Mercury

4th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (2nd Part)

21–25 March 2022 | Bali, Indonesia

Minamata Convention on Mercury

About

Parties adopted 12 decisions, including on artisanal and small-scale mining, phasing out products containing mercury, waste containing mercury, and the effectiveness evaluation of the Convention, that have set the course of implementation of the Minamata Convention in the years to come.

Final report

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Past event

1st Meeting of the Ad hoc Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) to Review and Assess Measures to Address the Global Issue of Mercury

Past event

2nd Meeting of the Ad hoc Open-ended Working Group (OEWG) to Review and Assess Measures to Address the Global Issue of Mercury

Past event

1st Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 1)

Past event

2nd Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 2)

Past event

3rd Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 3)

Past event

4th Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 4)

Past event

5th Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 5)

Past event

Diplomatic Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Minamata Convention on Mercury and its Preparatory Meeting

Past event

6th Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 6)

Past event

7th Session of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Mercury (INC 7)

Past event

1st Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (COP1)

Past event

2nd Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (COP2)

Past event

3rd Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (COP3)

Past event

4th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (COP-4)

Past event

Specific International Programme: Achievements and Impacts of Five Projects from Around the World

Past event

4th Meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Minamata Convention on Mercury (2nd Part)

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Mercury escpaed
Photo courtesy of Tavo Romann

Mercury exposure can affect fetal neurological development and has been linked to lowered fertility, brain and nerve damage, and heart disease in adults who have high levels of mercury in their blood. Although a naturally occurring element, many sources of emissions and releases into air and water come from anthropogenic sources, such as industrial processes, mining, waste incineration, combustion of fossil fuels, and mercury-containing products such as lamps, batteries, switches, instruments, dental amalgam and certain skin creams.

The Minamata Convention, which was adopted in 2015, addresses these anthropogenic sources of mercury exposure and is the first substance-focused multilateral environmental agreement. Its Conference of Parties meets every two years to approve guidance and action plans to implement the Convention, consider compliance of parties, and improve the Convention’s effectiveness.

Among other things, the fourth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP-4) discussed:

  • proposals to amend Annexes A (mercury-added products) and B (manufacturing processes in which mercury or mercury compounds are used) to the Convention;
  • draft guidance on the methodology for preparing inventories of mercury releases;
  • whether to request technical experts to develop guidance on best available techniques and best environmental practices to control releases from relevant sources;
  • draft guidance on the use of customs codes for monitoring and controlling trade in mercury-added products;
  • an update to guidance for the preparation of a national action plan to reduce and, where feasible, eliminate mercury use in artisanal and small-scale gold mining;
  • financial resources and mechanism for the Convention, including a discussion of the timing and terms of reference for the next review of the financial mechanism;
  • the revised draft guidance for completing the national report format;
  • how best to proceed with the effectiveness evaluation of the Convention;
  • the budget for the 2022-2023 biennium; and
  • enhanced cooperation with the Secretariat of the Basel, Rotterdam and Stockholm Conventions.

Originally scheduled to be held in November 2021, the COVID-19 pandemic forced COP-4 to be divided into two parts: an online segment held 1-5 November 2021 to address time-sensitive items, including the Convention’s Programme of Work (POW) and budget for 2022-2023, and an in-person segment held 21-25 March 2022 in Bali, Indonesia.

Opening Ceremony of the Minamata Convention on Mercury COP 4.2

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All ENB photos are free to use with attribution. For Minamata COP-4.2, please use: Photo by IISD/ENB Kiara Worth.

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