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UNFCCC Workshop on Compliance

Vienna, Austria
6-7 October,  1999


The informal exchange of views and information on compliance under the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) was held from 6-7 October 1999 at the Diplomatische Akademie in Vienna, Austria. The informal exchange was designed to facilitate deliberations on the development of a compliance system under the Kyoto Protocol. The workshop was organized by the Austrian Government in cooperation with the FCCC Secretariat and the Co-Chairs of the Joint Working Group on Compliance (JWG). Ninety-seven participants attended the meeting, including experts, representatives from governments, UN agencies, and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations. Participants met in several sessions over two days to hear presentations from experts and discuss various issues related to compliance, including: compliance regimes under the Montreal Protocol, the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) and its protocols, the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO); institutional issues such as facilitative and enforcement functions, eligibility to raise issues and information gathering; and issues related to the consequences of non-compliance. The Co-Chairs of the JWG will prepare a non-paper on elements of a compliance system based on discussions held during the workshop to be presented to the fifth Conference of the Parties to the FCCC.

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Participants milling around the Diplomatische Akademie before the meeting commenced.
Participants seated and ready to start deliberations.
Ambassador Ernst Sucharipa, Director of the Diplomatische Akademie welcoming the participants.

Co-Chair Harald Dovland (Norway) opening the informal exchange on compliance issues
Madhava Sarma, Executive Secretary, Montreal Protocol Secretariat presenting the framework for compliance under the Montreal Protocol
Henning Wuester, Economic Affairs Officer, UNECE, Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) and its Protocols, outlining the compliance process under the LRTAP
Natan Elkin, Senior Application Officer, International Labor Standards Department, International Labor Organization, describing the compliance process under the ILO
Nicholas Lockhart, Legal Affairs Officer, Appellate Body Secretariat, WTO outlining the distinctive features of the WTO dispute settlement system
Ambassador Slade (Samoa) intervening in a discussion session
Professor Peter Sand, University of Munich, presenting a paper on compliance systems under international treaties
Co-Chair Espen Rnneberg facilitating the dialogue
Suzan Biniaz, US, presenting the US recommendations on the structure of a compliance system under the Kyoto Protocol
Stephen J. Porter, CIEL, presenting a joint CIEL/WWF proposal on compliance institutions for the Kyoto Protocol
Jennifer L. Morgan, WWF, presenting a joint CIEL/WWF proposal on compliance institutions for the Kyoto Protocol
Participants enjoying a coffee break

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