Oceans & Coasts

Healthy oceans and coastal ecosystems are vitally important for humans and the environment. Oceans regulate the climate, absorb much of the carbon dioxide emitted from human activity, and provide fish, the main source of protein for over three billion people. The ecosystem goods and services oceans  provide are estimated to be worth USD 12 trillion. The biological diversity of oceans and coastal regions also provides important services including food security, feed for livestock, raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against coastal erosion and flooding. Millions of people rely on marine and coastal biodiversity for their food security, income, and socio-cultural and economic development. Human activities put pressure on coastal and marine ecosystems, including through climate change, overfishing, and pollution. Ninety percent of the world's fisheries are either fully or over-exploited. Eight million tons of plastics enter the sea each year and contaminate a quarter of all seafood. Eighty percent of wastewater is discharged without treatment, damaging human health and biodiversity.

Events and Articles

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59th Meeting of the GEF Council

The 59th Meeting of the GEF Council took place from 7-11 December 2020 as a virtual event, in line with continued health and safety measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Event 4 December 2020 - 12 December 2020

58th Meeting of the GEF Council

Representatives of governments, international organizations, and civil society organizations (CSOs) came together in an online format for the 58th meeting of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council to develop, adopt and evaluate the operational policies and programs for GEF-financed…
Event 2 June 2020 - 3 June 2020

11th Meeting of the Monaco Blue Initiative

The 11th meeting of the Monaco Blue Initiative will convene for its first-ever digital edition under the presidency of HSH Prince Albert II of Monaco.
Event 28 May 2020 - 24 June 2020


Event 18 June 2018 - 22 June 2018