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published by IISD, the International Institute for Sustainable Development
in cooperation with the CBD Secretariat
A Special Report on Selected Side Events at CBD COP-8
20-31 March 2006 | Curitiba, Brazil
United Kingdom Foreign & Commonwealth Office
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Events convened on Wednesday, 22 March 2006

BIOTA AFRICA: Research for conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity in Africa

Presented by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF)

Karen Hahn-Hadjali, University of Frankfurt, presented the BIOTA research approach, designed using German and African expertise. Discussing the use of biological observatories in an interdisciplinary comparison of land use practices in a standardized research area, she emphasized that BIOTA aims to understand drivers for change; assess the value of natural resources for local communities, and to develop appropriate action plans. She stressed that it is vital to develop approaches that have short term benefits when identifying strategies for restoration. She gave Burkina Faso as an example of where the traditional planting hole method and deep plowing approaches had both been used successfully.

Konaté Souleymane, University of Abobo-Adjame, Côte d’Ivoire, introduced the Zaï system of soil restoration using termites, noting that these are important for ecosystem functioning, soil processes and fertility, and can contribute to carbon sequestration. He explained that agricultural Zaï involves the placement of organic matter in a hole to attract termites and fertilize the soil. He highlighted how this can improve agricultural efficiency, as the termites increase soil porosity and clay content.

Wolfgang Küper, University of Bonn, discussed African biodiversity conservation strategies, noting that given species richness patterns, the present extent of protected areas (PAs) could be better allocated to protect biodiversity, but that this is constrained by human settlement patterns. He suggested the need for a two-track approach, taking into consideration the irreplaceability of species and the need for sustainable management. Küper then presented BIOTA Africa’s strategy, which stresses the consideration of land use, climate change, community involvement, information dissemination, and transboundary cooperation.

Brice Sinsin, IUCN/WCPA, noted that existing coverage of PAs in West Africa is insufficient to protect biodiversity against rising population levels, and that management could be improved by filling knowledge gaps, involving locals, and improving the economic value of PAs. He highlighted that BIOTA contributes to addressing these needs through an integrative, multidisciplinary approach, establishing a biophysical baseline for biodiversity monitoring, capacity building, and addressing socioeconomic aspects through local cooperation.

Discussion: Participants discussed the value of considering additional categories of PAs, and the sampling methods that BIOTA uses in its research.

Konaté Souleymane, University of Abobo-Adjame, Côte d’Ivoire, introduced a traditional West African soil restoration system known as Zaï, an approach that utilizes termites
Wolfgang Küper, University of Bonn, discussed BIOTA’s integrative, multidisciplinary approach to African biodiversity conservation, and demonstrated how the coverage and management of protected areas could be improved to address biodiversity hotspots, while addressing local socio-economic concerns
From left to right: Konaté Souleymane, University of Abobo-Adjame, Côte d’Ivoire, Brice Sinsin, IUCN/WCPA & University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, Karen Hahn-Hadjali, University of Frankfurt, Achim Zickler, Ministry of Education and Research, Germany, Sem Shikongo, Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Namibia, and Wolfgang Küper, University of Bonn
BIOTA Africa <[email protected]>
Karen Hahn-Hadjali <[email protected]>
Konate Souleymane <[email protected]>
Wolfgang Küper <[email protected]>
Brice Sinsin <[email protected]>

World Water Day - Water and Biodiversity: an Ecosystem Perspective for the Brazilian National Water Resources Plan

Presented by the Secretariat of Water Resources, Brazilian Ministry of Environment

In presenting the National Water Resource Plan (PNRH), Jose Machado, National Water Agency (ANA), Brazil, stated that this was established in response to recommendations made at UNCED +10 in 2002, and aims to achieve the Millennium Development Goals related to water.

Marley Caetano de Mendonça, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, described the milestones leading to the preparation of the PNRH, noting that world scenarios (2005-2020) were built to provide guidance for future potential policy alternatives for the Brazilian water resources system, including three potential scenarios such as “water for all” with strong social inclusion, “water for some” with average favorable conditions, and “water for few” with unfavorable social conditions.

Rita Cerqueira Ribeiro de Souza, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, spoke on the work carried out to identify the Brazilian Aquatic Ecoregions, which endeavors to improve the understanding of freshwater biodiversity in Latin America. De Souza noted that 25 aquatic regions were identified and included in the PNRH, with the selection of five priority ecoregions including the Xingu-Tapajós, Pantanal, Iguaçu Falls, Southeast Coast, and Atlantic Forest.

Victor Sucupira, ANA, presented the worldwide availability of water versus consumption per habitant, and the diverse status of water availability and quality for each region in Brazil. Sucupira highlighted challenges faced in the management of water resources in Brazil, noting that while the Northern region has greater availability of water and few people, the Northeast faces water scarcity and rampant poverty, while the Southeastern region suffers from higher pollution levels due to industrialization.

Rita Cerqueira Ribeiro de Souza, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, presented the work done in the identification of 25 aquatic regions in Brazil, which is available for participants in a CD-Rom

Jose Machado, National Water Agency, Brazil, noted that the recently developed and adopted Brazilian National Water Resources Plan establishes Brazil as the first Latin American country to respond to the UN’s call for action
From left to right: Rita Cerqueira Ribeiro de Souza, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, Jose Machado, National Water Agency, Brazil, Marley Caetano de Mendonça, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, and Victor Sucupira, National Water Agency, Brazil
Jose Machado <[email protected]>
Marley Caetano de Mendonça <[email protected]>
Rita Cerqueira Ribeiro de Souza <[email protected]>
Victor Sucupira <[email protected]>

Financial Mechanisms for Protected Areas

Presented by the Amazon Region Protected Areas (ARPA) Project and the Brazilian Fund for Biodiversity (Funbio)

Pedro Leitão, Funbio, explained that ARPA’s goal is to protect 12% of the Amazon region, 50% as strict protected areas (PA) and 50% as sustainable use PA, one of its challenges being to conceive and develop sustainable financial mechanisms.

Fábio Leite, Funbio, said that following completion of their initial study of potential funding sources, Funbio will implement pilot projects to test alternative sources. He discussed examples such as payments for watershed protection and biodiversity offsets.

Joshua Bishop, IUCN, spoke on new and additional funding sources, saying the key is to consider how to transform natural resources into resources from a business point of view, to understand private investment drivers and to build on existing markets.

Outlining the activities of the Latin American and the Caribbean Network of Environmental Funds (RedLAC), Alberto Paniagua, Peruvian Trust Fund for National Parks and Protected Areas (PROFONANPE) noted that public fund participation in funding PAs is very weak.

On payments for ecosystem services, Carlos Eduardo Young, Federal University Rio de Janeiro, proposed they are more likely to occur where ecosystem services or goods are relatively rare or threatened and where opportunity costs for implementing and maintaining environmentally sound practices are scarce.

Discussion: Participants discussed current concerns being expressed about payments for ecosystems services in some developing countries such as their possible equity impacts.

Carlos Eduardo F. Young, Federal University Rio de Janeiro, expressed concern about the effect on protected area funding of the new Brazilian Federal Law which restricts funds generated from companies’ payments for environmental impacts to strict protected areas and sustainable use areas
Alberto Paniagua, PROFONANPE, said that sustainable finance is not necessarily a financial issue, noting the most important problem for the Latin American and Caribbean Network of Environmental Funds (RedLAC) is the institutional gaps which restrict the flow of funds
Participants listening intently to presentations on Financial Mechanisms for Protected Areas
From left to right: Pedro Leitão, Funbio, Alberto Paniagua, PROFONANPE, Carlos Eduardo F. Young, Federal University Rio de Janeiro, and Joshua Bishop, IUCN
Pedro Leitão <[email protected]>
Fábio H. F. Leite <[email protected]>
Joshua Bishop <[email protected]>
Alberto Paniagua <[email protected]>
Carlos Eduardo F. Young <[email protected]>

Sustainable Use Indicators: Meeting the Needs of the CBD

Presented by the World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Providing an overview of the work in designing sustainable use (SU) indicators, Jon Hutton, IUCN, noted the Cambridge process, initiated to build a partnership of a broad constituency to achieve the 2010 target.

Jonathan Baillie, Zoological Society of London, addressed the science of biodiversity indicators, particularly on SU indicators. Baillie presented the DPSRI Framework (driving force, pressures, state, impacts, responses) and noted the need to understand where SU indicators follow in this matrix, ensuring diversity. He emphasized that indicators should be scientifically accurate, policy relevant, cost-effective, and easy to implement.

On building markets for SU products, Lorena Jaramillo, Sustainable BioTrade Initiative, Ecuador, indicated that "biotrade" in Ecuador reconciles poverty alleviation and conservation of biodiversity.

Noting the little progress achieved on the fulfillment of CBD Article 10(c), Loreen Jubitana, Association of Indigenous Village Leaders in Suriname, highlighted that indigenous case studies from Suriname, Thailand, Venezuela and Guyana, are available to facilitate the identification of SU indicators.

On the immediate needs of SU indicators for the CBD 2010 target, Markus Lehmann, CBD Secretariat, indicated progress already achieved on headline indicators and SBSTTA recommendations, noting the further need to use existing datasets and indicators.

Lorena Jaramillo, Sustainable BioTrade Initiative, Ecuador, described the Sisacuma Cia Ltda, which sustainably harvest a native species "guaviduca" for the production of oil, while promoting trade and investments that enhance the use of sustainable resources and products within the Chiriboga community

Barney Dickson, Flora and Fauna International, recalled that the 2010 target is to be achieved in a way that contributes to poverty alleviation, noting that this dimension is often forgotten.

Steve Edwards, IUCN, noted the overuse of the SU terminology, indirectly impairing experts' capacity in understanding it and building consensus.

Jonathan Baillie, Zoological Society of London, indicated some existing global datasets ready for use such as the IUCN/SSC Red List Database on species threatened by various forms of exploitation; CITES on species listings and trade data; WCMC data on protected areas; and FAO datasets on fisheries and timber data
Jon Hutton, Chair of IUCN/Species Survival Commission, Sustainable Use Specialist Group
From left to right: Steve Edwards, IUCN, Markus Lehmann, CBD Secretariat, and Barney Dickson, Flora and Fauna International
Jon Hutton <[email protected]>
Steve Edwards <[email protected]>
Jonathan Baillie <[email protected]>
Lorena Jaramillo <[email protected]>
Loreen Jubitana <[email protected]>
Markus Lehmann <[email protected]>
Barney Dickson <[email protected]>

New Developments in the International Pollinator Initiative

Presented by the Governments of Brazil, the United States and South Africa

Connal Eardley, Agricultural Research Council - Plant Protection Research Institute (ARC LNR) presented the results of a workshop in South Africa on pollinators and pollination, which are being published in a new book titled "Pollinators and Pollination: A resource book for policy and practice." He welcomed the reaching of the African Pollinator Initiative's original goal of including African countries in the UNEP-GEF project saying the Initiative's current projects include plant pollinator surveys, bee identification courses and biodiversity studies.

Linda Collette, UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), said that as coordinator of the International Pollinator Initiative on the Conservation and Management of Pollinators, FAO is preparing a UNEP-GEF project aimed at promoting sustainable agriculture through an ecosystem approach which is imminently expecting the GEF green light.

Bráulio de Souza Dias, Brazilian Ministry of Environment, emphasized the importance of mobilising resources and generating broad interest to implement the Brazilian Pollinators Initiative, which now has more that 50 institutions involved and more than US$7 million committed.

Providing an outline of the North American Pollinator Initiative and the North American Pollinator Protection Campaign (NAPPC), Toral Patel-Weynand, USGS, said that NAPPC's activities include a National Academy Study which will be published in 2006 with recommendations for research, monitoring, conservation and restoration, and identification of gaps.

Discussion: One participant said an issue attracting attention to pollinators has been their possible implications for GM crop transfer and biosafety. Ivan Valdespino, Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (Iabin) and Jim Edwards, Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), spoke of initiatives in information sharing and knowledge development.

Brálio de Souza Dias outlined the Brazilian Pollinator Initiative and the Brazil’s actions under the new FAO-coordinated global project on pollinators
Gladys Cotter, United States Department of the Interior and the United States Geological Survey (USGS) officially launched "Pollinators and Pollination: A Resource Book for Policy and Practice"
Gladys Cotter <[email protected]>
Toral Patel-Weynand <[email protected]>
Linda Collette <[email protected]>
Bráulio Dias <[email protected]>
Connal Eardley <[email protected]>
James L. Edwards <[email protected]>
Ivan A Valdespino <[email protected]>

Tsleil-Waututh International Gathering: Indigenous Perspectives on ABS

Sponsored by the Government of Canada

Carleen Thomas, Tsleil-Waututh Nation, gave a brief narration of her community history, noting they were the original Coast Salish inhabitants of an area that now includes the highly urbanized Vancouver region. She noted the importance of understanding where customary law fits into the big picture, including the CBD.

Evan Stewart, Tsleil-Waututh Nation, explained that the Tsleil had switched to a wage-based economy in the 1960s after they could no longer live off the land due to urbanization. He affirmed that implementing the Tsleil-Waututh vision of sustainability, involved engaging the Nation in all levels of governance and development. He cited their Forest Stewardship Council certification as recognition of their innovative land management techniques.

Brian MacDonald, Champagne & Aishik First Nations, gave an overview of the Tsleil-Waututh International Gathering of Indigenous Peoples on the issue of Access and Benefit Sharing held in February in Vancouver. He talked about the Elders' Caucus Statement drafted at the meeting, adding its essence was the need to reconfirm the interconnectedness of language, customary law and traditional knowledge, suggesting that they were key components of culture linked to the natural resource base. He stressed that before access could be discussed it was vital to reaffirm the rights that people have over these resources.

Carleen Thomas, Tsleil-Waututh, Nation, mentioned that protocol agreements between the Tsleil and other parties were drafted to respect ties to land and stewardship adding that the Tsleil always write the first draft
From left to right: Evan Stewart, Tsleil-Waututh Nation and Brian L. Macdonald, Champagne & Aishihik First Nations
Evan Stewart <[email protected]>
Carleen Thomas <[email protected]>
ENB on the Side (ENBOTS) © <[email protected]> is a publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). This issue has been written by Asheline Appleton, Leonie Gordon, Renata Rubian, and Peter Wood. The photographer is Anders Gonçalves da Silva. The Digital Editor is Diego Noguera. The Director of IISD Reporting Services is Langston James “Kimo” Goree VI <[email protected]>. Funding for the publication of ENBOTS at CBD COP-8 is provided by the United Kingdom Foreign & Commonwealth Office through the British Embassy - Global Opportunities Fund, and the Italian Ministry of Environment. The opinions expressed in ENBOTS are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and funders. Excerpts from ENBOTS may be used in non-commercial publications only with appropriate academic citation. For permission to use this material in commercial publications, contact the Director of IISD Reporting Services at <[email protected]>. Electronic versions of issues of ENBOTS from CBD COP-8 can be found on the Linkages website at The ENBOTS Team at CBD COP-8 can be contacted by e-mail at <[email protected]>.

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