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Fifth Meeting of the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS INC-5)
Johannesburg, South Africa; 4 - 9 December, 2000


Tuesday, 5 December

On the second day of INC-5, delegates met in morning, afternoon and evening Plenary sessions to consider Articles D (Measures to reduce or eliminate releases), G (Information exchange), and H (Public information, awareness and education). A Contact Group on Prohibition and Restriction convened in the evening.

Below: Delegates reading the latest ENB while waiting for the morning Plenary to convene. Coffee and an ENB, the official breakfast of POPs-5 participants.

On the Prohibition of the Production and Use of Certain POPs, URUGUAY opposed deleting reference to the qualifier stating that prohibition is subject to Parties' capabilities and to the availability of technical and financial assistance.

On import and export, PANAMA opposed reference to the requirement that Parties ensure that certain chemicals are not "placed in transit operation." She later proposed text referring to the disposal of POPs in accordance with the Basel Convention.

On prohibition of imports and exports, the US, EU, PHILIPPINES, CANADA, the REPUBLIC OF KOREA and others opposed including reference to this and proposed addressing the issue within a bis paragraph.
Chair Buccini recaps the discussion on Articles D1 and D2
(prohibition and restriction of production and use), and outlines the mandate
of the contact group convened to deal with these issues:
Part one  Part two

On byproducts, SOUTH AFRICA supported ultimate elimination "where technically and economically feasible"

BANGLADESH was among those that opposed reference to technical and economic feasibility.
On best available techniques (BATs) for reducing byproducts from existing sources, CHILE supported reference to other prevention strategies and deleting reference to feasibility, cost and timing.
KENYA was among those who requested a country-specific exemption for DDT in Annexes A and B, for public health reasons.

A contact group, Co-Chaired by Reiner Arndt (Germany, left) and William Waissmann (Brazil), was established to consider byproducts and Annex C.

Chair Buccini discusses the mandate of the Contact Group on D3 and Annex C (byproducts & POPs subject to release reduction)

A representative of INDIGENOUS ENVIRONMENTAL NETWORK stated that dioxin discharges from pulp and paper mills have lead to health problems in her community, and called for elimination of these substances. A representative of PORT GRAHAM TRADITIONAL VILLAGE COUNCIL noted efforts to ensure the future of their children, culture and traditional resources.
RealAudio of the Traditional Village Council's statement
On behalf of Greenpeace International (right), a representative from MOSSVILLE ENVIRONMENT ACTION NOW (left) urged the US government to play a positive role in signing a treaty that will eliminate dioxins. He detailed the heavy cost that pollutants in his community have had on his family.
RealAudio of MEAN's statement


NIGERIA, on behalf of the G-77/CHINA, said their preliminary reaction to Monday's submission on Article K (UNEP/POPS/INC.5/CRP.2) was that it was unacceptable because it does not take account of the concerns raised by the Group at previous INCs, nor does it place obligations on developed countries similar to those found in other agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). She highlighted provisions in the CBD: developed countries shall provide new and additional financial resources for full incremental costs; developing countries' effective implementation of their commitments depends on effective developed country implementation of financial commitments; and there is a mechanism for providing financial resources on a grant or concessional basis.
RealAudio of G77/China's statement

Above, and right: view from the back of the Plenary hall at the Sandton Convention Center
Cornered: The ENB writing team having a discussion with Jim Willis, Director of UNEP Chemicals Division (far right), before the afternoon plenary.
Early morning meeting of the Secretariat

In the corridors...

The corridor mood picked up Tuesday as delegates welcomed signs of a possible break in the financial mechanism impasse and movement toward agreement on a GEF-based mechanism, notwithstanding the strong G-77/China Plenary statement suggesting the contrary. In spite of the buoyancy, a number of voices emphasized that further GEF assurances and stronger language were a precondition to resolution. It was also hinted that a small, informal negotiating group might be required to help reach final agreement.

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