See more coverage of this event on the main IISD ENB website

We have launched a new website to better share our reports of global environmental negotiations.

As well as current coverage of new negotiations, you can find our original reports from this event by clicking here.

Daily Coverage

ENB daily reports




3 November




4 November




5 November




6 November




Visit the International Tropical Timber Organization

*To view PDF files,
you will need the free
Adobe Reader


International Tropical Timber Council: Thirty-Fifth Session

Yokohama, Japan | 3 - 8 November 2003

                                                                                                       Version Française

                                                                                                       Versión en español

Highlights from Wednesday, 5 November

On Wednesday, delegates convened in both Council and committee sessions. In the morning, the Council discussed forest law enforcement and governance; ITTO Objective 2000; and possible Council decisions. In the afternoon, the Committees on Reforestation and Forest Management (CRF), Economic Information and Market Intelligence (CEM) and Forest Industry (CFI), and Finance and Administration (CFA) convened. A side event also convened on trade and sustainable forest management, as well as an committee meeting of the ITTO fellowship programme.

Photo: Manoel
Sobral Filho, ITTO Executive Director, ITTC-35 Chair Bin Che Freezailah, Malaysia

Council Session

Stephen Johnson, Secretariat, presented the report on the case study on export and import data on tropical timber products in the context of international trade (ITTC (XXXV)/12). He noted that the case study would likely be comprised of twelve country studies, and expressed hope that resources could be devoted to synthesizing their reports.

Comments from delegates on the forest law enforcement and governance

Malaysia speaking as Coordinator of the Trade Advisory Group (right), noted that: the forest sector has suffered high job loss in recent years; discussions on illegal logging have become politicized; project funding for plantation developments should be increased; and industry needs to be included in future discussions on mahogany in CITES deliberations. He said that the successor agreement should be strengthened to enable more substantive debate on illegal trade.


Delegates from Nigeria and Malaysia

Norway (right) described a technology, which converts softwood into a tropical hardwood-like material and discussed the resulting negative impact on producer countries.


Chen Hin Keong, Senior Forest Trade Advisor, Traffic International, Don Wijewardana, New Zealand, and David Brooks and Chris Ellis, US

ITTO Objective 2000

Tapani Oksanen, INDUFOR (right), presented the findings of a diagnostic mission to identify obstacles to implementing the ITTO Objective 2000 in Peru. He said that obstacles include: illegal and informal forestry operators; policy decentralization; weak regional government capacity; and minimal political support for sectoral reform. He recommended, inter alia: the continued involvement of civil society; strengthening the monitoring of implementation; and improved cross-sectoral coordination.

Peru (left) noted current efforts to address illegal logging and optimize forest yields, and stressed political and financial costs of sector reform.

Chen Hin Keong, Senior Forest Trade Advisor, Traffic International,
Vice-Chair Jan McAlpine, US (left)

Side event: FAO: Trade and Sustainable Forest Management: Impacts and Interactions

Christian Mersmann, FAO, discussed FAO's effort to assess the impacts and interactions between the forest products trade and sustainable forest management (SFM), highlighting its various components, which include: research and analysis; expert consultations; round table discussions; the publication of research findings; and mainstreaming, dialogue and cooperation. He noted that the impacts and interactions between trade and SFM have been insufficiently studied and emphasized the need for increased policy coherence.

Mersmann gave an overview of the worldwide forest products trade, noting: the gross value of interregional trade in raw wood; the global market share of wood and wood-based products; the global growth of forest plantations; and the share of plantation timber in global wood supply forecasted for 2020.

Mersmann then described how the FAO project relates to, inter alia: environmental services; national level coherence of trade, environmental, agricultural, and economic policy; the international forest regime; the international trade regime, including the impact of multilateral environmental agreements on trade policies; market access and development issues related to import policies, such as non-tariff barriers, and export policies, such as subsidies or direct payments; market access and forest certification, including eco-labelling; governance; and the private sector.

He said the impacts and interactions of these issues would be assessed in terms of their effects on market share and prices, and stressed the need to balance trade liberalization with environmental and social concerns in line with the implementation of the Doha development agenda. Mersmann announced that a report on the FAO trade and SFM project would be released in March 2004.

Hosney El-Lakany, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Committee on Economic Information and Market Intelligence and Committee on Forest Industry
Emmanuel Ze Meka, Secretariat, and Co-Chairs Astrid Bergquist and Kaya Gilbert
Committee on Reforestation and Forest Managment
CO-Chairs A.S.K. Boachie-Dapaah and Henri Félix Maître

Committee on Finance and Administration
Charas Mayra, Secretariat,

Miscellaneous Photos

Schio Ishii, President, EDS Laboratory, and Koichi Hagiwara, UNIDO (;

Ecology Dry System Programme and UNIDO's promotion of this process. The EDS Process: will contribute to realize a resource recycling society by epoch-making utilization of tress (rapidly growing trees and thinned out tress) which have been heretofore deserted, and will preserve forest environment and global environment; can produce processed woods having high commercial values, and will create a new economic dimension; and will bring large employment and achieve better economies in developing countries in the tropics and the subtropics.

Links |

ITTO website, with provisional program, documents for the meeting, and information about the ITTO.
ENB summary from ITTC-34: (HTML, PDF, TEXT).
ENB summary from ITTC-33: (HTML, PDF, TEXT).
ENB summary from ITTC-32: (HTML, PDF, TEXT).
Linkages forests, desertification and land issues page, including a brief introduction to global forest policy.