Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals – CMS

Migratory species are vulnerable to a wide range of threats, including habitat shrinkage in breeding areas, excessive hunting along migration routes, and degradation of their feeding grounds. As a result of international concern over these threats, governments adopted the 1979 Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS).

The treaty recognizes states must be the protectors of migratory species that live within or pass through their national jurisdictions and aims to conserve terrestrial, marine, and avian migratory species throughout their ranges. Migratory species threatened with extinction are listed in Appendix I of the Convention. Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international cooperation are listed in Appendix II. To date, seven specialized regional agreements and 19 memoranda of understanding have been concluded for Appendix II species under the CMS. The development of models tailored according to conservation needs throughout migratory ranges is a unique feature of the CMS.


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13th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS COP13)

Parties adopted the Gandhinagar Declaration calling for migratory species and “ecological connectivity” to be integrated and prioritized in the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. Parties also added 10 new species to the Convention on Migratory Species Appendices, approved conservation plans for 14 species, and adopted other measures benefiting migratory species. 
Conference of the Parties (COP) 15 February 2020 - 22 February 2020