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Special Report on Selected Side Events at UNFCCC COP-6
published by the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
in co-operation with the UNFCCC Secretariat
<< visit the UNFCCC Secretariat website >>

Monday 13 | Tuesday 14 | Wednesday 15 | Thursday 16 | Friday 17 | Saturday 18 |
Monday 20 | Tuesday 21 | Wednesday 22 | Thursday 23 | Friday 24 |

Events convened on Friday 24 November 2000

Sustainable energy future for developing countries: alternatives to dependence on oil imports
presented by the German NGO Forum on Environment and Development 

Jürgen Maier, German NGO Forum, urged NGOs to begin a discussion on energy before Rio+10 in 2002.

Gerald Knauf, German NGO Forum, invited participants to enter into a global dialogue on alternative energy sources for developing countries, with a view to supporting their attempts to break their dependence on fossil fuels.

Isaac Osuoka, Environmental Rights Action, Nigeria, noted that his country has failed to reinvest oil export revenues in the improvement of the livelihoods of the population. He supports the exclusion of gas in the CDM and expressed concerns about its highly publicized benefits as a clean energy alternative. He pleaded with delegates to support public participation in the CDM process.

Douglas Korsah-Brown, Friends of the Earth, Ghana, noting that his country is an oil importer, highlighted the current trend of increasing fossil fuel use for thermal electricity generation. He called for the introduction of energy efficiency in the transport sector.

Hesphina Rukato, Minerals and Energy Policy Centre, South Africa, noted the mixed situation in her country, which exports coal and imports oil. She argued that the steady increase in oil prices affects people's access to basic services. The new South African Government strategy on renewable energies focuses on rural electrification, both grid and non-grid. She concluded that the shift to a new "low carbon" economy in developing countries would require more research cooperation on new technologies and improved transport systems.

Jürgen Maier, German NGO Forum, noted that few countries had managed to decouple carbon intensity and their GDP. He criticized the way in which energy issues have been seized upon by climate change negotiators and presented as an emissions problem. He urged NGOs to begin a timely discussion before Rio+10 in 2002.

Discussion: discussants raised: sustainable energy projects under the CDM; the benefits of replacing coal with gas; forest sinks; deforestation in the context of the flexible mechanisms; the need to capitalize infrastructure improvement in developing countries; the need for new renewable energy technologies; the impact of liberalization and deregulation of energy markets on attempts to lower carbon intensity; the burden of poverty alleviation and external debt servicing in southern countries and their attempts to overcome fossil-fuel dependence; and the need to involve the GEF in the funding of capacity building for renewable energy projects.

More information: 
Forum: http://www.oneworldweb.de/forum

Gerald Knauf <[email protected]>
Hesphina Rukato <[email protected]>
Isaac Osuoka <[email protected]>
Douglas Korsah-Brown <[email protected]>

CC: Forum: National Communications from non-Annex I Parties
presented by the FCCC Secretariat

Abdelkrim Ben Mohamed, Niger, outlined his country’s first National Communication at COP-6.
Introducing this event Martha Perdomo, FCCC Secretariat, commended the achievements of Niger and Tanzania on the submission of their first National Communications. It is anticipated that some sixty-eight Parties will have submitted their National Communications to the Secretariat by SB-14 in 2001. 

Abdelkrim Ben Mohamed, Niger, reviewed his country's GHG inventory and demonstrated that LULUCF activities account for the highest proportion of national emissions. He illustrated Niger's vulnerability to climate change. Using a worst-case health impact scenario, Ben Mohamed projected a 45% increase in the incidence of malaria. He outlined the challenges of preparing future National Communications, highlighting the difficulties presented by a limited availability of data and models, and insufficient expertise. He called for technical capacity building, workshops, and awareness raising. 

Outlining Tanzania's National Communication, Stanford Mwakasonda, recognized the constraints faced by Niger. Tanzania is attempting to tackle the issue of insufficient availability of data and models by collaborating with national universities.

More information:

Martha Perdomo <[email protected]>
Stanford Mwakasonda <[email protected]>
Abdelkrim Ben Mohamed <[email protected]>

Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol: Opportunities and pitfalls for developing countries
presented by the Asian Development Bank and the United Nations Environment Programme

Rolf Zelius, Asian Development Bank, and Paul Hassing (right). Hassing described The Netherlands’ interest in accelerating the greening of international financial institutions.

Rolf Zelius, Asian Development Bank (ADB), outlined his organization's involvement in climate change issues. The ADB has implemented technical assistance programmes since 1992, including the Asia Least-cost GHG Abatement Strategy (ALGAS) for developing country members. Following the Kyoto agreement, the ADB has worked closely with the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on several capacity building initiatives. Klaus Töpfer, Executive Director, UNEP, underlined the new dimension of UNEP's relationship with the ADB. He stressed the relationship between energy and development, and emphasized his commitment to sustainable development. 

The Netherlands, one of two donor countries present, has an interest in accelerating the "greening" of the lending policies of international financial institutions. To achieve this, according to Paul Hassing, the Netherlands has allocated US$30M to regional banks such as the ADB and called on them to identify investment opportunities in renewable energy and energy efficiency. Ambassador Mailand Christensen, Denmark, said that a trust fund to combat climate change had been established by the Danish Government.

Several people spoke on their contribution to a new ADB publication on climate change. Kirsten Halsnaes spoke on the potential demand and supply of credits through the CDM and JI. Prodipto Ghosh, demonstrated how a global supply curve for credits can be created from marginal abatement cost curves for individual countries. Sujata Gupta argued that the CDM could create a disparity between developing countries. Liu Deshun outlined practical issues on establishing a baseline methodology.

More information:
ADB: http://www.adb.org

Prodipto Ghosh <[email protected]>

The National CDM/JI Strategy Studies (NSS) Programme of the World Bank: An overview
presented by The World Bank and the Delegation of Switzerland 

Peter Kalas, NSS World Bank, (far right) said that the objective of the NSS programme is to facilitate trading options for host countries on international markets for GHG emissions offsets.

Peter Kalas, World Bank, described the National CDM/JI Strategy Studies (NSS) Programme as a mechanism designed to enhance the capacity building efforts of host countries. He described the Programme's objective as the facilitation of trading options on international markets and of other financing opportunities for GHG emissions offsets. 

A presentation of the Programme's latest CDM study, on Bolivia, was delivered by Javier Hanna. He stressed the importance of the forestry sector in the CDM context and also outlined potential CDM projects in the energy and industry sectors.

Peter Staub, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, presented a carbon market simulation model, which provides users with an opportunity to take a closer look at strategic CDM thinking. He explained that the simplified model allows users to estimate the anticipated price of GHG emission reductions based on a number of scenarios or outcomes from COP-6. He advocated the need for transparent, user-friendly modeling tools.

Joseff Janssen, Swiss School of Economics, St. Gallen, said that the NSS addresses all the major requirements of host countries, including: insights into the cost of potential GHG offsets; analyses of country-specific strategies; and the development of a pipeline for possible pilot projects.

Thomas Black-Arbelaez, Ministry of the Environment, Colombia, described his experience of working on a national CDM study in positive terms while stressing the importance of implementing the outcomes. He invited donors to continue with their assistance.

Peter Kalas closed the event noting that seven studies have been completed, another six are under way, and an additional twelve studies are being considered. 

Peter Kalas: <[email protected]>
NSS program: http://www-esd.worldbank.org/cc
Silvio Weeren <[email protected]>
Paul E. Metz <[email protected]>

Cities for Climate Protection
presented by ICLEI

Maria Simonelli, ICLEI.
ICLEI convened a reception on Tuesday 21 November, to promote and encourage networking on the role of communities and local government in the climate change debate. Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) is a global campaign working with local government to bring about reductions in GHG emissions and address local air pollution.

The campaign helps communities to reduce emissions and improve their quality of life. In addition, the campaign demonstrates other benefits that accrue from climate change action, including financial savings, job creation, improved local air quality and reduced traffic congestion. Over 400 local government bodies worldwide participate in the campaign and many have committed to reducing air pollution by 20%.

More information:
ICLEI: http://www.iclei.org

Maria Simonelli <[email protected]>

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