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9th Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development
16-27 April, New York

PrepCom for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
30 April-2 May, New York                                                            >>Version française: BNT<<

New York, USA
CSD 9 
 monday 16 : tuesday 17 : wednesday 18 : thursday 19 : friday 20 :
April 16 - April 27    monday 23 : tuesday 24 : wednesday 25 : Thursday 26 : Friday 27 :
April 30 - May 02
CSD 10 



Highlights from Wednesday, 25 April

Photo: Iran, Saudi Arabia and Egypt during morning negotiations on an enabling environment

Delegates continued discussing draft decisions in three Drafting Groups. Drafting Group I meet in an afternoon session to consider energy issues. Drafting Group II met in morning and afternoon sessions to address revised draft decisions on transport and on atmosphere, and Drafting Group III met in a morning session to continue a first reading of the draft decision on international cooperation for an enabling environment, and in an evening session to begin the first reading of the revised draft decision on information for decision making. Regarding nuclear energy technologies, Chair Alison Drayton proposed establishing a contact group, chaired by Gustavo Ainchil (Argentina), with delegates from the energy and transport drafting groups, which will begin work on Thursday.

Photo: Felix Dodds, UNED-Forum

In the Corridors: The North-South NGO network operating under the umbrella of the CSD NGO Steering Committee ended its decade-long relationship yesterday, following a withdrawal of the Northern caucus, and with it the issues caucuses on corporate accounting, production and consumption and institutional affairs. The Women's caucus was considering its future involvement on Wednesday evening. While the Southern caucus has indicated it will continue working on CSD issues along the same lines it had previously, the Northern caucus hopes to transform into an open-ended coalition. Some NGO participants indicated that the break-up stemmed from a lack of trust, differences in working style among the members and, as one participant noted, obstacles to "injecting new life" into the process. Some observers lamented that the breakup was unfortunate, coming so soon after concerted efforts to consolidate institutional arrangements on the eve of the World Summit on Sustainable Development.


CSD-9 Summary




 Mon 16

 Tue 17

 Wed 18

 Thu 19

 Fri 20

 Mon 23
 Tue 24
 Wed 25
 Thu 26




 Fri 27




 Mon 30




 Tue 01




 Wed 02




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Drafting Group on International Cooperation for an Enabling Environment

Iran, speaking for the G-77/China

Two new G-77/China proposals on the need to resolve the debt of middle-income developing countries and to transfer finances and environmentally sustainable technologies relating to the implementation of national sustainable development programmes and strategies remain bracketed.

Iran, Saudi Arabia and Egypt


Alison Drayton (Guyana), chair of the Drafting Group
on an Enabling Environment, speaks with the
delegate from Australia.

The delegates from Cameroon (left) and Botswana, reading the ENB (right)

Participants agreed to work on the basis of Japan's proposal based on a CSD-8 draft decision on the issue of trade liberalization.

However, the European Union objected to a G-77/China proposal to add references to trade-distorting subsidies and disguised trade barriers as examples of trade barriers, stating that the two measures are conceptually different and that trade subsidies are not a form of trade barrier.
The delegate from Brazil

Drafting Group on Transport and Atmosphere
CSD Chair Bedrich Moldan with CSD Vice-Chair David Stuart speaks with a a delegate

Russia, the US and Japan consulting

On recommendations at the national level, the European Union, supported by Switzerland (right) and opposed by the G-77/China, Canada and Australia, proposed that text on air quality management include specific reference to quality standards and emission limits.

Chair David Stuart speaking with members of the G-77/China

Regarding a reference to indoor air pollution, the G-77/China proposed deleting text on using "short term plans" in urban areas.

Canada stated that some proposed text relates more to habitat than atmosphere. He questioned the need for text on converting to non-ozone depleting substances or alternative technologies with the lowest contribution to global warming. Canada. JAPAN and the US said other bodies have greater competence to address these issues, while Switzerland said it was appropriate for the CSD to take a position.

Drafting Group on Energy

Chair Alison Drayton

The Group completed a second reading of the negotiating text. Delegates agreed on text encouraging governments to develop "domestic programmes" on renewable energies. On advanced fossil fuel technologies, there was no agreement on whether to increase the "proportionate" or "relative" use of lower carbon fuels, or promote carbon dioxide emission reductions. Text on indicators in the rural energy situation, and on energy and transport issues, remains bracketed.

Saudi Arabia and Iran; The EU, opposed by Antigua and Barbuda and Saudi Arabia, proposed text on strengthening the coordination of existing UN bodies, which was bracketed.

The EU deliberate on the text

On areas for international cooperation, delegates approved, inter alia, the EU's reference to bilateral and multilateral development cooperation programmes, and text on promoting "affordable and energy efficient advanced" technologies.

The US

John Ashe, Antigua and Barbuda, called for reference to promoting opportunities for women through credit facilities.

Co-Chairs of the Energy Expert Group Irene Freudenschuss Reichl (Austria) and Mohammad Reza Salamat (Iran) listen to the negotiations on energy

Egypt (left) discusses the text with Argentina

Consulting with the conference room officers

Iran with CSD Vice-Chair Alison Drayton

Iran and Nigeria (left) and Mohammad Reza Salamat (Iran) with John Ashe (Antigua and Barbuda)

Side Event: Air Pollution from Transportation: Causes, Strategies and Actions
Organized by the Global Initiative on Transport Emissions (GITE) Program of UNDESA and the World Bank

Gerhard Minckhoff, retired Principal Transport Specialist with the World Bank, outlined the World Bank's Urban Transport Strategy. Comprehensive study showed that increasing motorization, pollution, traffic congestion, population growth, and conventional urban transport planning results in human costs of about ¾ of a million deaths worldwide every year. Solutions include managing air quality, managing traffic, transport demand and placing more emphasis on the role of public transportation. Success stories include case studies in Zurich, Curitiba, Bogota and other cities where municipal government supported sustainable transport strategies. Visit:

Masami Kojima, Senior Energy and Environment Specialist, World Bank gave an indepth overview of environmental impacts of conventional transport inefficiencies in developed and developing countries. She noted studies at the Bank which confirmed that proper vehicle maintenance and use of proper oil lubricants could drastically increase fuel efficiency, and that targetted policies regarding fuel pricing, coordinate with traffic management and public education, would provide win-win results for environmental and resource sustainability.

Roger Gorham, Environmental Protection Agency, and Gerhard Minckhoff, Principal Transport Specialist, World Bank

Book Signing: Where on Earth are We Going?
By Maurice Strong, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General




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