Land

Land and its soil are vital to humankind. Soil resources are a complex mixture of eroded rock, minerals, ions, partially decomposed organic material, water, air, roots, fungi, animals, and microorganisms, formed over thousands or even millions of years. Land degradation—the deterioration or loss of the productive capacity of soil—is a global challenge that affects everyone through food insecurity, higher food prices, climate change, environmental hazards, and the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Globally, approximately 25% of total land area is already degraded. As land becomes degraded, carbon and nitrous oxide are released into the atmosphere and contribute to climate change. Approximately 24 billion tons of fertile soil is lost each year, largely due to unsustainable agriculture practices. If this trend continues, 95% of the Earth’s land areas could become degraded by 2050. Land degradation is particularly severe in the drylands, which cover approximately 40% of the world’s land area and support two billion people, especially women and children.

Events and Articles

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Towards a Road to Sustainable and Resilient Recovery in Mountains

This event addressed the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development 2021 theme of sustainable and resilient recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic towards achieving the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development by contributing to Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 1 (no poverty), 2 (zero…
Event 8 July 2021

60th Meeting of the GEF Council

The 60th meeting of the Council of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) approved a Work Program comprising 33 projects and three programs.
Event 14 June 2021 - 18 June 2021

59th Meeting of the GEF Council

The 59th Meeting of the GEF Council took place from 7-11 December 2020 as a virtual event, in line with continued health and safety measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
Event 4 December 2020 - 12 December 2020

58th Meeting of the GEF Council

Representatives of governments, international organizations, and civil society organizations (CSOs) came together in an online format for the 58th meeting of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) Council to develop, adopt and evaluate the operational policies and programs for GEF-financed…
Event 2 June 2020 - 3 June 2020