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This chapter focuses on the need to elaborate land management plans in conjunction with other uses and policies. Recommendations for national action include: preparation and review of land-use plans; encouragement of appropriate forms of land tenure; formulation and enforcement of laws, regulations and economic pricing and incentives to encourage the sustainable and integrated use, management and conservation of land and its natural resources; support for appropriate afforestation and reforestation programmes; and increased attention to national physical planning in both urban and rural environments. Recommendations for regional and international action include: training and capacity-building opportunities; collection, synthesizing and sharing of information, knowledge and experience among SIDS; support for the improved availability of shelter; and the development and improvement of national databases.