Highlights and images for 8 November 2019


The Ozone Secretariat and OEWG 41 Co-Chairs

The thirty-first meeting of the parties to the Montreal Protocol (MOP 31) convened for its final day on Friday, 8 November 2019, in Rome, Italy. In the morning, the preparatory segment convened for stock-taking, with the MOP noting that a number of agenda items need additional time so parties can conclude their deliberations.
The High-Level Segment then reconvened, with the MOP hearing statements from heads of delegation. Key themes highlighted, included:

  • The cold chain is vital for sustainable development,
  • More financial and technical support for phasing down ozone depleting substances is necessary,
  • Ensuring better enforcement of the Protocol, in light of CFC-11 emissions, and
  • The Kigali Amendment as a “turning point” in the Protocol’s link to broader climate change efforts.

The Preparatory Segment reconvened in the early evening. It noted that the following contact groups still require additional time:

  • 2022 quadrennial Assessment
  • Unexpected emissions of CFC-11
  • MLF replenishment study terms of reference
  • Article 5 parties access to energy-efficient technologies in the refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat-pump sectors.

00:33 am - MOP 31 is closed at 00:33 am on Saturday, 9 November 2019.

Gilbert Bankobeza, Ozone Secretariat, and MOP 31 President Martin Alvin Da Breo, Grenada


Stephanie Haysmith, Ozone Secretariat


Ambassador Mira Daher, Lebanon


María Antonella Parodi, Argentina


Ruandha Agung Sugardiman, Indonesia



Delegates confer during the session


Yajna Nath Dahal, Nepal


Wills Agricole, Seychelles


Delegates applaud the panel


Delegates from the US confer during the meeting


A delgate takes notes


The delegation from Lebanon


Delegates exchange views during the session


Delegates concentrate on a presentation


Rattana Raktrakul, Thailand


Delegates in discussion


Megumi Seki, Deputy Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat, chats to Anna Dubrova, International Institute of Sustainable Development


Bakhrom Kuchkarov, Uzbekistan

MOP 32 will be hosted by Uzbekistan in November 2020.

Contact Group 1

Annie Gabriel, Australia


Helen Tope, Co-Chair, Medical and Chemicals Technical Options Committee (MCTOC) and Helen Walter-Terrinoni, Technology and Economic Assessment Panel


Shontelle Wellington, Barbados


Delegates from the US and China in discussion


A delegate responds to a humorous remark

Tina Birmpili, Executive Secretary, Ozone Secretariat, Osvaldo Alvarez, Chile, Annie Gabriel, Australia

Contact Group 2

A view of the room during the contact group


Ana Maria Kleymeyer, Federated States of Micronesia


Laura Berón, Argentina


Patrick McInerney, Australia


Ulirke Haupt, Germany

Contact Group 3


Cindy Newberg, United Sates


Environmental Effects Assessment Panel (EEAP) Co-Chair Janet Bornman, Australia


A delegate takes notes


Delegates discuss the draft text

Contact Group 4


Andrew Clark, USA


Leslie Smith, Grenada


Tadahiko Ito, Japan


Leslie Smith, Grenada, Alain Wilmart, OEWG 41 Co-Chair, Ralph Brieskorn, the Netherlands


Delegates discuss the draft text


Sophia Mylona, Ozone Secretariat, chats to a delegate

Around the Venue

The view of the FAO building from above

Delegates during a break




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All ENB photos are free to use with attribution. For MOP 31, please use: Photo by IISD/ENB | Natalia Mroz