UN Convention to Combat Desertification – UNCCD

The 1994 United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the only legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. The Convention addresses the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found. Parties work together to improve the living conditions for people in drylands, to maintain and restore land and soil productivity, and to mitigate the effects of drought.

The UNCCD is particularly committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating desertification and land degradation. The UNCCD is one of the three Rio Conventions—along with the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)—and was called for in Agenda 21, the programme of action adopted at the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED, or Earth Summit).


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15th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties of the UNCCD (COP 15)

Welcome to Earth Negotiations Bulletin coverage of UNCCD COP 15 in Côte d'Ivoire, where global leaders are uniting to find scalable solutions to desertification, land degradation, and drought. View our latest highlights and images or our latest daily report in English ou en français to keep up with negotiations—or subscribe to receive our reports in your inbox.
Conference of the Parties (COP) 9 May 2022 - 20 May 2022

2nd Extraordinary Session of the Conference of the Parties to the UNCCD

Convening under a “silence procedure,” the parties to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification adopted its 2022 budget, ensuring the Convention and the Secretariat will continue to operate until the Conference of the Parties can convene in 2022.
Conference of the Parties (COP) 6 December 2021 - 9 December 2021


Conference of the Parties (COP) 6 September 2017 - 16 September 2017


Conference of the Parties (COP) 12 October 2015 - 23 October 2015