Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB)

ENB Background

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin (ENB) is a balanced, timely and independent reporting service on United Nations environment and development negotiations. It is the flagship publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development – Reporting Services Division (IISD-RS). IISD is a non-profit organization based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin provides daily coverage at selected UN environment and development negotiations. We distribute our daily 1900-word reports in hard copy at meeting venues, on our website (, by email, Facebook ( and Twitter (@IISDRS). At the conclusion of each meeting, the Earth Negotiations Bulletin publishes a 10,000-30,000-word summary and analysis of the meeting.The Bulletin reaches a wide range of people interested in environment and development negotiations.

Many UN delegates, ministers and other governmental officials, NGOs, the business community, the academic community, the media and UN staff who track environment and sustainable development policy consider the Earth Negotiations Bulletin to be essential reading. The Bulletin has received high praise for its objective and comprehensive presentation of the facts.

ENB History

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin began as the joint initiative of three individuals from the NGO community, who were participating in the preparations for the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED). Johannah Bernstein, an environmental lawyer and Director of the Canadian Participatory Committee for UNCED (CPCU), Pamela Chasek, a doctoral student at Johns Hopkins University’s Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, and Langston James Goree VI "Kimo", a former UNDP programme officer and NGO activist from the Western Amazon, created the Earth Summit Bulletin in March 1992.

After publishing daily issues during the five weeks of the Fourth Preparatory Committee meeting for UNCED, the three raised funds to publish at the Conference in Rio. Following the conclusion of UNCED, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) approached the three founders with an offer to continue publishing the Earth Summit Bulletin at follow-up negotiations to the Earth Summit. In November 1992 the Earth Summit Bulletin was renamed the Earth Negotiations Bulletin. Since 1993, the Earth Negotiations Bulletin has covered over 30 negotiating processes within the UN system.

ENB Contact Us

For more information or questions regarding the Earth Negotiations Bulletin, please contact our .

ENB Archives

ENB Process/Issue | Meeting Coverage Archives

  1. UN Conference on Environment and Development PrepCom IV – UNCED
  2. UN Conference on Environment and Development – UNCED
  3. UN General Assembly – 1992-1994
  4. UN Convention to Combat Desertification – UNCCD
  5. UN Commission on Sustainable Development – CSD
  6. International Conference on Population and Development – ICPD
  7. UN Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks - FSA
  8. Conferences of the Sustainable Development of Small Island Developing States – SIDS
  9. Biological Diversity
  10. World Summit on Social Development – WSSD
  11. UN Conference on Human Settlements – Habitat
  12. Climate Change
  13. Forests
  14. Commission on the Status of Women – CSW
  15. Chemicals Management
  16. United Nations Environment Programme – UNEP
  17. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
  18. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals – CMS
  19. Vienna Convention and Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer
  20. Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
  21. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora – CITES
  22. World Summit on Sustainable Development – WSSD
  23. Conferences on Financing for Development – FfD
  24. International Tropical Timber Council – ITTC
  25. Oceans
  26. United Nations World Conferences on Disaster Risk Reduction – WCDRR
  27. UN Conference on Sustainable Development – UNCSD
  28. Minamata Convention on Mercury
  29. UN Food and Agricultural Organization Committee on Fisheries – COFI
  30. International Renewable Energy Agency – IRENA
  31. Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services – IPBES
  32. Sustainable Development Goals
  33. High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development – HLPF
  34. International Whaling Commission (IWC)
  35. Global Pact for the Environment