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 Earth Negotiations Bulletin:
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3 February  

4 February

5 February

6 February

7 February


Twenty Second Session of the Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum 
3-7 February 2003
Nairobi, Kenya 

Highlights from Wednesday, 5 February

During the opening of the high-level ministerial segment, delegates heard statements from President Abdoulaye Wade of Senegal and Kenyan Vice-President Michael Wamalwa Kijana, Nitin Desai, UN Under Secretary General for Economic and Social Affairs, and African Union President delegates discussing the implementation of the outcomes of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), focusing on NEPAD in the morning and regional implementation of UNEP’s work in the afternoon. The Committee of the Whole (COW) met in the afternoon to resume discussions on the role of civil society and international environmental governance (IEG), and coordination and cooperation within and outside the UN, including NGOs. A Drafting Committee convened to deliberate on various draft decisions, and contact groups continued discussions on the budget and chemicals

Photo: Klaus Topfer, UNEP Executive Director, Kenyan Planning and National Development Minister Anyang' Nyong'o and and Senegalese President Abdoulaye Wade (above)

UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer Kenyan Vice-President Michael Wamalwa Kijana (left); Abdoulaye Wade, President of Senegal, UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer (right) Below a Press Conference photo (left to right) Geoffry Howard, IUCN, Abdoulaye Wade, President of Senegal, UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer Kenyan Vice-President Michael Wamalwa Kijana, and Governing Council President Ruhakana Rugund
Opening of the Ministerial Consultations
Abdoulaye Wade, President of Senegal (left) and Michael Wamalwa Kijana, Vice-President of Kenya (right) enter the UN and sign the visitors' book
The high-level Ministerial Consultations opened on Wednesday morning with a performance by a Kenyan musical group of their song, “Working Together As One.” Listen to the songs: Part One Part Two

Governing Council President Ruhakana Rugunda emphasized the opportunity presented by this meeting, to determine how UNEP should contribute to implementing the WSSD’s outcomes.

UNEP Executive Director Klaus Töpfer highlighted the challenges facing Africa, asserting that “putting poverty to the sword should be our mantra.” Observing that the commitments set by the WSSD and other forums are achievable, he urged ministers to take decisions that translate goals into action.

Seated to the right of Töpfer is Kenya's Envronment Minister Newton Kulundu

Nitin Desai, UN Under Secretary General for Economic and Social Affairs, stressed the need to consider implementation of WSSD outcomes at the regional level, and improve stakeholder involvement and coordination within the UN system. He suggested that the CSD could add value by supporting the integration of economic, social and environmental considerations, and highlighted UNEP’s crucial role in realizing environmental goals.


Anna Tibaijuka, UN-HABITAT Executive Director, highlighted the cooperative relationship between her organization and UNEP, and stressed the interlinkages between environment and human settlement.
Michael Wamalwa Kijana, Vice-President of Kenya, emphasized the need for good governance, transparency, accountability, and clear policies regarding civil society participation, particularly for youth and women. He highlighted poverty eradication, biodiversity, benefits-sharing, conflicts and terrorism, HIV/AIDS, UNEP funding, and the special needs of Africa as priorities.
Abdoulaye Wade, President of Senegal, outlined the objectives of NEPAD, stressing the value of its focus on good governance, regionalism, and the private sector. He said NEPAD must promote private sector initiatives in infrastructure, education, health, agriculture, new information and communication technologies, environment, energy, and access to developed countriesmarkets.
Valli Moosa, Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism for South Africa, reflected on the WSSD’s high-level commitment to sustainable development and its focus on poverty alleviation. He suggested CSD-11 help integrate work on the WSSD, and stressed UNEP’s role.

Amara Essy, Secretary-General of the African Union, reported on the launch in 2002 of the African Union - the successor to the Organization of African Unity - and its links to NEPAD

Greece, speaking on behalf of the EU, supported regional and sub-regional work through existing initiatives such as NEPAD, and reported on EU partnerships on water and energy

Uganda, speaking on behalf of AMCEN, stressed the need for donor assistance in implementing NEPAD and the WSSD.

Nigeria (left) and Senegal (right) emphasized the need for concrete action to implement NEPAD.
The Netherlands underscored NEPAD’s emphasis on African leadership, ownership and initiative, involvement of civil society and private sector participation, and poverty eradication.

Algeria (not pictured) outlined desertification problems and the need to protect cultural diversity.

The Czech Republic (not pictured) stressed the importance of good governance, democracy, stability and respect for fundamental human rights, and questioned how strategic environmental assessments and environmental impact assessments would be factored into NEPAD initiatives.

Kenya identified Africa’s foreign debt and the cost of imported fossil fuels as barriers to poverty reduction and sustainable development.

Libya said NEPAD solutions must originate from Africa and address regional specificities.

Committee of the Whole

Kakakhel invited delegates to consider policy issues relating to international environmental governance, including: establishing universal membership of the Governing Council; strengthening UNEP’s scientific base and establishing an IPEC; enhancing the engagement of civil society; strengthening UNEP financing; improving coordination among MEAs; developing an intergovernmental strategic plan for technology support and capacity building; and enhancing coordination across the UN system and the Environmental Management Group (UNEP/GC/22/4, UNEP/GC/22/4/Add.1 & UNEP/GC/22/4/Add.2).

The United States (left), Japan, Brazil and others opposed further consideration of the IPEC proposal. The US, Japan, Brazil and others also opposed using an indicative scale of contributions, while the EU supported the concept as a means to increase burden sharing and the donor base

Norway (right), Canada, South Africa, and others said a contact group should be formed to further consider the IPEC proposal

China insisted that contributions remain voluntary
Youth representatives Neema Mbeyu, Kenya, and Tomas Erust, Canada, made statements regarding the importance of engaging youth in sustainable development initiatives. They called for, inter alia, a legally binding instrument on corporate responsibility, and the establishment of a youth unit at the NEPAD secretariat.

Afternoon Ministerial Consultations on UNEP's role in the regional implementation of the WSSD's outcomes
Governing Council Vice-President Juan Pablo Bonilla (Colombia) presided over the afternoon Ministerial Consultations
Participants in the afternoon Ministerial Consultations considered UNEP’s role in the regional implementation of the WSSD’s outcomes. Many speakers highlighted the environmental problems affecting their regions, outlining policy responses and existing partnerships with UNEP
Lebohang Ntsinyi, Lesotho, and Petru Lificiu, Romania

Drafting Group

Masa Nagai, UNEP, reports on progress of the Drafting Group

The Drafting Committee concluded discussion on text regarding the World Conservation Monitoring Centre after a compromise was reached on language referring to the focus of the Centre’s activities. Following objections to the draft on the Asian Brown Cloud, the Committee decided to withdraw the draft decision. A new text on the global assessment of the state of the marine environment was adopted with some amendments. The text on post-conflict environmental assessments was discussed at length and was agreed after a reference to the need for countries concerned to request a post-conflict assessment was included. The issue of environmental emergency prevention, preparedness, assessment, response and mitigation was finalized with the addition of a positive reference to activities of the joint Environment Unit of UNEP and the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, and support for refugee-hosting countries in rehabilitating damaged environments and ecosystems. The Committee debated a draft decision on adaptation to climate change, with a number of developed countries calling for a text that would avoid duplication of issues already covered by the UNFCCC. References to the Kyoto Protocol was also controversial. Contact groups were formed on adaptation to climate change and coral reefs.

Contact Group on Budget
The budget contact group reconvened on Wednesday morning to consider a revised draft decision on the Environment Fund budgets, proposed biennial programme and support budget for 2004-2005. The group failed to reach consensus on text that would approve the proposed Programme of Work as outlined in the Report of the Executive Director (UNEP/GC.22/6)

BudgeEvening Panel Discussionon "Linkages between poverty and the environment
Ministers met in the evening to hear presentations from Economics Professor Professor of and Ashok Khoshla, Development Alternatives

IUCN Briefing on the Fifth World Parks Congress and lauch of the IUCN-Ramsar Booklet on Alien Invasive Species in Africa's Wetlands

Geoffrey Howard, IUCN, gave a brief overview of the World Parks Congress, which will take place from 8-17 September in Durban, South Africa. He noted that this will be the fifth Congress, that it takes place every ten years and that this is the first time that such a Congress will take place in Africa. He recalled that Nelson Mandela launched the Congress at the WSSD. He highlighted the Workshop Streams that will take place during the Congress on capacity building, gaps in the system, finance and resources, linkages between protected areas and surrounding land uses, raising awareness and strengthening support, governance, and management effectiveness.

For more information, visit the IUCN World Parks Homepage

Delmar Blasco, Secretary General, Ramsar Convention, launching the recent IUCN-Ramsar publication on Alien Invasive Species in Africa'a Wetlands

This publication is available form the IUCN Eastern Africa Regional Office, email: [email protected]


ENB Summary of UNEP-21 in PDF (English), txt and html
ENB Coverage of the Third Global Ministerial Environment Forum (Seventh Special Session of the UNEP Governing Council)
ENB Coverage of the World Summit on Sustainable Development
UNEP website,with information about the Governing Council
UNEP website on International Environmental Governance

UNEP-22 Homepage with the Provisional Agenda and Working Documents for the meeting, as well as information documents
UNEP.Net, the United Nations Environment Network: a global portal to authoritative environmental information based on themes and regions.



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