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Climate Change Policy & Practice
Climate Change Policy & Practice
Coverage of Selected Side Events at the
Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013

3-13 June 2013 | Bonn, Germany

Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)
Side Events (ENBOTS) Coverage on Monday, 10 June 2013
Panelists for the side event on Innovative Approaches to Enhancing Climate Resilience
Through Water Security and Capacity Building.

The following side events were covered by ENBOTS on Monday, 10 June 2013.

Fit for the Future:
CDM in the Post-2012 Carbon Market

Presented by Adelphi and the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
Stephan Hoch, Perspectives, noted proactive communication could play a role in illustrating environmental effectiveness of the CDM process.
Pedro Martins Barata, Get2C, called for a deeper commitment to independent decision-making in CDM institutions.
Wolfgang Sterk, Wuppertal Institute, highlighted that Australia, California and South Korea have distanced themselves from the CDM approach of determining additionality in their own standards.

This session was moderated by Malin Ahlberg, German Emissions Trading Authority. Panelists discussed the design of emissions trading systems in Australia, California, Japan and South Korea, paying particular attention to their interactions and learning from the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) process.

Aki Kachi, Adelphi, highlighted the political context in each of the emissions trading jurisdictions to assess the extent to which they serve as critiques of the CDM and, in turn, how these findings could be used to inform the CDM reform process.

Wolfgang Sterk, Wuppertal Institute, noted: a common shift away from the CDM approach of determining additionality rules; attempts to develop standardized baselines including monitoring and issuance; and differences in determination of eligibility of emissions reductions units.

Responding to a question regarding the development of Japan’s Joint Crediting Mechanism as a single national offset standard, discussant Naoyuki Yamagishi, WWF Japan, expressed support for making additionality testing more objective.

Pedro Martins Barata, Get2C, identified credibility of the system and stability of rules as areas where CDM governance could be improved. He said a common standard in the future would be useful but not necessary.

Stephan Hoch, Perspectives, noted the static nature of the CDM and underscored the safety role played by the CDM Executive Board (EB) to ensure environmental integrity.

Participants discussed challenges of: multiple standards in a single jurisdiction; calculation and communication of net mitigation as a sign of environmental effectiveness; and developments in the Chinese emissions trading pilot programmes.

Panel (L-R):  Wolfgang Sterk, Wuppertal Institute; Aki Kachi, Adelphi; Malin Ahlberg, German Emissions Trading Authority; Naoyuki Yamagishi, WWF Japan; Pedro Martins Barata, Get2C; and Stephan Hoch, Perspectives.
More Information:


Wolfgang Sterk (Coordinator)
[email protected]

Embedding the CDM Infrastructure in FVA and NMM

Presented by Designated Operational Entities (DOEs) and Independent Entities’ Association (IEAs)
Eva Filzmoser, Carbon Market Watch, encouraged exploring ways to quantify sustainable development benefits of carbon offsets.
Massamba Thioye, UNFCCC Secretariat, expressed optimism for carbon markets, saying that the 2°C temperature goal will create demand.
Nick Campbell, BUSINESSEUROPE, called for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) to go beyond policy crediting and engage the private sector.

This side event, moderated by Werner Betzenbichler, DOE/AIE Forum, brought together speakers associated with various institutions of the CDM system. Panelists discussed the roles existing CDM-related institutions could play in the Framework for Various Approaches (FVA) and the New Market Mechanisms (NMMs), which are currently being discussed in the negotiations.

Massamba Thioye, UNFCCC Secretariat, foresaw the Secretariat’s role changing from that of verifying compliance of project level actions to that of mitigation actions, more broadly.

Rainer Winter, TÜV Nord, proposed one centralized accreditation system or an approach similar to the International Standards Organization (ISO) rules on validation and verification to ensure equal treatment under common rules for actions that can be undertaken under FVA or NMMs.

Noting possibility of using the CDM as a measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) mechanism, Sven Kolmetz, PD Forum, stressed the need for ambitious targets to create demand that can use the existing infrastructure.

Recalling experience from Joint Implementation (JI), Eva Filzmoser, Carbon Market Watch, called for greater checks and balances to ensure both environmental integrity and economic efficiency of market mechanisms.

Nick Campbell, BUSINESSEUROPE, suggested focusing the discussion on fitting the CDM in the FVA as a pilot. He noted the lack of enthusiasm for a pilot phase of NMMs.

Participants discussed: the need to bring the private sector into the discussion; the importance of forming a centralized agency to ensure environmental integrity; and how a review of the CDM Modalities and Procedures could inform the general discussion. They agreed that despite the CDM’s many imperfections, it could still be improved upon for the new mechanisms.

Panel (L-R):  Rainer Winter, TUV Nord; Werner Betzenbichler, DOE/AIE Forum; Massamba Thioye, UNFCCC Secretariat; Sven Kolmetz, Climate Bridge; Eva Filzmoser, CDM Watch; and Nick Campbell, BUSINESSEUROPE.
More Information:


Marni Wood (Coordinator)
[email protected]

Fred Kossam, Malawi, pointed to the first Adaptation Forum to be held during COP 19 in Warsaw, saying it aims to raise the profile of adaptation and underline the link between water and adaptation.
Alex Simalabwi, GWP, stressed three key ingredients to their projects, such as: building institutional capacity and knowledge; developing tools and generating an evidence base; and strengthening partnerships and coordination.
Mentioning the GCF Board’s fourth meeting at the end of June, Richard Sherman, South Africa, stressed the business model framework as one key discussion item.

This side event, moderated by Ania Grobicki, GWP Executive Secretary, presented innovative approaches to water management that help countries adapt to climate change through increased investments in water security.

In her opening remarks, Ursula Schaefer-Preuss, GWP Chair, stressed the opportunity offered by water to enhance coherence on adaptation under the UNFCCC, saying that water is to adaptation what energy is for mitigation efforts.

Fred Kossam, Malawi, outlined the evolution of adaptation issues in the UNFCCC process up through the establishment of the Adaptation Committee. He highlighted five clusters of issues under the Cancun Adaptation Framework, including: implementation; support; institutions; principles; and stakeholder engagement.

Richard Sherman, South Africa, provided an overview of the perspectives of the Africa Climate Finance Group on adaptation issues and identified ways to make progress on adaptation finance. Stressing the need to elevate adaptation finance, he emphasized the importance of maximizing complementarity of existing funds and the need for capacity building and institutional support.

Alex Simalabwi, GWP, presented GWP’s response to the challenge of adaptation through their Water and Climate Programme. He indicated that the low absorption capacity affects progress due to inefficiencies in national planning systems and delays in disbursements, and that there is an inadequate institutional capacity and lack of coherence across sectoral ministries on adaptation in many developing countries. He concluded by stressing the need to: link adaptation efforts to investment planning towards climate resilient development; adopt bottom-up and top-down approaches for promoting coherence on adaptation; and capitalize on National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) opportunities to promote coherence at all levels.

Robert Van Lierop, SBI Vice Chair, noted lack of attention to water and energy, saying they are missing from the UNFCCC formula. He said water should be a part of discussions on adaptation, and included in NAPs.

During discussions, participants assessed: the challenge of political turnover, which reduces institutional memory; elements that will allow river basin organizations (RBOs) to qualify as implementing entities under the Green Climate Fund (GCF); climate resilient infrastructure; and the impact of population on water demand.

Panel (L-R):  Alex Simalabwi, GWP; Fred Kossam, Malawi; Ursula Schaefer-Preuss, GWP Chair; Ania Grobicki, GWP Executive Secretary; and Richard Sherman, South Africa.
More Information:


Alex Simalabwi (Coordintor)
[email protected]
Maika Muller (Coordintor)
[email protected]

Human Rights Protections in the CDM

Presented by the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL)
Weni Bagama, Panama, said Barro Blanco Project violates the human rights of the three Ngäbe-Buglé communities.
Oscar Sogandares, Environmental Association of Chiriquí, Panama, called for protection of the Ngäbe Indigenous Peoples’ rights to their cultural and religious heritage.
Alyssa Johl, CIEL, said the major obstacle to the integration of human rights protection in the CDM is that many countries see safeguards as threats to their national sovereignty.

The session discussed concerns raised about human rights abuses associated with CDM projects, and addressed the establishment of institutional safeguards for the CDM to protect the rights of affected communities, effectively prevent social and environmental harms, and promote sustainable development. This event was moderated by Eva Filzmoser, Carbon Market Watch.

Wolfgang Sterk, Wuppertal Institute, noted that human rights are not currently mentioned in the CDM documents, and that the only human rights anchor under the CDM is the obligation to consult stakeholders. He concluded that the criteria for this obligation is set by individual States and that in most cases it remains weak. He highlighted cases of human rights violations at the biogas plant in Bajo Aguan, Honduras, and how safeguards put in place by international donors have prevented human rights violations in Olkaria, Kenya.

Speaking of her personal experience as a member of the Ngäbe Indigenous Peoples community, Weni Bagama, Panama, presented the case of Barro Blanco, a CDM hydroelectric dam project in Panama, and the struggle of her organization, the M-10 Movement of the Tabasara River, to fight against this project.

Oscar Sogandares, Environmental Association of Chiriquí, Panama, explained his grassroots organization’s involvement in the fight against the Barro Blanco project. Stressing the social aspect and the lack of consultation, he said the project required free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) by the Ngäbe community, according to the international conventions signed by Panama.

Recalling that the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will decide on revised CDM Modalities and Procedures at COP 19 in Warsaw, Alyssa Johl, CIEL, presented views and recommendations by Parties and observer organizations resulting from an in-session workshop conducted to inform that decision, held on 8-9 June 2013, in Bonn, such as: establishing international safeguards to protect human rights; strengthening stakeholder consultation requirements; and establishing a grievance process that allows affected peoples and communities to raise concerns about harms associated with CDM projects.

In the ensuing discussions, participants questioned, among others: the UNFCCC Secretariat’s role and capacity in promoting human rights; the need to balance overburdening CDM projects and human rights protection; potential of incorporation of human rights in the CDM appeals process; and examples from the Californian offset mechanism.

Panel (L-R):  Eva Filzmoser, Carbon Market Watch; Oscar Sogandares, Environmental Association of Chiriquí, Panama; Abby Rubinson, Earthjustice; Weni Bagama, Panama; Wolfgang Sterk, Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy; and Alyssa Johl, CIEL.
More Information:


Alyssa Johl (Coordinator)
[email protected]

The Earth Negotiations Bulletin on the side (ENBOTS) © <[email protected]> is a special publication of the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) in cooperation with the European Commission (EC). This issue has been written by Anna Schulz, Mihaela Secrieru and Asterios Tsioumanis. The Digital Editor is Brad Vincelette. The Editor is Liz Willetts <[email protected]>. The Director of IISD Reporting Services is Langston James “Kimo” Goree VI <[email protected]>. Support for the publication of ENBOTS at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 has been provided by the EC. The opinions expressed in ENBOTS are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of IISD and funders. Excerpts from ENBOTS may be used in non-commercial publications only with appropriate academic citation. For permission to use this material in commercial publications, contact the Director of IISD Reporting Services at <[email protected]>. Electronic versions of issues of ENBOTS from the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 can be found on the Linkages website at The ENBOTS Team at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 can be contacted by e-mail at <[email protected]>.

Daily web coverage (click on the following links to see our daily web pages)

Related Links

UNFCCC resources

*Side events website

*List of side events

Bonn Climate Change Conference - June 2013 resources

*Meeting website

*Overall schedule

*Subsidiary Bodies workshops and events

*SBI 38 website

*SBI 38 annotated agenda

*SBI 38 documents

*SBI 38 workshops

*SBSTA 38 website

*SBSTA 38 annotated agenda

*SBSTA 38 documents

*SBSTA 38 workshops

*ADP 2-2 website

*ADP 2-2 agenda

*ADP 2-2 documents

*ADP 2-2 workshops

General resource

*Gateway to the UN System’s Work on Climate Change

IISD RS resources

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - April 2013, 29 April - 3 May 2013, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS summary report of the UNFCCC Expert Meeting on Technology Roadmaps and Fifth Meeting of the Technology Executive Committee (TEC), 25 and 26-27 March 2013, Bonn, Germany (Technology Roadmaps summary: HTML - PDF) (TEC summary: HTML - PDF)

*IISD RS coverage of the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 8 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Doha Climate Change Conference - November 2012, 26 November - 7 December 2012, Doha, Qatar

*IISD RS coverage of the Bangkok Climate Change Conference - August 2012, 30 August - 5 September 2012, Bangkok, Thailand

*IISD RS coverage of the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Bonn Climate Change Conference - May 2012, 14-25 May 2012, Bonn, Germany

*IISD RS coverage of the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 11 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*IISD RS coverage of Selected Side Events at the Durban Climate Change Conference - November 2011, 28 November - 9 December 2011, Durban, South Africa

*CLIMATE-L - A mailing list for news on climate change policy

*Climate Change Policy & Practice - A Knowledgebase of UN and Intergovernmental Activities Addressing Global Climate Change Policy

*Linkages Update - Bi-weekly international environment and sustainable development news
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