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The basis for action for this chapter is that over one billion people in the world live under unacceptable conditions of poverty. Poverty has various manifestations and origins and can only be eradicated through universal access to economic opportunities and basic social services and empowerment.

A. THE FORMULATION OF INTEGRATED STRATEGIES: Themes include: governments should give greater focus to public efforts towards the eradication of extreme poverty and the reduction of overall poverty; governments should integrate goals and targets for the reduction and eradication of poverty into overall economic and social policy and planning at the local and national levels; people living in poverty and their organizations should be empowered; there is a need to monitor and assess poverty, evaluate poverty reduction policies and promote understanding and awareness of poverty and its causes and consequences; and the international community should support the efforts of countries to reduce and eradicate poverty.

B. IMPROVED ACCESS TO PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES AND INFRASTRUCTURE: The actions in this section are based on the following themes: the opportunities available for diversification and productivity growth in low-income communities should be enhanced; opportunities for small farmers and other agricultural, forestry and fishery workers should be promoted; small producers" access to credit should be substantially improved; and urban poverty should be addressed.

C. MEETING THE BASIC NEEDS OF ALL: Themes in this section include: governments and social organizations should cooperate to meet the basic needs of all members of society, including people living in poverty and vulnerable groups; governments must implement their commitments to meet the basic needs of all; and access to social services for people living in poverty and vulnerable groups should be improved.

D. ENHANCED SOCIAL PROTECTION AND REDUCED VULNERABILITY: This section is structured around the following issues: social protection systems should be strengthened and expanded in order to protect from poverty people who cannot find work, people who cannot work due to sickness, disability, old age or maternity, families that have lost a breadwinner through death or marital break-up and people who have lost their livelihoods due to national disaster or civil violence; children must be protected; and people and communities should be protected from temporary and long-term impoverishment resulting from disasters.

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