Published by the
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
Vol. 21 No. 28
Thursday, 14 November 2002
CITES COP-12 HIGHLIGHTS:
WEDNESDAY, 13 NOVEMBER 2002
Delegates met in Committee I to consider
recommendations and resolutions, and amendments to the Appendices,
while Committee II discussed, inter alia, resolution review,
species trade and conservation issues, and personal effects. Both
Committees considered outcomes from working groups.
COOPERATION WITH CCAMLR: CHILE introduced its
resolution on cooperation with the Commission for the Conservation
of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) regarding trade in
Patagonian toothfish (Doc.16.1 and 16.1 Annex (Rev.1)). Parties
highlighted CCAMLR’s principal role in toothfish conservation. An
amended resolution was adopted.
IPOA FOR SHARKS: AUSTRALIA introduced the
draft resolution on the role of CITES in implementing the
International Plan of Action for Conservation and Management of
Sharks (IPOA-Sharks) (Doc.12.41.2 Addendum). JAPAN, NORWAY and
ICELAND stated that FAO and regional fisheries organizations should
deal with the IPOA and its implementation. The proposal was
SYGNATHIDAE: Animals Committee Chair Hoogmoed
introduced, and delegates adopted, the document on conservation of
seahorses and other members of the family syngnathidae (Doc.43).
PROPOSALS TO AMEND THE APPENDICES: Basking Shark:
The UK introduced an EU proposal to include Cetorhinus maximus
in Appendix II (Prop. 12.36). TUNISIA and others supported the
proposal, while NORWAY and others opposed, pointing to insufficient
data, FAO’s role in fishery management and identification problems.
With 72 in favor, 38 against, and 2 abstentions, the proposal
Seahorses: The US presented its proposal to
include Hippocampus spp. in Appendix II (Prop.12.37). NEW
ZEALAND, KENYA, the EU, PERU, and FIJI supported the proposal, while
JAPAN, CHINA, MALAYSIA and the RUSSIAN FEDERATION opposed. The
amended proposal was adopted through a roll-call vote with 75 in
favor, 24 against and 19 abstentions.
Humphead Wrasse: The US introduced its
proposal to include Cheilinus undulatas in Appendix II
(Prop.12.38). MALAYSIA, the RUSSIAN FEDERATION and JAPAN opposed the
proposal, stressing FAO’s responsibility for marine species and
insufficient data. With 65 in favor, 42 against, five abstentions,
the proposal was rejected by secret ballot.
Patagonian Toothfish: In view of the
resolution on cooperation with CCAMLR, AUSTRALIA withdrew its
proposal to include Dissostichus eleginoides and D.
mawsonii in Appendix II (Prop.12.39).
Swallowtail Butterflies: GERMANY withdrew its
proposal to list Papilio aristophontes, P. nireus, and
P. sosia in Appendix II (Prop.12.41).
Monkey Puzzle Tree: ARGENTINA introduced, and
delegates adopted, its proposal to include Araucaria araucana
in Appendix I (Prop.12.42).
Cactaceae: Delegates adopted SWITZERLAND’s
proposal to exempt artificially propagated specimens of color mutant
forms of cacti that lack chlorophyll (Prop.12.43).
Prickly Pear and Leaf-Bearing Cacti:
SWITZERLAND withdrew its proposals to delete Opuntiodeae spp.
(Prop.12.44), Pereskioideae spp. and Quiabentia spp.
(Prop.12.45) from Appendix II.
Tonopah Fishhook Cactus: The US presented,
and delegates adopted, its proposal to transfer Sclerocactus
nyensis from Appendix II to I (Prop.12.46).
Blaine’s Pincushion: The US withdrew its
proposal to transfer Sclerocactus spinosior spp. blainei
from Appendix II to I (Prop.12.47).
Bigleaf Mahagony: NICARAGUA and GUATEMALA
introduced their proposal to include Swietenia macrophylla in
Appendix II (Prop.12.50). In a secret ballot vote, the proposal was
accepted with 68 in favor, 30 against and 14 abstentions.
Orchids: The US presented its proposal and
amendment to annotate Orchidaceae in Appendix II to exclude
artificially propagated specimens (Prop.12.51), restricting it to
genera Phalaenopsis. With 48 in favor, 20 against and 45
abstentions, the proposal was accepted.
Desert-Living Cistanche: CHINA introduced its
proposal to delete the current annotation to Cistanche
deserticola in Appendix II (Prop.12.52). Delegates accepted the
proposal by consensus and requested the Plants Committee to consider
a more appropriate annotation.
Lignum-Vitae: GERMANY presented an EU
proposal to include Guaiacum spp. in Appendix II
(Prop.12.54). The proposal was adopted by consensus.
Flat-Tailed Tortoise: Delegates adopted
MADAGASCAR’s proposal to transfer Pyxis planicauda from
Appendix II to I (Prop.12.55).
Armored Chameleon: Delegates adopted
MADAGASCAR’s proposal to include Brookesia peramata in
Appendix I (Prop.12.56).
Chameleons: MADAGASCAR introduced, and
delegates adopted, its proposal to include all Brookesia spp.
except B. peramata in Appendix II (Prop.12.57)
Burrowing Frogs: MADAGASCAR presented
its proposal to include several Scaphiophryne spp. in
Appendix II (Prop.12.58). The EU proposed, and the Committee agreed,
that only S. gottlebei be listed.
Madagascan Orchid: MADAGASCAR
introduced its proposal to transfer Aerangis alata from
Appendix II to I (Prop.12.59). Delegates adopted the proposal.
WORKING GROUPS: Appendix II Export Quotas:
The US presented the working group’s draft decisions (Com.I.2) for
Appendix II species export quotas (Doc. 49), noting support for the
Secretariat’s capacity-building programme. The draft decisions were
Registering Captive Breeding Operations:
CHILE presented the working group’s outcomes (Com.I.1) on operations
that breed Appendix I species in captivity for commercial purposes
(Doc.55.1 and 2). It recommended treating plants and animals
separately and simplifying procedures to register breeding
operations. Delegates agreed on the recommendations.
Criteria: IUCN presented the working group’s
outcomes, noting that it was unable to consider Doc.12.59. He
outlined the Chair’s text (Com.I.3) and introduced two draft
resolutions on the proposed revision of Resolution Conf. 9.24
(Com.I.4 and Com.I.5). CANADA and the Secretariat proposed separate
amendments to Com.I.5, which outlined the terms of reference for a
review process. Delegates adopted Com.I.3 and the amended Com.I.5.
Amendment of the Appendices with Regard to
Populations: The Secretariat suggested that the document on this
matter would be noted (Doc.12.59).
TRADE IN BEARS: The Secretariat presented
suggestions by the drafting group on trade in bear specimens
(Doc.31), proposing a deadline extension for range and consumer
States to submit reports on actions taken to implement Resolution
Conf. 10.8. Delegates approved the draft decisions.
CETACEANS: JAPAN agreed to withdraw its
proposals on controlled trade in specimens of abundant cetacean
stocks (Doc.38), provided that Mexico withdraw its proposal on
CITES-IWC cooperation (Doc.16.4). Both Parties agreed and the
proposals were withdrawn.
RESOLUTION REVIEW: Permits and certificates:
MEXICO reported on the draft resolution (Com.II.4), suggesting
modifications on, inter alia: pre-Convention specimens;
import permits; certificate of origins; traveling exhibition
certificates; and information to be included in CITES permits and
certificates. Delegates accepted the document as amended.
LIVE-ANIMAL EXHIBITIONS: The RUSSIAN
FEDERATION withdrew its proposal on traveling live-animal
PERSONAL EFFECTS: CHINA presented the working
group’s draft resolution on personal effects (Com.II.6). The
Committee requested the Secretariat to develop a process for
exempting personal and household effects of Appendix II species. The
draft resolution was approved as amended, with VENEZUELA withdrawing
its proposal on personal effects made of crocodilian leather
STURGEONS: The Secretariat introduced its
proposal on the conservation of sturgeons (Doc.42.1). IRAN supported
and KAZAKHSTAN, the RUSSIAN FEDERATION and the US made reservations
to the proposal. Delegates accepted the report as a recommendation
rather than a decision.
The Secretariat then introduced the draft
resolutions (Doc.42.2). Regarding shared stocks’ catch and export
quotas, IRAN opposed allowing the Secretariat to decide whether the
quotas are sustainable, and the Committee deleted the reference.
IRAN also suggested that domestic quota reductions of a range State
should not affect the quotas of other range States of a shared
stock. Regarding caviar labeling, the US suggested, and the
Committee rejected, amendments to limit labeling requirements to
international trade. The draft resolutions were approved as amended.
Delegates also accepted the draft decisions.
ASIAN BIG CAT SPECIES: INDIA presented its
amended proposal on conservation of and trade in tigers and other
Appendix I Asian big cat species (Doc.32 (Rev.1) Annex 1 and 2).
Delegates accepted the draft resolution, with an amendment suggested
by the US. CHINA recorded its opposition.
TIGERS: The Committee adopted the document on
conservation of and trade in tigers (Doc.33) with a correction
regarding Myanmar’s situation.
TIBETAN ANTELOPE: Delegates addressed a draft
decision directing the Secretariat to undertake an enforcement
needs’ assessment mission to China to provide technical assistance
regarding anti-poaching and wool smuggling. The document was
MAHOGANY: The Secretariat presented the
report of the Mahogany Working Group (Doc.47). Delegates adopted the
report, deciding to maintain the working group, subject to external
funds, and amendment of its term of reference in light of Committee
Iï¿½s uplisting to Appendix II.
EXPORT QUOTAS: GERMANY introduced its
proposal on improving the management of annual export quotas and
amendment of Resolution Conf. 10.2 (Rev.) Annex 1 on permits and
certificates (Doc.50.1). The RUSSIAN FEDERATION suggested
amendments. SAINT LUCIA and JAMAICA noted small countriesï¿½
difficulties in implementing the proposal. Discussion will resume.
The US presented its proposal and amendments on
implementation and monitoring of nationally established export
quotas for species listed in Appendix II (Doc.50.2). Delegates
adopted the amended draft decision that will be forwarded to the
TRADE IN TIME-SENSITIVE BIOLOGICAL SAMPLES:
The Secretariat presented its proposal (Doc.51) and noted the draft
resolution on a simplified procedure could be extended for other
non-biological samples. Delegates accepted the proposal.
CITES AND MARINE SPECIES: CHILE introduced
its proposal and amendments on establishing a working group to
analyze relevant aspects of CITES application to marine species
(Doc.61). NORWAY made a procedural motion to defer discussion to
COP-13 and delegates voted against it. In a secret ballot vote
requested by JAPAN, delegates rejected the proposal, with 40 in
favor, 25 against and 6 abstentions.
BUSHMEAT: The Secretariat introduced the
proposal on bushmeat (Doc.62) and recommended maintaining the
Bushmeat Working Group. The EU suggested inserting reference to
synergies with the CBD. Delegates adopted the amended draft
CERTIFICATES FOR MOVEMENTS OF SAMPLE COLLECTIONS:
ITALY introduced an EU proposal (Doc.52.2). Following a US
suggestion, the Committee decided to direct the Standing Committee
to examine the procedure to enable CITES certificates to become an
annex to international customs documents.
TRADE IN TIMBER SPECIES: The Committee
supported the suggested deletion of Decision 11.155 on the potential
of silvicultural techniques (Doc.53) for establishing trade regimes
for listed timber species.
NON-COMMERCIAL LOAN OF SPECIMENS: The US
presented the document on non-commercial loan, donation or exchange
of museum and herbarium specimens (Doc.56). She amended Resolution
Conf.11.15 to encourage registration of scientific institutions.
BRAZIL said the issue should be dealt with in the CBD. Discussion
ANNOTATIONS FOR MEDICINAL PLANTS: The
Committee agreed to update Decision 11.118 on the issue directed to
the Plants Committee.
RESCUE OF DEPENDENT APES FROM WAR ZONES:
KENYA introduced its proposal (Doc.63) and discussion was postponed.
IN THE CORRIDORS
Discussions on proposals to amend Appendices
shifted from the savanna to the sea with delegates deliberating on
sharks, seahorses, humphead wrasse and the Patagonian toothfish
proposals. Whether rejecting or accepting the proposals, many
delegates were pleased with what they saw as an increased focus on
marine species, something CITES has traditionally shied away from.
The same trend holds true for timber, with the acceptance of bigleaf
mahogany in Appendix II. Several delegates saw the listing as one of
the more successful CITES outcomes. According to others, the success
may be short-lived as this decision, and several others, may be
revisited and perhaps reversed in Plenary.
THINGS TO LOOK FOR TODAY
PLENARY: Plenary will be at 10:00 am and at 2:00
pm in Conference Room 1
COMMITTEE II: Committee II will meet at 9:00 am
in Conference Room 2 to consider outstanding issues.