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The issue of the use of satellite transponders gave rise to considerable discussion. According to an FAO study, the cost is small when compared to the cost of vessels, navigation equipment and operational costs. A number of delegates commented that the cost of transponders should be borne by the industry. Questions raised include: should all vessels carry transponders (including those that fish primarily in EEZs); what is the implication on coastal countries; what exact role should these transponders play; and how can they contribute to real time evaluation.

Some delegates commented that aerial surveillance can also be an important tool for verification and should be mentioned in this document. Others argued that aerial surveillance is an effective tool but has nothing to do with data reporting and verification and should be taken up under the section on compliance. The use of ships' logs to verify catch was also mentioned.