Participants enjoy a cultural programme in the evening
The 2019 Budapest Water Summit resumed on Wednesday.
Throughout the day, participants attended four sessions to continue discussing water crises, bringing together ministers and high-level representatives from Turkey, Switzerland, Uganda, and China, as well as representatives from the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), multilateral development banks, international research centers, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ), the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), and national water utilities, among others. Hungarian President János Áder attended the science discussion in the afternoon.
During the sessions, participants heard keynotes followed by panel discussions on:
Water Stress and Migration - Is There a Way to Prevent Crisis?
What is Needed for Doubling Investments?
Technology to Avoid Water Crises - What is Missing?
Science Against Water Crises - Do We Know Enough?
On water stress and migration, panelists discussed water infrastructure for refugees, water risk modeling, the water cycle, and new models for economic development.
Bekir Pakdemirli, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Turkey, highlighted the significant investments made to upgrade water and sanitation infrastructure in refugee host cities and provinces, underlining that Turkey hosts the largest refugee population in the world.
Nizar Zaied, Islamic Development Bank (IsDB), linked migration movements and water scarcity hotspots, stressing the importance of mobilizing resources to reduce vulnerabilities of populations at risk for environmentally-induced migration.
On investments for water security, panelists discussed challenges to link financiers to implementing agencies.
Diverging views on subsidies added depth to the panel. Andreas Proksch, GIZ, opined that subsidies are necessary to achieve the sustainable development goal on water (SDG 6), while Prithvi Raj Singh, Jal Bhagirathi Foundation, worried that doubling investment in water leads to increased water resource exploitation.
To support water investments, David Tyler, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, discussed the Green Cities programme as an example of a collaborative approach and Ákos Szalai, Head of Department, National Bank of Hungary, described the potential for central banks to use green bond portfolios.
On technology in water crises, discussions focused on: tools for water efficiency; translating data to action and technology into practice; integrated systems; and the need for increased interdisciplinary work.
Sam Cheptoris, Minister of Water and Environment, Uganda, identified the need for water efficiency, and encouraged investment and promotion of a number of technologies.
Noting that 40% of WMO members lack established flood forecasting and warning services, Johannes Cullman, WMO, highlighted the World Water Data Initiative and making the human right to water access more prominent.
Regarding science in water crises, intense discussion involved the role of science in: developing and communicating relevant knowledge to solve water challenges; assisting decision makers to manage competing interests; and enhancing monitoring of the SDGs.
Charles Vörösmarty, City University of New York, set the stage for understanding scientific gaps in SDG 6, outlining “next generation” products to address those gaps.
Claudia Sadoff, International Water Management Institute (IWMI), discussed research priorities, particularly in agriculture, climate and economic growth.
A series of side events and a Digital and Nature-based Sustainable Solutions Expo took place in parallel to the Summit. In the evening, participants attended a reception and cultural programme at the Millenáris Park Conference Center.
IISD Reporting Services, through its ENB+ meeting coverage, provided daily digital coverage and daily reports from BWS 2019. In addition, IISD Reporting Services, has published a summary report in HTML and PDF.
Session 4: Water Stress and Mass Migration – Is There a Way to Prevent Crisis?
L-R: Moderator Ahmet Mete Saatçi, President, Turkish Water Institute; Nizar Zaied, IsDB; Wambui Gichuri, African Development Bank (AfDB); Charles Iceland, World Resources Institute (WRI); Isidro González, UfM; and Ciarán Ó Cuinn, Director, Middle East Desalination Research Centre (MEDRC)
Bekir Pakdemirli, Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Turkey
Nizar Zaied, IsDB
Wambui Gichuri, AfDB
Bai-Mass Taal, Former Executive Secretary, African Ministers’ Council on Water, asks a question to the panel
Session 5: What Is Needed for Doubling Investments?
L-R: Moderator Xavier Leflaive, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); Miguel da Moura, National Agency for Water Sanitation (ANAS), Cape Verde; Pierre Victoria, Véolia; Ákos Szalai, National Bank of Hungary; David Tyler, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD); Andreas Proksch, GIZ; Prithvi Raj Singh, Jal Bhagirathi Foundation; Pio Wennubst, Permanent Representative of Switzerland to the UN Rome-based agencies; and Nikolay Kosov, International Investment Bank (IIB)
Miguel da Moura, ANAS, Cape Verde
Pierre Victoria, Véolia
Session 6: Technology to Avoid Water Crises – What is Missing?
L-R: Moderator Carlo Giupponi, Dean, Venice International University; Johannes Cullman, WMO; Sam Cheptoris, Minister of Water and Environment, Uganda; Joe Manous, US Army Corps of Engineers; István Kenyeres, Biopolus; Giovanni De Santi, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (EC); and Pierre Victoria, Véolia
Johannes Cullman, WMO
Henk Holtslag, The SMART Centre Group
Sam Cheptoris, Minister of Water and Environment, Uganda
Session 7: Science Against Water Crises: Do we Know Enough?
L-R: Moderator János Bogárdi, University of Bonn; Charles Vörösmarty, City University of New York; Claudia Sadoff, IWMI; Taikan Oki, UN University, and Assistant, UN Secretary-General; Robert Varady, University of Arizona; and Klement Tockner, Austrian Science Fund
Claudia Sadoff, IWMI
Charles Vörösmarty, City University of New York
Zhang Zhongyi, Ministry of Water Resources, China
János Áder, President of Hungary, listens to panelists
Around the Venue
A view of the BWS 2019 Digital and Nature-based Sustainable Solutions Expo
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