Convention on Biological Diversity – CBD

The 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) has three objectives: the conservation of biological diversity; the sustainable use of its components; and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the use of genetic resources. Parties are obligated to inventory and monitor biodiversity, incorporate the concepts of conservation and sustainable development into national strategies and economic development, and preserve indigenous conservation practices.

The Convention has three protocols. The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety (2000) addresses the safe transfer, handling, and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) that may have adverse effects on biodiversity, taking into account human health. The Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol (2010) provides international rules and procedures on liability and redress for damage to biodiversity resulting from LMOs. The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits arising from their Utilization (2010) sets out an international framework for the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources, including by appropriate access to genetic resources and transfer of relevant technologies.


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Geneva Biodiversity Conference

Delegates prepared the foundations for the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties, which must adopt the post-2020 global biodiversity framework (GBF) later this year. Work on the GBF progressed slowly so delegates had no choice but to schedule a fourth meeting of the Working Group in Nairobi in June 2022.
Event 14 March 2022 - 29 March 2022

UN Biodiversity Conference Part I

Delegates have the task to set the path for a sustainable future by systemizing actions to ensure a transformative change that rebuilds our relationship with nature, and keep momentum alive for adopting an ambitious post-2020 global biodiversity framework when the Conference resumes in 2022.
Conference of the Parties (COP) 11 October 2021 - 15 October 2021

3rd Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI-3)

After six weeks of virtual negotiations, delegates agreed approval of any draft decisions will be postponed until parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity can meet in person, to finalize preparations for the 15th meeting of the Conference of the Parties and the post-2020 global biodiversity framework.
Event 16 May 2021 - 13 June 2021

Informal Session for the 3rd Meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation (SBI-3)

To maintain momentum and move towards the successful development of a new framework for global biodiversity governance, the Convention on Biological Diversity convened an informal meeting in preparation for the third meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Implementation focused on implementation-related matters, with the post-2020 global biodiversity framework taking central stage.
Event 8 March 2021 - 14 March 2021

Convention on Biological Diversity: Special Virtual Sessions

To maintain momentum ahead of the United Nations Biodiversity Summit on 30 September 2020 and COP 15 in 2021, the CBD convened a series of special virtual sessions. It began with bad news for global biodiversity. The launch of the fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook, a final report card on progress against the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets adopted in 2010 with a 2020 deadline, starkly announced that none of the targets will be met.
Event 15 September 2020 - 18 September 2020