1. Research, monitoring and data collection:
consensus on the need for improved monitoring and data collection
on drought and desertification. Italy, Austria, Finland, Poland
and IGADD stated that an essential objective of the Convention
should be to coordinate information and data collection and
exchange and related programmes. Japan, Morocco, the WMO and UNSO
called for support for the effective international monitoring and
assessment of data. The WMO also called for better use of
hydrological and meteorological data on water resources as well
as the establishment of mechanisms for monitoring, assessment,
information dissemination, research and technology development.
Egypt, supported by Israel, called for a monitoring network based
on ecological zoning. Peru also called for ecological monitoring.
The UK warned that data collection should not become an end unto
itself. Argentina called for more funding for applied research
and studies of farming practices. Iraq proposed the introduction
of regional advisory centres that would carry out studies related
to desertification. Algeria, Uzbekistan and Cameroon called for
the establishment of an early warning system.