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This chapter aims at developing SIDS' management capacities both in the coastal area and in their exclusive economic zones (EEZs). Recommendations for national action include: establishing and/or strengthening institutional, administrative and legislative arrangements for the development of integrated coastal zone management plans; designing comprehensive monitoring programmes for coastal and marine resources; and developing and/or strengthening national capabilities for the sustainable harvesting and processing of fishery resources. Regional and international actions include: strengthening the capacity of regional organizations to undertake activities in coastal and marine areas; gathering and sharing of information and expertise; cooperation in facilitative fishing agreements between SIDS and foreign fishing groups; monitoring of EEZs; use of the relevant results of the 1993 World Coast Conference and the work carried out within the UNEP regional seas programme and the results from other relevant intergovernmental conferences to prevent further marine and coastal degradation.