NGOs are monitoring the nuclear lobby's strategy at the COP-5 negotiations
NGOs anticipate that one possible
strategy will be to ensure that Parties rule nothing in and nothing out
of consideration for CDM projects.
Jose Goldemberg, the Brazilian Chair of the World Energy Assessment, has
suggested that countries take a holistic view when considering the possibility
of including the nuclear option under the climate regime. Some countries
are expected to advocate nuclear power as a suitable technology for CDM
and JI projects under the Kyoto Protocol.
Mr.Goldemberg recalled that the climate change Convention deals at length
with sustainable development and noted that the proliferation of nuclear
weapons was not compatable with the goals of sustainability. While conceding
that nuclear power qualifies in principle for CDM by virtue of its minimal
contribution to GHG emissions, he said there were constraints which are
broader than climate concerns. The dangers of nuclear proliferation had
nothing to do with the Convention but such considerations were important
to consider. "It is going to be difficult for people dealing exclusively
with climate change to refuse to consider the nuclear option as a valid
one. It is valid. But it creates other complications. People in government
will be sensitive to that," he said in an interview.
At the Joint Working Group on compliance, the Worldwide Fund for Nature
has called for a role for NGOs and civil society in assisting with implementation.
Jennifer Morgan proposed that the Kyoto Protocol compliance regime allow
for the submission of NGO reports on non implementation. Reports would
go to the UNFCCC Secretariat to ensure that they dealt with valid issues
Working Group on Compliance
Espen Rønneberg, Chair of
the Joint Working Group on Compliance
Biniaz, US, said the compliance system should be focused on Article
United States representative discusses the role of the "triggering"
Neroni Slade, Samoa, on behalf of AOSIS, said there should be an
eligibility committee to determine mechanisms' eligibility and that
there should be an ad hoc appeal body to hear quasi judicial appeals
against the imposition of binding penalties.
Morgan, WWF, said NGOs should be able to trigger the process through
Kok Kee Chow, Malaysia,
chaired the contact group.
contact group on Mechanisms met in the afternoon to review the Secretariat's
document setting out the Parties' proposals.
Delegates in the contact
group on Mechanisms
Co-Chairs of the contact
group on land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF): Halldor
Thorgeirsson (center), Iceland, and Philip Gwage, Uganda (right).
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