continue its work, subject to availability of external funds (Com.II
Management of Export Quotas: Plenary adopted
decisions on the management of annual export quotas (Doc.50.1) and
two decisions on implementation and monitoring of nationally
established export quotas for Appendix II (Doc.50.2 and Com.II
Time-Sensitive Biological Samples: Plenary
adopted a resolution outlining simplified procedures to issue
permits and certificates. MEXICO requested, and delegates rejected,
Movements of Collections of Samples: Plenary
adopted a decision directed to the Standing Committee on examining
the procedures for enabling a CITES certificate to serve as an annex
to an international customs document (Com.II Rep.12).
Trade Regimes for Trade Species: In
accordance with the documentï¿½s recommendations (Doc.53), Plenary
deleted Decision 11.155 on the issue.
Personal Effects: Plenary adopted a
resolution (Com.II.6) and a decision requesting the Standing
Committee to further address the issue (Com.II Rep.11).
Non-Commercial Loan of Specimens: Plenary
adopted a revision of Resolution Conf. 11.15 and a decision directed
to the Animals and Plants Committees (Com.II.9).
Live-Animal Exhibitions: Plenary noted that
the proposal was withdrawn (Doc.57).
Annotations for Medicinal Plants: Plenary
noted that the issue was considered as part of the revision of
Resolution Conf. 10.2 on permits and certificates.
Working Group on Marine Species: The
resolution on establishing a working group to analyze aspects of
CITES implementation to marine species (Doc.61) was rejected.
Bushmeat: Plenary adopted the decision on the
bushmeat working group (Doc.62).
Rescue of Apes from War Zones: Plenary
adopted a decision covering all Appendix I species in war zones.
Trade in Traditional Medicines: Plenary
deleted Decision 11.165 on the issue.
Publicity Materials: Plenary took note of the
PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE APPENDICES: Annotation
607: Plenary endorsed the withdrawl of Switzerlandï¿½s proposal
Color Morphs: Delegates rejected
Switzerlandï¿½s proposal on exempting captive color morphs
Black Sea Bottlenose Dolphin: GEORGIA
reopened the debate on the dolphin and proposed, as suggested by the
Secretariat, to list the species in Appendix II with zero export
quota. The amended proposal was carried in a secret ballot vote with
86 in favor, 26 against and 10 abstentions.
Minke Whale: JAPAN reopened the debate on
minke whales (Prop.12.4) to consider its amended proposal to
transfer the North-Western Pacific stock of minke whales to Appendix
II. Plenary rejected the proposal by secret ballot, with 53 in favor
and 66 against.
IN THE CORRIDORS
Despite a heavy agenda, many delegates expressed
satisfaction with the Committeesï¿½ outcomes and finishing on
schedule. However, the possibility of several contentious proposals
resurfacing during the final Plenary, such as those regarding the
basking and whales sharks, the Brydeï¿½s whale, and the African
elephant, left many anxious.
THINGS TO LOOK FOR TODAY
PLENARY: Plenary will meet at 9:00 am and 2:00
pm to adopt amendments to the Appendices.